Micromeria douglasii

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Clinopodium douglasii
Yerba Buena - Clinopodium douglasii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Clinopodium
Species: C. douglasii
Binomial name
Clinopodium douglasii
(Benth.) Kuntze [1]
Synonyms

Micromeria chamissonis (Benth.) Greene
Satureja chamissonis (Benth.) Briq.
Satureja douglasii (Benth.) Briq.

Clinopodium douglasii, or yerba buena,[1] is a rambling aromatic herb of western and northwestern North America, ranging from maritime Alaska southwards to California.[2] The plant takes the form of a sprawling, mat-forming perennial, and is especially abundant close to the coast.[3] The name "yerba buena" derives from Spanish for "good herb" and is applied to various other plants.

Molecular evidence places the species within the Clinopodium complex rather than Micromeria.[4]

Name[edit]

The plant's most common name, "yerba buena", the same in English and Spanish, is an alternate form of the Spanish hierba buena (meaning "good herb"). The name was bestowed by Catholic missionaries of Alta California after native people indroduced them to it. It was so abundant there that its name was also applied to the settler's town adjacent to Mission San Francisco de Asís. In 1846, the town of Yerba Buena was seized by the United States during the Mexican–American War, and its name was changed in 1847 to San Francisco, after a nearby mission. Three years later, the name was applied to a nearby rocky island; today millions of commuters[5] drive through the tunnel on Yerba Buena Island that connects the spans of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge. Yerba buena is also used as a common name for other plants with aromatic foliage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Online link to The Jepson Manual eFlora = http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=80483 accessed 09 March 2016
  2. ^ "PLANTS Profile for Clinopodium douglasii (yerba buena)". NRCS PLANTS database. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  3. ^ Wood, Michael (2003-09-01). "Focus on Rarities, Yerba Buena Chapter, CNPS (Satureja douglasii)". CNPS Yerba Buena Chapter website. California Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2007-12-19. Website structure doesn't require navigation to the linked index page and then selection of the 'Yerba buena' article 
  4. ^ Bräuchler, C, et al. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2010 May;55(2):501-23 Molecular phylogeny of Menthinae (Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae, Mentheae) --Taxonomy, biogeography and conflicts
  5. ^ As of March 2015, 270,000 vehicles a day http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/esc/tollbridge/SFOBB/Sfobbfacts.html

External links[edit]