Satellite city

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Taoyuan (pictured above; 2.3 million) is the satellite city of Taipei (7 million). Many of the former's residents work in and commute to the latter.

Satellite cities or satellite towns are smaller municipalities that are adjacent to a major city which is the core of a metropolitan area.[1][2] They differ from mere suburbs, subdivisions and especially bedroom communities in that they have municipal governments distinct from that of the core metropolis and employment bases sufficient to support their residential populations. Conceptually, satellite cities could be self-sufficient communities outside of their larger metropolitan areas. However, functioning as part of a metropolis, a satellite city experiences cross-commuting (that is, residents commuting out of and employees commuting into the city).

Satellite cities versus other types of settlement[edit]

Satellite Towns were there for about 2 billion people on Earth in 1927, but our population is almost 7 billion today. This enormous increase in the human population has brought crowded metropolitan areas. We created satellite towns in order to create planned towns and houses. These towns have begun to be built in our country as well. It might therefore be a good idea to consider its benefits and disadvantages. The primary benefit of a city with skyscrapers is its modernity. Since we’ve had a terrible earthquake disaster in the past, it’s important that our country has durable and secure homes, and modern homes have these qualities[3]. Satellite cities are different from and are sometimes confused with the following related patterns of development.


Satellite cities differ from suburbs in that they have distinct employment bases, commutersheds, and cultural offerings from the central metropolis, as well as an independent municipal government. Satellite cities are not bedroom communities.

Edge cities[edit]

Satellite cities differ from edge cities, which are suburbs with large employment bases and cultural offerings, in that satellite cities must have a true historic downtown, a distinct independent municipal government, existed as a city prior to becoming interconnected with the larger metropolitan core, and are surrounded by a belt of rural land between themselves and the central city.[citation needed]

Conceptually, both satellite cities and some types of edge city could be (and once were) self-sufficient communities outside of their larger metropolitan areas, but have become interconnected due to the suburban expansion of the larger metropolis. However, while edge cities may have their own government and share many characteristics with satellite cities, they are much more physically integrated with the core city and would not exist in anything like their present form if not for the suburban expansion of their larger neighbor. Edge cities are activity nodes within a metro area, not miniature metro areas themselves.

Some satellite cities that are particularly close or well connected to their larger neighbors and/or have their own historic downtown may also qualify as the uptown variety of edge cities, but the terms are not synonymous.

Major Satellite Cities in the World

• In Australia, Gold Coast in Queensland is a satellite city of Brisbane, Wollongong and Gosford is a satellite city of Sydney (Ansumant, 2020)kamraju[3].

• Satellite cities are a major factor in urban regions of the United States and Canada. Some major satellite cities in the U.S include Bel Air, Bridgeport, Fort Collins, Fort Lauderdale, New Haven, Rockford, Riverside, San Bernardino, Santa Cruz, Tacoma, Worcester and Brentwood among others. In Canada, some satellite cities include Hamilton, Kitchener, and Sorel-Tracy among others (Ansumant, 2020)[3].

• Satellite cities are there all over the world in Asia, Europe, South America and Africa wherever there are major cities and urban areas (Ansumant, 2020)[3].

Multi-polar cities[edit]

In some cases large metropolitan areas have multiple centers of close to equal importance. These multi-polar cities are often referred to as twin cities. Multi-polar cities differ from satellite cities in such cases :

  • satellites are clearly much less important than the larger center around which they are located, while the various nodes of multi-polar cities are close to each other in importance
  • satellites are separated from the larger center by a substantial belt of rural territory, while twin cities may be fully integrated in physical form

For example, Fort Worth, Texas is a twin of Dallas, Texas because though Fort Worth is somewhat smaller, it is proportionally close enough and physically integrated enough with Dallas to be considered a twin rather than a satellite. However, Waco, Texas is a satellite town of both cities. Generally speaking, cities that are listed as being part of the same urbanized area should be considered twins, rather than one having a satellite relationship to the other.

Major Satellite Cities in India

In India, there are many renowned satellite cities that have gained prominence due to the development of their infrastructure and the potential for real estate

Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad and Faridabad are prominent satellite cities near Delhi. Some renowned satellite cities, such as Navi Mumbai, Dombivli, and Thane, are also in Mumbai (J, 2014)[3].

Kanchipuram, Mamallapuram, Sriperumbudur and Tiruvallur, among others, are important satellite cities of Chennai. There are also a few prominent satellite townships in Bangalore, like Kengeri and Yelahanka. Other renowned satellite cities are Hitech City in Hyderabad, Salt Lake City in Kolkata, Pimpri- Chinchwad in Pune and Mohali in Chandigarh (J, 2014)[3].

