Satinath Sarangi

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Satinath (Sathyu) Sarangi was born in Chakradharpur, Jharkhand, India, on 25 September 1954. Since 1984 he is living in Bhopal. He has been involved with the multiple activities run by a network of local, national and international groups, pursuing health and economic needs, fighting legal claims, providing medical support and reminding the world that the Bhopal disaster of 1984 happened. Sarangi is the founder of several activist organisations. He is also the founder and manager of Sambhavna Trust.


Educational Qualification: Master of technology (M Tech) (Metallurgical Engineering), Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi.[1] He enrolled for PhD in 1980, but dropped out in 1984.[2][3]

Activism before 1984[edit]

Sarangi's work as a campaigner started early as he became involved in various campaigns including indigenous people’s struggle for self-determination in Bihar and the Society of Social Workers, students involved in organising low caste agricultural workers.[2][3]

Activism in Bhopal[edit]

Sarangi arrived in Bhopal the day after the Bhopal disaster, the gas release the night of 2–3 December 1984. He immediately got engaged in issues on health care and the rights of the victims. Thus, he was one of those exposed to the violence of police and authorities. When other activists left Bhopal, he stayed on. Being well educated, he supported the victims and their organisations.[4]

Already in December 1984, he was a founder member of Zahareeli Gas Kand Sangharsh Morcha (Poisonous Gas Episode Struggle Front), an organization of survivors of the Union Carbide disaster in Bhopal Bhopal disaster. In 1986, he founded the Bhopal Group for Information and Action (BGIA). In 1989, he made a campaign tour to USA, UK, Ireland and The Netherlands.[2][3]

He was a member of the organizing committee for Bhopal session of the Permanent Peoples' Tribunal on Industrial and Environmental Hazards and Human Rights in 1992, and the National Organizing Secretary for the International Medical Commission on Bhopal in 1994.[2][3]

In 1996, he finally could fulfil his dream of providing free and proper health care for the gas victims. That year, the Sambhavna Trust (or Bhopal People's Health and Documentation Clinic) was inaugurated. At the 20th anniversary in 2004, he presented the new buildings and the garden to be. Sambhavna clinic also undertakes community health work. It is the only organisation currently researching the long-term effects of the Bhopal gas exposure.

Other important activities were the marches to Delhi and hungerstrikes in 2006 and 2008. In 2009 he participated in the Bhopal Europe Bus Tour. In his work, he interacts closely with survivors’ associations.


  • The University Gold medal for topping M Tech exam.
  • The Distinguished Alumunus Award, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, BHU 2008.[5]
  • Honorary graduate/PhD at Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh 2009.[3]
  • Ground Zero Patriot, Tehelka magazine, 2009.[5]
  • Man of the year, The Week Magazine 2010.
  • Award of Excellence 2010-11, Association of IT-BHU Alumni, New Delhi.[5]
  • The Sambhavna Trust was awarded the Japanese Tajiri Muneaki prize in 1999, the national ‘Inner Flame Award’ for outstanding humanitarian work in 2001, the international Margaret Mead Award in 2002, and the International Regenerative Health Care Award from CleanMed 2009/Health Care Without Harm (HCWH), USA in 2009 [3][6]


  • S. Sarangi, T. Zaidi, R.K. Pal, D. Katgara, V. G. Gadag, S. Mulay, and D.R. Varma, Effects of Exposure of Parents to Toxic Gases in Bhopal on the Offspring. American Journal of Industrial Medicine;53(8):836-41, 2010
  • Satinath Sarangi. Global Industrial Disaster, National State Failure and Local Self-provision of Health Care. Global Social Policy, Vol. 9(3): pp 316–318; 2009
  • Barn, S. Mulay, S. Sarangi; The Bhopal Gas Disaster twenty five years later British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, BC, Canada, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada, Sambhavna Trust Clinic, Bhopal, India 2009-A-246-ISES Minneapolis, 1–5 November 2009
  • Daya R Varma, Ritesh Pal, Diana Katgara, Satinath Sarangi, Tasneem Zaidi, Steven Holleran, Rajashekhar Ramakrishnan and Shree Mulay. Catch-up growth in males affected by the Union Carbide disaster of 1984 in Bhopal, India. The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 22:1137.1, 2008
  • Bridget Hanna, Ward Morehouse, Satinath Sarangi (2005) The Bhopal Reader, Other India Press, Goa, India and The Apex Press, New York, USA [1]
  • Satinath Sarangi, Medical Crime, Seminar 544, New Delhi, December 2004
  • Nishant Ranjan, Satinath Sarangi, V. T. Padmanabhan, Steve Holleran, Rajasekhar Ramakrishnan and Daya R. Varma (October 2003). "Methyl isocyanate exposure and growth patterns of adolescents in Bhopal" (PDF). JAMA. 290 (14): 1856–7. doi:10.1001/jama.290.14.1856. PMID 14532313. Retrieved December 2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)[permanent dead link]
  • Satinath Sarangi: The Bhopal aftermath: generations of women affected. Silent Invaders - Pesticides, Livelihoods and Women's Health, Edited by Miriam Jacobs and Barbara Dinham, Zed Books, London 2003 [2]
  • Satinath Sarangi: Le de'sastre impuni de Bhopal, Pour Que Vive La Terre, Edited by Roger Cans and Benoit Hopquin, EPA-Hachette Livre, 2003
  • Satinath Sarangi: Crimes of Bhopal and the Global Campaign for Justice. Social Justice. San Francisco, Volume 29, Number 3, 2002
  • Barbara Dinham and Satinath Sarangi: The Bhopal gas tragedy-1984 to? The evasion of corporate responsibility, Environment and Urbanization IIED, London, Vol. 14 No. 1, April 2002
  • Sarangi S: An industrial disaster becomes a medical nightmare. Issues in Medical Ethics. Vol. 9, No. 3, July–September 2001, Mumbai, India.[3]
  • Sarangi Satinath: Bhopal Gas Tragedy. India Disasters Report - Towards a Policy Initiative, Edited by Parasuraman S, Unnikrishnan P. V. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2000
  • Satinath Sarangi, The Movement in Bhopal and Its Lessons, Environmental Victims, Edited by Christopher Williams, Earthscan Publications Limited, London, 1998
  • Satinath Sarangi, "Health Care Plan for Bhopal Disaster Survivors, Going Nowhere" Economic and Political Weekly, XXXIII:16, 18 April 883-84, Mumbai, India, 1998.
  • Satinath Sarangi, "Toxic Legacy of Union Carbide in Bhopal" Radical Journal of Health (New Series) Vol. II:I, 68-71, Mumbai, India, 1996.
  • Satinath Sarangi, "Injured Psyches" Radical Journal of Health (New Series) Vol. I, 66-70, Mumbai, India, 1995.
  • Satinath Sarangi "Bhopal Disaster : Judiciary’s Failure" Economic and Political Weekly, 18 November 2907 – 2909, Mumbai, India, 1995.


Addressed public meetings, seminars and conferences in Czechoslovakia, France, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, South Korea, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States of America, including at the following Universities: University of California, Berkeley, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Stanford University, San Francisco, Columbia University, New York, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, University of the District of Columbia, Washington DC, London School of Economics, London, University of Sussex, Brighton, School of Oriental and African Studies, London, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, Netherlands and other places.[2]



External links[edit]