Satsuma, Alabama

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Motto: "Enjoy Quality of Life in Satsuma"
Location in Mobile County and the state of Alabama
Location in Mobile County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 30°51′16″N 88°3′16″W / 30.85444°N 88.05444°W / 30.85444; -88.05444
Country United States
State Alabama
County Mobile
 • Total 6.5 sq mi (16.9 km2)
 • Land 6.5 sq mi (16.9 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 13 ft (4 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 5,687
 • Density 874.9/sq mi (336.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36572
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-68352
GNIS feature ID 0126426

Satsuma is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 5,687. Known prior to 1915 as Fig Tree Island, the city was named after the Satsuma orange, which was successfully cultivated and grown in Alabama starting in 1878, a gift from Meiji, Japan. Satsuma is a part of the Mobile metropolitan statistical area.


Satsuma is located at 30°51′16″N 88°3′16″W / 30.85444°N 88.05444°W / 30.85444; -88.05444 (30.854518, -88.054415).[1]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.5 square miles (17 km2), of which, 6.5 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 0.15% is water.


The area was inhabited for thousands of years by differing cultures of indigenous peoples.

  • 1878 Farmers introduced Mandarin Satsuma oranges to Alabama from Japan for cultivation
  • 1900 Satsuma area known as Fig Tree Island
  • 1910 Pace Orange Orchard had about 100 acres (0.40 km2) of pecans and satsuma trees on the area
  • 1915 Town named "Satsuma"
  • 1918 Mr. Norman E. McConaghy hired as manager of the Satsuma Orange & Pecan Groves Company.
  • 1922 Packing house built; still stands above Mac's Landing
  • 1912-1924 Satsuma trees damaged by cold weather and citrus canker
  • 1959 Plans for a Town Charter submitted to the County of Mobile and the State of Alabama were approved. April 6, 1959 was the first municipal election.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 1,491
1970 2,035 36.5%
1980 3,822 87.8%
1990 5,194 35.9%
2000 5,687 9.5%
2010 6,168 8.5%
Est. 2013 6,156 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
2013 Estimate[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,687 people, 2,017 households, and 1,688 families residing in the city. The population density was 873.1 people per square mile (337.3/km²). There were 2,107 housing units at an average density of 323.5 per square mile (125.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.72% White, 5.05% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,017 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,496, and the median income for a family was $53,180. Males had a median income of $39,123 versus $24,851 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,972. About 4.7% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.


Satsuma is served by the Satsuma City School System, following the successful separation from the Mobile County Public School System in 2012.

Satsuma voted on April 12, 2011 to create its own school system.[5] The Satsuma City School System is served by two schools, Robert E. Lee Elementary (K-6) and Satsuma High School (7-12).

Education before the Separation from Mobile[edit]

Before the Satsuma City School System was founded, the schools that served Satsuma included Robert E. Lee Primary School (Kindergarten through 2), Robert E. Lee Intermediate School (3 through 5), North Mobile County Middle School (6-8), Satsuma High School (9-12). Lee Primary, Lee Intermediate, and Satsuma High were in the city of Satsuma, while North Mobile County Middle was in Axis.[6]

Before the Saraland City Schools system formed, Satsuma residents attended Adams Middle School in Saraland. In 2003,[6] officials of Satsuma, Saraland, and Chickasaw contemplated forming the "Delta School District."[7] Such a split would have required an act from the Alabama Legislature.[6] In June 2006, the City of Saraland voted to break away from the Mobile County Public School System and form its own school system.[8] On September 7, 2010 North Mobile County Middle School opened, replacing the role of Adams Middle School in Saraland, because residents outside of Saraland are no longer zoned to Adams Middle.[9] In 2010 the City of Satsuma began conducting a study on whether it can split from the Mobile County school system. Tom Williams, a council member of Satsuma, said he began considering splitting once Mobile County decided to situate the new middle school in Axis, 12 miles (19 km) from Satsuma, since students have longer bus rides to the school and that the school is further away from fire and police stations.[6]


  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Busby, Renee. "Satsuma residents approve tax for new public school system". Press-Register. 
  6. ^ a b c d Phillips, Rena Havner. "Satsuma mulls split from Mobile County schools." Mobile Press-Register. Tuesday October 5, 2010. Retrieved on October 22, 2010.
  7. ^ Philips, Rena Havner. "Chickasaw officials to examine possible school split", Mobile Press-Register. 27 March 2009, . Retrieved on March 31, 2009
  8. ^ "Education." Saraland Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved on October 22, 2010.
  9. ^ Phillips, Rena Havner. "Video: North Mobile County Middle School opens its doors in Axis." Mobile Press-Register. Tuesday September 7, 2010. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "North Mobile County Middle School students 6th grader Derrick Boykin, 12, and 7th grader Amanda Daniels, 12, walk down a sidewalk on the first day of classes at the school Tuesday, Sept. 7, 2010. The newly completed $14 million school was built to accommodate students displaced by Saraland's split from the Mobile County system. "

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