Metropolitan areas[edit]

Conceptually, satellite cities are miniature metro areas on the fringe of larger ones. Satellite cities are sometimes listed as part of the larger metro area, and sometimes listed as totally independent. In the United States, satellite cities are often (but not always) listed as independent Metropolitan Statistical Areas within a single Combined Statistical Area that is unified with the larger metropolis.

Importance of the Satellite cities

Satellite cities are gaining more popularity among the population today. The solution to the problem is provided by satellite towns. It is part of the larger cities of the metropolitan area, but completely independent of the urban area. Satellite cities provide living space and commercial space. It provides residents with a shopping mall, an education centre, and others[3].

The services, self-contained economies and others are maintained by the satellite towns while being interconnected with the closely located metropolitan areas. Through suburban sprawl, the bedroom communities, suburban areas and others are less self-contained. With the enormous variety of nodes, urban areas exist.

The satellite town provides residents with the luxury and security of living space. Advanced facilities are available for the upcoming satellite cities. The satellite cities are helping to reduce suburban sprawl with unique urban planning[3].














Sec V Office towers, Kolkata, India.
Hiranandani Meadows Thane, India.
Hitech city, Hyderabad, India.
Cyber gate way high-tech IT park Hyderabad, India.








New Zealand[edit]

Statistics New Zealand defines a satellite urban community as one where 20 percent or more of the resident population's work in a main urban area (30,000 or more). The following towns meet this criterion:[10]








South Korea[edit]


Skyline of Tamsui District


Satellites of İstanbul:

Satellites of Ankara:

Satellite of İzmir:

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]



Satellite cities offer multiple advantages, more than just mixed-use realty developments. It also helps to boost the local economy, in addition to providing its residents with superior quality of life in the form of road connectivity, electricity, water, drainage and other significant facilities. This leads to price increases in land and residential property prices in and around the satellite city. It provides them with a viable alternative for residents in the main city who want to escape from the stress, pollution and hassles of city life. In addition to providing its residents with easy accessibility, the transport infrastructure developed in satellite cities also allows the decongestment of traffic in the main city. In addition, satellite cities provide a scientific balance between the population and the resources it needs, leading to sustainable and eco-friendly development[3].

Satellite cities are the perfect choice for individuals who are looking to invest in the real estate sector. The workspace, social infrastructure and others are closely located to it. The benefits of investing in satellite cities, such as affordable housing, well-infrastructure and others, are vastly diverse. It provides the residents with a high quality of living experience. It provides access to roads, water , electricity, drainage and important facilities[3].

This city offers the inhabitants the stress and pollution free lifestyle. In satellite towns, transport infrastructure is developed that not only offers comfortable accessibility to residents, but also reduces traffic in the big city. It provides the residents with high quality water. The satellite town provides great facilities for affordable housing. The scientific balance between resources and populations is offered by satellite cities. It supplies the eco-friendly environment.[3]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Goldfield, David (2007). Encyclopedia of American Urban History. ISBN 9780761928843.
  2. ^ Shao, Zisheng (19 August 2015). The New Urban Area Development: A Case Study in China. ISBN 9783662449585.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Manisha, P.; Devi, Sanja; Kamraju, M.; Science, Urban Environment (18 April 2021), A Qualitative Study on Role of Satellite Cities in India, pp. 83–93, ISBN 978-93-90658-28-2, retrieved 20 October 2021
  4. ^ a b Mahmud, Abu Hayat (26 January 2014). "Rajuk's big projects facing several hurdles". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Zagreb County Official Website
  6. ^ "NCR Region of Delhi: Gurgaon, sonepat, Noida, Faridabad & Ghaziabad Shakuntala". Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Maraimalai Nagar". Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  8. ^ Akhter Ali, Mohd; Kamraju, M. (2 June 2020), EVALUATION OF TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION IN HYDERABAD CITY, TELANGANA STATE, pp. 72–81, ISBN 978-1-716-82711-2, retrieved 20 October 2021
  9. ^ "Telangana State to add 7 new municipal corporations to existing 6". The Hans India. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  10. ^ "New Zealand: An Urban/Rural Profile" (PDF). Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  11. ^ Lane, James B. (1978). City of the Century: A History of Gary, Indiana. Indiana University Press. p. 27. ISBN 0253111870.

External articles[edit]

  1. ^ Kamraju, M.; Science, Urban Environment (18 April 2021), An Overview of Urban Development, pp. 9–18, ISBN 978-93-90658-28-2, retrieved 20 October 2021
  2. ^ "Urbanisation and Urban Systems". Rajesh Publications. Retrieved 20 October 2021.