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The Saterland Frisians (German: Saterfriesen) are one of the smallest language groups in Europe. They belong to the eastern branch of the Frisian people and are thus a recognised minority within Germany. They live in the Saterland (Saterland Frisian: Seelterlound), a community in the northern part of Cloppenburg district (Lower Saxony).
The Saterland Frisians came from East Frisia, but around 1200 they left their old homeland after several major storm tides and settled the present-day Saterland. There they superimposed themselves on the indigenous, but thinly spread Westphalian-Saxons and assimilated them. The fact that they are clearly counted as Frisians is evinced by a document dated May 1400: together with the other East Frisian estates and rural communities, they signed an agreement with representatives of the Hanseatic League that they would no longer afford any more assistance to the Victual Brothers, a band of pirates active in the North Sea. Also, in a document from that time, the Saterland Frisians were designated as belonging to the seven Frisian coastal lands.
What is noteworthy about the Saterland Frisians today is that they have preserved the old Frisian language, the last Frisians in East Frisia to do so, Approximately 1,000-2,500 people speak a Frisian dialect interspersed with elements of Lower Saxon known as Saterland Frisian. Research by the University of Göttingen put the number at 2,250 persons.
- Annette Heese: Das Saterland - Ein Streifzug durch die Geschichte Gemeinde Saterland, Saterland 1988, ISBN 3-9801728-0-5
- Hanne Klöver: Spurensuche im Saterland: Ein Lesebuch zur Geschichte einer Gemeinde friesischen Ursprungs im Oldenburger Land, SKN Druck & Verlag GmbH & Co., Saterland 1998, ISBN 3-928327-32-1
- Saterfriesisches Volksleben: Texte u. Zeugnisse aus d. fries. Saterland mit hochdt. Übers. / Marron C. Fort [ed.]. Rhauderfehn: Ostendorp, 1985, ISBN 3-921516-42-0
- Saterfriesische Stimmen: Texte und Zeugnisse aus d. fries. Saterland mit hochdt. Übers. / Marron C. Fort [ed.]. Rhauderfehn: Ostendorp, 1990, ISBN 3-921516-48-X