Saturn (detachment)

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OSN Saturn
OSN Saturn.png
Active April 29, 1992
Country  Russia
Branch Federal Penitentiary Service
Type Special police
Role Law enforcement in detention facilities
Garrison/HQ Moscow, Russia
Boris Nikolaev

OSN Saturn (ОСН Сатурн УФСИН России по г. Москве; Otdel Spetsialnogo Naznacheniya Saturn) is the Moscow department of the Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN) special purpose unit. Saturn was formed in April 1992 as a part of the Moscow Department of Punishment Execution (UIN) under the Ministry of the Interior. In 2006, the UIN system (including all regional departments and special purpose units) was renamed the Federal Penitentiary Service, and was moved from the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Interior to the Russian Ministry of Justice. The Saturn unit is also often called "Jail Spetsnaz".


Current duties:

  • Preventing crimes in Moscow detention facilities
  • Anti-riot actions in detention facilities
  • Search and arrest of escaped criminals
  • Securing special operations
  • Hostage rescue in detention facilities
  • Counter-terrorism actions in detention facilities
  • Personal security for Ministry of Justice and court officials


The Saturn unit participated in the First Chechen War, including the storming of Grozny in December 1994-January 1995, and in the Second Chechen War.[citation needed]

In summer 2000, Saturn officers protected PACE delegates during their visit to the Chechen Republic.[citation needed]

Saturn participated in the hostage rescue operation in Kapotnya investigative isolation ward №9 on September 2006.[citation needed]

It provided protection and convoy support during both Mikhail Khodorkovsky cases.[citation needed]

Saturn provide illegals program agent protection in Moscow.[citation needed]


  • Airborne training
  • Marksmanship
  • Hand-to-hand combat and knife fighting
  • Psychological warfare
  • Weapons handling
  • Rappelling
  • Anti-riot actions



  • KAMAZ 43269 Vistrel
  • Ford E-series armored prisoners van
  • Armored Volkswagen T5 Transporter TDI
  • KAMAZ-43114
  • Toyota Land Cruiser 100
  • Nissan Patrol GR (Y60)
  • VAZ-2131 Niva
  • GAZ-2217 Barguzin passenger van


Saturn officer with a silenced 9A-91 carbine assault rifle

See also[edit]

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