Satellite Launch Vehicle

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Satellite Launch Vehicle
Satellite Launch Vehicle Source ISRO
Function Small launch vehicle
Manufacturer ISRO
Country of origin India
Height 22 m (72 ft)
Diameter 1 m (3.3 ft)
Mass 17,000 kg (37,000 lb)
Payload to 400km LEO 40 kg (88 lb)
Associated rockets
Derivatives ASLV, PSLV
Launch history
Status Retired
Launch sites Sriharikota
Total launches 4
Successes 2
Failures 1
Partial failures 1
First flight 10 August 1979
Last flight 17 April 1983
Notable payloads Rohini
First stage
Engines 1 solid
Thrust 502.6 kN (113,000 lbf)
Specific impulse 253 sec
Burn time 49 seconds
Fuel Solid
Second stage
Engines 1 solid
Thrust 267 kN (60,000 lbf)
Specific impulse 267 sec
Burn time 40 seconds
Fuel Solid
Third stage
Engines 1 solid
Thrust 90.7 kN (20,400 lbf)
Specific impulse 277 sec
Burn time 45 seconds
Fuel Solid
Fourth stage
Engines 1 solid
Thrust 26.83 kN (6,030 lbf)
Specific impulse 283 sec
Burn time 33 seconds
Fuel Solid

The Satellite Launch Vehicle (Hindi: उपग्रह प्रक्षेपण यान), or SLV was a project started in the early 1970s by the Indian Space Research Organisation to develop the technology needed to launch satellites. The project was headed by APJ Abdul Kalam. SLV was intended to reach a height of 400 kilometres (250 mi) and carry a payload of 40 kg (88 lb).[1] The first experimental flight of SLV-3, in August 1979, was a failure.[2] The first successful launch took place on 18 July, 1980.

It was a four-stage rocket with all solid-propellant motors.[2]

The first launch of the SLV took place in Sriharikota on 10 August 1979. The fourth and final launch of the SLV took place on 17 April 1983.

Launch statistics[edit]

  •   Failure
  •   Partial failure
  •   Success

Launch History[edit]

All four SLV launches occurred from the SLV Launch Pad at the Sriharikota High Altitude Range. The first two launches were experimental (E) and the next 2 were designated as developmental (D) as this was the first launch vehicle being developed by India not intended for a long service life.[3]

Flight № Date / time (UTC) Rocket,
Launch site Payload Payload mass Orbit User Launch
E1 10 August 1979 Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV Launch Pad Rohini Technology Payload[4] 35 kg Low Earth ISRO Failure
Faulty valve caused vehicle to crash into the Bay of Bengal 317 seconds after launch.[3]
E2 18 July 1980 Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV Launch Pad Rohini RS-1 35 kg Low Earth ISRO Success [3]
It was the first satellite successfully launched by the indigenous launch vehicle SLV. It provided data on the fourth stage of SLV.
D1 31 May 1981 Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV Launch Pad Rohini RS-D1 38 kg Low Earth ISRO Partial failure
Orbit too low. Decayed after 9 days[3]
D2 17 April 1983 Satellite Launch Vehicle SLV Launch Pad Rohini RS-D2 41.5 kg Low Earth ISRO Success[3]
Earth Observation satellite

On May 23, 2016, A modified version of the launcher consisting only the first stage[5] lofted the HEX-1 Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demostrator on a 10-minute mission to 70 kilometers in altitude.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Launch Vehicles". Department of Space, Government of India. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "SLV". Retrieved 2015-09-05. 
  3. ^ a b c d e TS Subramanian. "Silver jubilee of the first successful SLV-3". Frontiline. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2018. 
  4. ^ "Rohini Technology Payload". Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "ISRO's Reusable Launch Vehicle to take off next week". The Hindu. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.