Satkhira District

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Satkhira District
সাতক্ষীরা জেলা
Jamindar Bari Jame Masjid from the Satkhira-Jessore Highway.jpg
Green field at village bhagbah - 5.jpg
তেতুলিয়া জামে মসজিদ 03.jpg
Chaygharia Jora Shiv Temple.jpg
সুন্দরবন,সাতক্ষীরা.jpg
Clockwise from top: Jamindar Bari mosque, Fields at Bagbah village, Chaygharia Shiva temple, Sundarbans, Tetulia Jamia Masjid
Motto(s): 
The attraction of Satkhira is the Sundarbans by road.
Location of Satkhira District in Bangladesh
Location of Satkhira District in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Satkhira District
Coordinates: 22°21′N 89°05′E / 22.35°N 89.08°E / 22.35; 89.08Coordinates: 22°21′N 89°05′E / 22.35°N 89.08°E / 22.35; 89.08
Country Bangladesh
DivisionKhulna Division
Sub District Established1852 (170 years ago) (1852)
Established as District1 March 1984 (38 years ago) (1984-03-01)
SeatSatkhira
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMohammad Humayun Kabir
Area
 • Total3,817.29 km2 (1,473.86 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,985,959
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
9400
HDI (2019)0.649[1]
medium · 4th of 20

Satkhira (Bengali: সাতক্ষীরা জেলা, pron: Satkhira) is a district in southwestern Bangladesh and is part of Khulna Division. It lies along the border with West Bengal, India. It is on the bank of the Arpangachhia River. The largest city and headquarter of this district is Satkhira.

Administration[edit]

The district consists of two municipalities, seven upazilas, 79 union porishods, 8 thana (police station) and 1436 villages.

The upazilas are:[2]

The two municipalities are Satkhira and Kalaroa.

  • Chairman of Zila Porishod: Nazrul Islam[3]
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Humayun Kabir[4]

Geography[edit]

Satkhira District has an area of about 3,817 square kilometres (1,474 sq mi). It is bordered to the north by Jessore District, on the south by the Bay of Bengal, to the east by Khulna District, and to the west by North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas districts of West Bengal, India.

The annual average maximum temperature reaches 35.5 °C (95.9 °F); minimum temperature is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The annual rainfall is 1710 mm (67 in).

The main rivers are the Kopotakhi river across Dorgapur union of Assasuni Upazila, Morichap River, Kholpetua River, Betna River, Raimangal River, Hariabhanga river, Ichamati River, Betrabati River and Kalindi-Jamuna River.[5]

Climate[edit]

Tropical savanna climates have a monthly mean temperature above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and typically a pronounced dry season, with the driest month having precipitation less than 60mm (2.36 in) of precipitation. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw" (tropical savanna climate).[6]

Climate data for Satkhira
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
28
(82)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(87)
31
(87)
32
(89)
31
(87)
29
(84)
26
(78)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(53)
15
(59)
20
(68)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(78)
26
(78)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
18
(64)
13
(55)
21
(69)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.6
(0.3)
23
(0.9)
30
(1.2)
71
(2.8)
140
(5.7)
290
(11.6)
350
(13.9)
330
(12.8)
270
(10.5)
140
(5.6)
25
(1)
7.6
(0.3)
1,690
(66.5)
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 1,143,953—    
1981 1,354,662+2.44%
1991 1,597,178+1.66%
2001 1,864,704+1.56%
2011 1,985,959+0.63%
Sources:[8]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Satkhira District had a population of 1,985,959, of which 982,777 were males and 1,003,182 were females. Rural population was 1,788,343 (90.05%) while urban population was 197,616 (9.95%). Satkhira had a literacy rate of 52.07% for the population 7 years and above: 56.11% for males and 48.15% for females.[8]

Religion in Satkhira district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Islam
81.86%
Hinduism
17.70%
Other or not stated
0.44%

Muslims formed 81.86% of the population, Hindus 17.70% and others 0.44%. The Muslim population has increased continuously while the Hindu population has remained relatively constant and sometimes fallen.[8]

Economy[edit]

Shrimp hatchery

Most of the peoples of southern part of Satkhira depend on pisciculture, locally called gher. Main fruits are aam (mango), jaam (blackberry), kathal (jackfruit), kola (banana), pepe (papaya), lichoo (litchi), naarikel (coconut) and peyara (guava). Farms are 86 dairies, 322 poultry farms, 3046 fisheries, 3650 shrimp farms, 66 hatcheries and one cattle breeding centre. The main exports are shrimp, paddy, jute, wheat, betel leaf, leather and jute goods. Contribute 18.5% of Bangladesh economy.[clarification needed] Recently, the wide spread crab fattening[clarification needed] is contributing heavily in Satkhira's economy.

Points of interest[edit]

Sundarbans is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world, is a World Heritage Site, and covers an area of 5,747 square kilometres (2,219 sq mi).

