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Imperata cylindrica spikes.jpg
Imperata cylindrica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Genus: Imperata
Type species
Imperata arundinacea

Imperata is a small but widespread genus of tropical and subtropical grasses, commonly known as satintails.[1][2]

Satintail grass species are perennial rhizomatous herbs with solid, erect stems and silky inflorescences. The best known species is Imperata cylindrica, which is recognized as a devastating noxious weed in many places and cultivated as an ornamental plant in others.[3][4][5][6]

The genus is named after Ferrante Imperato, a Renaissance apothecary who lived in Naples in the late 16th and early 17th Centuries. His collection included a herbarium.[7][8][9]

  1. Imperata brasiliensis - South + Central America, West Indies, southern Mexico
  2. Imperata brevifolia - southwestern USA (CA AZ NV UT NM TX)
  3. Imperata cheesemanii - Kermadec Islands (part of New Zealand)
  4. Imperata condensata - Argentina, Chile
  5. Imperata conferta - plumegrass, kunay grass - Southeast Asia, Papuasia, Micronesia
  6. Imperata contracta - guayanilla - South + Central America, West Indies, southern Mexico
  7. Imperata cylindrica - bladygrass, cogongrass, speargrass, silver-spike - Africa, southern Europe, southwestern Asia; introduced in Central + Eastern Asia, North America, various islands
  8. Imperata flavida - Hainan Province in China
  9. Imperata minutiflora - Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina
  10. Imperata parodii - southern Chile
  11. Imperata tenuis - Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Corrientes Province of Argentina
formerly included[10]

see Cinna Lagurus Miscanthus Saccharum


  1. ^ Cirillo, Domenico Maria Leone 1792. Plantarum Rariorum Regni Neapolitani 2: 26
  2. ^ Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 583 白茅属 bai mao shu Imperata Cirillo, Pl. Rar. Neapol. 2: 26. 1792.
  4. ^ Jepson Manual Treatment
  5. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile
  6. ^ Grass Manual Genus Profile
  7. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. CRC Press. p. 1105. ISBN 978-1-4200-0322-2. 
  8. ^ Flora of Pakistan
  9. ^ Atlas of Living Australia
  10. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families