Satsumasendai, Kagoshima

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Satsumasendai
薩摩川内市
Satsumasendai montage.png
Flag of Satsumasendai
Official seal of Satsumasendai
Location of Satsumasendai in Kagoshima Prefecture
Location of Satsumasendai in Kagoshima Prefecture
Satsumasendai is located in Japan
Satsumasendai
Satsumasendai
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°49′N 130°18′E / 31.817°N 130.300°E / 31.817; 130.300Coordinates: 31°49′N 130°18′E / 31.817°N 130.300°E / 31.817; 130.300
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureKagoshima Prefecture
Government
 • MayorHideo Iwakiri
Area
 • Total683.50 km2 (263.90 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2017)
 • Total96,411
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address3-22, Kandachō, Satsumasendai-shi, Kagoshima-ken
895-8650
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.satsumasendai.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdJapanese white-eye
FishStream: Ayu
Oceanic: Slender sprat
FlowerLilium speciosum
TreeRound leaf holly (Ilex rotunda)
Photograph of the city.

Satsumasendai (薩摩川内市, Satsumasendai-shi) is a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

The modern city of Satsumasendai was established on October 12, 2004, from the merger of the city of Sendai, the towns of Hiwaki, Iriki, Kedōin and Tōgō, and the Koshikijima Islands (which consisted of the villages of Kamikoshiki, Kashima, Sato and Shimokoshiki, all from Satsuma District).

As of May 2017, the city has an estimated population of 96,411 and a population density of 140 persons per km2.[1] The total area is 683.50 km2.

The city has regular Shinkansen services to Kagoshima City and Yatsushiro.

The city is also home to Kagoshima Immaculate Heart University, founded in 1994, which has a small population of foreign students.

A major employer is the Sendai nuclear power station.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Satsumasendai has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, and is heavier in summer, especially the months of June and July. The average annual temperature in Satsumasendai is 18.4 °C (65.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,429.7 mm (95.66 in) with June as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 28.0 °C (82.4 °F), and lowest in January, at around 9.4 °C (48.9 °F).[2] Its record high is 37.5 °C (99.5 °F), reached on 19 August 2013, and its record low is −1.5 °C (29.3 °F), reached on 24 January 2016.[3]

Climate data for Sendai, Satsumasendai (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
23.7
(74.7)
25.8
(78.4)
29.1
(84.4)
31.9
(89.4)
34.1
(93.4)
36.1
(97.0)
37.2
(99.0)
35.4
(95.7)
32.9
(91.2)
27.4
(81.3)
24.4
(75.9)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
13.3
(55.9)
16.5
(61.7)
21.0
(69.8)
25.0
(77.0)
27.3
(81.1)
31.3
(88.3)
32.5
(90.5)
29.9
(85.8)
25.3
(77.5)
19.8
(67.6)
14.2
(57.6)
22.3
(72.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.9
(46.2)
11.0
(51.8)
15.5
(59.9)
19.6
(67.3)
23.1
(73.6)
27.0
(80.6)
27.6
(81.7)
24.7
(76.5)
19.3
(66.7)
13.8
(56.8)
8.6
(47.5)
17.1
(62.7)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.8
(37.0)
5.8
(42.4)
10.2
(50.4)
14.8
(58.6)
19.6
(67.3)
23.6
(74.5)
24.0
(75.2)
20.7
(69.3)
14.6
(58.3)
8.8
(47.8)
3.8
(38.8)
12.6
(54.6)
Record low °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.4
(41.7)
10.6
(51.1)
16.8
(62.2)
17.1
(62.8)
8.8
(47.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85.0
(3.35)
114.0
(4.49)
156.5
(6.16)
179.2
(7.06)
208.6
(8.21)
506.5
(19.94)
334.0
(13.15)
239.5
(9.43)
231.4
(9.11)
95.2
(3.75)
110.7
(4.36)
105.3
(4.15)
2,368.8
(93.26)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.4 10.3 12.6 10.6 9.8 15.6 11.9 11.4 10.4 7.6 9.2 10.4 130.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 111.3 125.8 159.1 177.5 177.8 107.5 173.2 202.9 172.8 182.0 147.6 120.8 1,858.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][5]
Climate data for Naka-Koshiki-shima, Satsumasendai (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
22.3
(72.1)
25.3
(77.5)
28.5
(83.3)
30.0
(86.0)
32.1
(89.8)
35.2
(95.4)
37.5
(99.5)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
26.6
(79.9)
24.5
(76.1)
37.5
(99.5)
Average high °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
23.9
(75.0)
26.4
(79.5)
30.4
(86.7)
31.9
(89.4)
29.1
(84.4)
24.6
(76.3)
19.5
(67.1)
14.5
(58.1)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.0
(50.0)
12.5
(54.5)
16.2
(61.2)
19.9
(67.8)
23.1
(73.6)
27.0
(80.6)
28.0
(82.4)
25.4
(77.7)
21.0
(69.8)
16.2
(61.2)
11.5
(52.7)
18.3
(65.0)
Average low °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.6
(43.9)
8.9
(48.0)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61.0)
20.2
(68.4)
24.4
(75.9)
25.0
(77.0)
22.3
(72.1)
17.7
(63.9)
12.8
(55.0)
8.4
(47.1)
15.1
(59.2)
Record low °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.4
(38.1)
8.6
(47.5)
12.4
(54.3)
17.2
(63.0)
19.5
(67.1)
13.9
(57.0)
8.4
(47.1)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 103.5
(4.07)
116.0
(4.57)
158.9
(6.26)
208.7
(8.22)
211.2
(8.31)
475.5
(18.72)
302.8
(11.92)
215.6
(8.49)
265.0
(10.43)
110.9
(4.37)
139.2
(5.48)
122.4
(4.82)
2,429.7
(95.66)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.0 10.8 12.6 10.5 10.2 14.5 10.2 9.9 10.0 7.2 9.5 11.0 128.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 87.0 106.3 154.0 180.3 185.2 124.4 186.6 226.7 189.0 187.6 138.8 103.1 1,868.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data, the population of Satsumasendai in 2020 is 92,403 people.[6] Satsumasendai's population has been declining slowly since the census began in 1950, although there was a brief recovery in the 1980s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 150,937—    
1955 146,197−3.1%
1960 133,799−8.5%
1965 119,063−11.0%
1970 104,295−12.4%
1975 99,151−4.9%
1980 102,143+3.0%
1985 108,105+5.8%
1990 106,432−1.5%
1995 106,737+0.3%
2000 105,464−1.2%
2005 102,370−2.9%
2010 99,558−2.7%
2015 96,076−3.5%
2020 92,403−3.8%
Satsumasendai population statistics[6]