The region is home to many ancient buildings and temples such as Sultanpur Shahi Mosque (500 years old) and Pir-e-Kamel Kari Hafez Sah-Sufi Jonab Hozrat Maolana Azizur Rahman (Rh) was a Muslim Sufi Saint and local ruler Kalimakhali, assasuni upozila in satkhira (now in Bangladesh). Attractions also include the mangrove forest at Kaligonj Upazila. This forest, named Basjharia Joarar Ban, is popularly known as the forest of BADHA. The Joarar Ban is the cause of friction between Bangladesh and Indian border.[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

Land ports[edit]

Bhomra land Port

India-Bangladesh (Bhomra land port): 200 yard distant BGP camp from main port. The Bhomra land port is second largest land port in Bangladesh. The Bhomra land customs station was inaugurated in 1996.

Transport[edit]

Roads and highways are Satkhira-Khulna, Satkhira-Jessore, Satkhira-Assasuni-Ghola, Satkhira-Kaligonj-Shyamnagar. Satkhira-Kaligonj-Shyamnagar is very bad due to conductor's corruption.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Recently established one medical college, 79 colleges, one primary teachers training institute, 421 high schools, 41 junior high schools, 259 madrassas, 822 government primary schools. Some of the notable educational institutions-

Satkhira Government College

Satkhira City College

Satkhira Medical College

Satkhira Government Girls’ High School

Satkhira Government High School

Satkhira Government Mahila College

Kaliganj Govt. College

Satkhira Day-Night College

Kalaroa government college

Jhaudanga high school

Digital Satkhira[edit]

In 1994 few young people started a computer training center as a business and prepared some talents who later started other computer business and ultimately created the idea of digital Satkhira. Slowly the computer replaced manual type machine in the office, bank and other institutions. Schools and colleges started recruiting computer teachers. Many more young people started computer business. Manual (letter) printing presses switched to offset printing using the computer.

First local daily newspaper published name was "Doinik Satkhira Chitra".

First Computer Sales & Service Centre was "Mitul Computer Services"

First Computer Training Centre was "Cosmos Computer"

First Offset Printing Press was "Zahan Offset Printing Press"

In 1999 the Computer Association of Satkhira was established with 30 members. The first president was Mitul Md. Moniruzzaman and General Secretary was Nityananda Sarkar with Vice President Faruque ul-Islam and Sayed Iqbal Babu. Computer Association of Satkhira regularly organizes computer fairs in varieties location for ICT awareness. Some of computer fairs were supported by Bangladesh Computer Samity with the presence of Mustafa Jabbar, current ICT minister.

Notable people[edit]

Satkhira Government Hospital/Medical College[edit]

1 Satkhira Sadar Hospital
2 Satkhira Medical College & Hospital
3 Upazila Health Complex, Sakhipur, Debhata
4 Upazila Health Complex,Kaliganj
5 Upazila Health Complex, Shyamnagar
6 Upazila Health Complex, Kalaroa
7 Upazila Health Complex, Tala
8 Upazila Health Complex, Assasuni

Private Hospital/Clinic[edit]

Care Diagnostic Centre & Clinic Satkhira
1 Anwara Memorial Clinic
2 Bushra Hospital
3 Care Clinic
4 CB Hospital Limited.
5 City Clinic
6 Doctors Lab & Hospital (Pvt.) Ltd.
7 DR. MAHTABUDDIN MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
8 Farhan Clinic
9 Grameen Eye Hospital, Satkhira
10 HEART FOUNDATION AND INTENSIVE CARE HOSPITAL
11 Islami Bank Community Hospital Satkhira Ltd.
12 Jhaudanga Piles and Surgical Clinic
13 NAZMUN CLINIC
14 Sangram Medical Hospital (Pvt.)
15 Sanjana nursing home & clinic
16 Satata Clinic
17 Satkhira National Hospital
18 Satkhira Trauma & Orthopaedics Care Centre.

Private Diagnostic Centre[edit]

1 Anwara Memorial Diagnostic Centre
2 Bushra Diagnostic Center
3 Care Diagnostic Centre
4 CB Hospital Limited
5 Digital Diagnostic & CT Scan Center
06 Islami Bank Community Hospital Satkhira Ltd.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

rice planting near village Bhagbah
  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  2. ^ Bangladesh Bureau of statistics, 2011, Satkhira Archived 13 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ সাতক্ষীরা জেলা পরিষদের প্রথম চেয়ারম্যান নজরুল ইসলাম. banglanews24.com (in Bengali). 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "New Satkhira DC takes office". banglanews24.com. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  5. ^ Amirul Ashraf (2012). "Satkhira District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ Climate Summary
  7. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on 30 May 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Satkhira" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  9. ^ "জাতীয় কার্যনির্বাহী কমিটি ২০১৬".
  10. ^ Sikandar Abu Zafar