Satu Mare Swabians
The Satu Mare Swabians or Sathmar Swabians (German: Sathmarer Schwaben) are a German ethnic group in the Satu Mare region of Romania. They are one of the few Danube Swabian subgroups that are actually Swabian, and their dialect, Sathmar Swabian, is similar to other varieties of Swabian.
Most were originally farmers in Upper Swabia who came to Partium (at the time Hungary, now Romania) during the East Colonisation in the 1700s. Their principal settlements were Satu Mare (Sathmar), Carei (Karol), Petrești (Petrifeld), and Foieni (Fienen), and they also inhabited Urziceni (Schinal), Căpleni (Kaplau), Tiream (Terem), Beltiug (Bildegg), Ciumești (Schamagosch), and Ardud (Erdeed).
After the Second World War, many evacuated, migrated or were expelled to Germany. Those that remain in Romania, along with other German-speaking groups in Romania, are represented in politics by the DFDR (Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania).
- Monica Barcan, Adalbert Millitz, The German Nationality in Romania (1978), page 42: "The Satu Mare Swabians are true Swabians, their place of origin being Wurttemberg. They were colonized between 1712 and 1815. Their most important settlements are Satu Mare/Sathmar and Petresti/Petrifeld in North- West Romania."
- Jacob Steigerwald, Tracing Romania's heterogeneous German minority from its origins to the Diaspora (1985), page 14: "Since the final stages of WWII, Romania has not been the only country where substantial groups of Sathmar Swabians can be found. For over thirty-five years now, there has been a growing community of Sathmar Swabians in West Germany also."
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