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The Satyasiddhi school of Buddhism (Chinese: 成實宗; pinyin: Chéngshí zōng; Japanese pronunciation: Jōjitsu-shū) was based on the text known as the *Tattvasiddhi (Chinese: 成實論; Japanese pronunciation: Jōjitsu-ron) authored by the Indian master Harivarman (250-350). This treatise possibly arose during the first half of the fourth century, only surviving in its translation by Kumārajīva.

Its main initial expounders in China were called the "Three Great Masters of the Liang dynasty": Sengmin (僧旻, 467–527), Zhizang (智蔵) (458–522) and Fayun (法雲, 467–529). The three of them in turn received instructions in this treatise from the monk Huici (慧次, 434–490). The three of them also possibly influenced the writing of the Sangyō Gisho, a sutra commentary supposedly authored by Prince Shōtoku.

It was supposedly introduced to Japan as Jōjitsu in 625.

See also[edit]


  • Rahder, Johannes. "Harivarman's Satyasiddhi-sastra". Philosophy East & West, V. 5 (January, 1956) p. 348.
  • Takakusu, Junjiro. "The Essentials of buddhist philosophy". Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 2002, pg. 74 ISBN 81-208-1592-0
  • Shih, Chang-Qing. "The two truths in chinese buddhism". Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 2004, pg 284 ISBN 81-208-2035-5