Satyanarayan Puja

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Bengali religious print circa 1940 of Satyanarayana puja with devotees and priest around.

The Satyanarayanã Puja is a religious ritual worship of the Hindu god Vishnu.

The puja is described in the Skanda Purana,[1] a medieval era Sanskrit text.[2][3] According to Madhuri Yadlapati, the Satyanarayana Puja is an archetypal example of how "the Hindu puja facilitates the intimacy of devotional worship while enabling a humble sense of participating gratefully in a larger sacred world".[4]

The Puja[edit]

The puja narrates the Satyanarayana Katha, which dictates the various worldly and spiritual benefits the puja brings to performers. The Katha states how the deity Narayana vows to aid his devotees during Kali Yuga, the last of the four ages in Hindu cosmology, in particular the performers and attendees of the Satyanarayana Puja. The Katha narrates that the performance of the puja is in itself a promise to God, and recounts the plights of characters who either fail to complete the puja or forget their promises.[1]

A painting of Narayana (Viṣṇu) seated on lotus.

Items needed for puja[edit]

The following is a list of items needed for the puja.[5][6][7][8]

  • Haldi (turmeric powder)
  • Kumkum (red, vermillion or sindoor)
  • Navadhanya (nine types of grains each representing one of the navagraha, nine planets)
  • Naivedhya (food which we offer to God)
  • Incense sticks (agarbattis)
  • Camphor
  • Sandal paste
  • A photo framed picture of Lord Satyanarayana
  • A small idol (or coin) of Lord Satyanarayana (optional)
  • Wheat or Jawar (not rice)
  • Grass
  • Betel leaves (100)
  • Betel nuts (50)
  • Coins (40)
  • Dry Dates/Almonds (50)
  • Coconuts (8)
  • Flowers, Tulasi leaves
  • Garland and floral garlands
  • Two jars (Silver, Copper, Brass, or even earthen) – one for Kalash and another for the ritual
  • Two flat plates
  • A bell
  • A large pidha table (for use as Altar)
  • A large yellow cloth (to cover the Altar) pit is the favorite color or Satnarayan, he wears pitambar or yellow clothes
  • A piece of yellow or red cloth (for the Kalash)
  • A ghee lamp (with at least three wicks)
  • An oil lamp
  • Cotton wicks
  • Panchamrita (uncooked mixture of milk, yogurt, honey, sugar, and ghee)

Good to have

  • Conch shell
  • One thousand Tulasi (Indian Basil) leaves.
  • Tulasi manjari (flower of tulasi)
  • Banana tree/leaves as a canopy
  • White tila two tablespoons (White tila or white sesame seeds is favorite of Lord Satnarayan. Rose is his preferred flower)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Yadlapati, Madhuri M. (2013). Against Dogmatism: Dwelling in Faith and Doubt. University of Illinois Press. pp. 30–32.
  2. ^ Richard D. Mann (2011). The Rise of Mahāsena. BRILL. p. 187. ISBN 9789004218864.
  3. ^ Hans Bakker, ed. (2004). "Three Chapters of Saiva Material Added to the Earliest Known Recension of the Skanda Purana". Origin and Growth of the Purāṇic Text Corpus. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 1–3. ISBN 9788120820494.
  4. ^ Yadlapati 2013, p. 34.
  5. ^ "Satyanarayana Puja".
  6. ^ "Shri Satyanarayana Vrat Puja Items | Special Shri Satyanarayana Vrat Puja Samagri".
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Satyanarayana Swamy Pooja Procedure".

Further reading[edit]

  • Thousand Names of Vishnu and Satyanarayan Vrat (ISBN 1-877795-51-8) by Swami Satyananda Saraswati, Devi Mandir.

External links[edit]