|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014)|
|Nickname(s): Shahunagari|
|• Total||22.48 km2 (8.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||742 m (2,434 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Satara ( pronunciation (help·info) is a city located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India. The city is 2320 ft. above sea-level, near the confluence of the river Krishna and its tributary river Venna. The city was established in the 16th century and was the seat of Raja of Satara. This city is the headquarters of Satara Tahsil, as well as Satara District.
|This section does not cite any sources. (March 2014)|
The first Muslim invasion of the Deccan took place in 1296. In 1636 the Nizam Shahi dynasty came to an end. In 1663 Shivaji conquered Parali and Satara fort. After death of Shivaji, Shahu Shivaji, Heir Apparent to Maratha Kingdom, captured by Mughals when he was only seven years old, remained their prisoner till the death of his father in 1700. The Dowager Maharani Tarabai proclaimed his younger half-brother, and her son, Shahu Sambhaji as Chhatrapati Maharaj under her regency. Mughals released Shahu with some conditions in 1707, so that Marathas would face an internal war for the throne. Shahu returned to Maratha empire and claimed his inheritance. Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Azam Shah conquered Satara fort (Ajinkyatara) after a 6-month siege, later won by Parshuram Pratinidhi in 1706. In 1708 Chattrapati Shahu, the son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji, was crowned on the Satara fort. The direct descendents of Raja Shivaji continue to live in Satara. Udayanraje Bhonsle is the 13th descendent of Shivaji Maharaj.Dundle is the Sardar Of Chhatrpati Shivaji Maharaj. 
- Satara is well known for its sweet: kandi pedhe.
- This city was one of the capitals of the Maratha Empire.
- Satara City has a unique statue of Shivaji standing near a canon at Powai Naka; most of the statues elsewhere depict Shivaji riding on a horse.
- Kas plateau / Flower plateau is now a World Natural Heritage site.
|Climate data for Satara|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.0
|Average low °C (°F)||11.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3.1
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
The famous tourist points near Satara City are:
The first historical mention of Mahabaleshwar dates back to year 1215 when theKing Singhanof Deogiri visited Old Mahabaleshwar. He built a small temple and water tank at the source of theriver Krishna. Around 1350, a Brahmin dynasty ruled this area. In the middle of the 16th century the Maratha family of Chandarao More defeated the Brahmin dynasty and became rulers ofJavliand Mahabaleshwar, during which period the temple of Old Mahabaleshwar was rebuilt.In the 17th centuryShivaji Maharajtook over Javli and Mahabaleshwar and constructed thePratapgadfort in 1656.In 1819, the British included the hills in the territory of the Raja of Satara. Col. Lodwick (Late General Sir ) stationed at Satara, in April 1824 with a contingent of soldiers and Indian guides climbed up the mountain face reaching what is now known as the Lodwick Point.Starting withSir John Malcolmin 1828, a succession of them from SirMountstuart Elphinstone, Arthur Malet (for whom the seat at "Point Arthur" is named), Carnac, Frere and many others became regular visitors.Present day Mahabaleshwar came into existence in the year 1829-30. In old records it is mentioned as Malcolm Peth, but in practise today it is known as Mahabaleshwar.Added to the scores of magnificent scenic"points", the perennial springs, streams, and waterfalls of Mahabaleshwar plateau, with its year round superb climate, drew the English and others to Mahabaleshwar. By the end of the 19th century it had become an attractive popular hill station of world renown.Raj Bhavan, the Summer residence of theGovernor of Maharashtra, is also located here.
As of 2011 India census, Satara had a population of 120,079; males constituted 52% of the population and females 48%. Satara has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 74%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 76%. In Satara, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Marathi is the native & widely spoken languages.English,Kannada,Gujarati are also spoken.
Maharashtra state's sex ratio is 883 girls per 1000 boys, and Satara fares worse still at 881, in spite of the high level of literacy. Although population of city is 120,079 in municipal bountries.It has crossed its limits across municipal boundaries and population now is about 3,26,000 in 2011.
Satara city is well connected with the rest of Maharashtra by road and rail. National Highway 4 running between Mumbai and Chennai passes through Satara. A bypass was constructed in 1990s to avoid traffic congestion in the city. NH4 being a part of the Golden Quadrilateral has been fully converted to a 4-lane divided highway while the stretch between Pune and Satara has been upgraded to 6-lane. State Highway 58 connects Satara with Mahabaleshwar and Solapur.
Satara railway station lies on the Pune-Miraj line of the Central Railways and is administered by the Pune Railway Division. The railway station is located a small distance east of the city and is served by several Express trains. Sahyadri Express, Koyna Express, Mahalaxmi Express, Maharashtra Express, Goa Express are a daily trains that have halts at Satara.
- Mulla, Mohsin (4 July 2012). "Kaas to bloom for only 2,000 tourists daily". Dnaindia.com.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Satara.
- "Satara District Map". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Chaphal details. virajtravels.in
- Cities having population 1 lakh and above. censusindia.gov.in
- Babu, Chaya. 285 Indian girls no longer called "unwanted". Associated Press via MSNBC. 22 October 2011
- Paul H. von Tucher: Nationalism: Case and crisis in Mission – German Missions in British India 1939 – 1946 Diss. Erlangen 1980. Author's edition Erlangen/Germany 1980. Read SATARA.
- Wilhelm Filchner: Life of a Researcher (chapter XXIII). Wilhelm Filchner was interned from September 1941 until November 1946 in the Parole Camp in Satara.
- Selections from the Historical Records of the Hereditary Minister of Baroda. Consisting of letters from Bombay, Baroda, Poona and Satara Governments. Collected by B. A. Gupte. Calcutta 1922.
- Malik, S. C. Stone Age Industries of the Bombay & Satara Districts, M. Sayajirao University Baroda 1959.
- Irawati Karve, Jayant Sadashiv Randadive, The Social Dynamics of a Growing Town and Its Surrounding Area. Deccan College, 1965, Poona. ISBN B0000CQW3J
- Valunjkar, T. N. Social Organization, Migration & Change in a Village Community, Deccan College Poona 1966.
- Dr. B.R.Ambedkar writes about his experience while living as a child in Satara in his autobiographical book, Waiting for a Visa 
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