Timeline[edit]

From 1889 to 2004[edit]

  • April 1, 1889 - municipal status enforcement.
    • Satsuma District : the villages of Kumanojō, Takae, Nagatoshi, Hirasa, Kami-Tōgō, Shimo-Tōgō, Hiwaki and Iriki.
    • Taki District : the villages of Taki and Mizuhiki.
    • Minami-Isa District : the villages of Ōmura, Kuroki and Imuta.
    • Koshikijima District : the villages of Kami-Koshiki Shimo-Koshiki.
  • March 29, 1896 - The districts of Taki, Minami-Isa and Koshikijima were merged into Satsuma District.
  • May 20, 1929 - The villages of Kumanojō, Hirasa and Higashi-Mizuhiki were merged to become town of Sendai.
  • July 1, 1933 - The village of Nishimizuhiki was renamed to Mizuhiki.
  • February 11, 1940 - the town of Sendai was elevated city status to become the city of Sendai.
  • November 10, 1940 - The village of Hiwaki was elevated to town status to become the town of Hiwaki.
  • October 1, 1948 - The village of Iriki was elevated to town status to become the town of Iriki.
  • April 1, 1951 - The village of Mizuhiki was merged into the city of Sendai.
  • December 1, 1952 - The village of Kami-Tōgō was elevated to town status to become the town of Tōgō.
  • April 1, 1955 - The villages of Ōmura, Kuroki and Imuta were merged to become the town of Kedōin.
  • September 30, 1956 - The villages of Takae and Nagatoshi were merged into the city of Sendai.
  • April 1, 1957
    • Part of Shimo-Tōgō was merged into the town of Tōgō and the village of Taki (respectively).
    • Remainder of Shimo-Tōgō was merged into the city of Sendai.
  • January 1, 1960 - The village of Taki was elevated to town status to become the town of Taki.
  • April 15, 1965 - The town of Taki was merged into city of Sendai.

Satsumasendai (After 2004)[edit]

Festivals[edit]

  • Sendai Otsunahiki
  • Sendai River Fireworks Festival

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Friendship cities[edit]

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

Former railway line
  • Japan National Railway
    • Miyanojo Line(1924-1987)
      • Sendai Station - Satsuma-Shirahama Station - Kusumoto Station - Yoshinoyama Station - Hiwaki Station - Kamihiwaki Station - Iriki Station

Roads[edit]

Highways
National Highway

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website of Satsumasendai City" (in Japanese). Japan: Satsumasendai City. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 26, 2022.
  3. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 26, 2022.
  4. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  5. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  6. ^ a b Satsumasendai population statistics
  7. ^ 友好都市 - Satsumasendai City

External links[edit]