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|Born||27 November 1973|
|Died||27 November 2003 (aged 30)|
|Cause of death||Assassination|
|Education||B. Tech (Civil 1994), M. Tech (Civil 1996)|
|Alma mater||IIT Kanpur|
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (now Indian Institute of Technology, BHU)
|Employer||Govt. of India|
|Organization||IES, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways|
|Known for||Killed for exposing corruption in NHAI project[dubious ]|
|Exposed corruption in Government system|
|Home town||Siwan District|
Satyendra Dubey (1973–2003) was an Indian Engineering Service (IES) officer. He was the Project Director in the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) at Koderma. He was murdered in Gaya, Bihar after fighting corruption in the Golden Quadrilateral highway construction project.
Satyendra Dubey, the son of Bageshwari Dubey and Phulamati Devi, was born at the village of Sahpur in the Siwan district of Bihar, India. The family of 10 children eight girls and two boys subsisted on a small piece of land, and Bageshwari also held a low-paying clerical position in a nearby sugar mill. Until the age of 15 he studied at the Ganga Baksh Kanodiya High School in Shahpur and then joined junior college at Allahabad, about three hundred kilometres away. Satyendra was the topper of the state in 10th and 12th board exams. He gained admission to the Civil Engineering Department of IIT Kanpur in 1990 and graduated in 1994. He would subsequently complete his M. Tech (Civil Engg.) from the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (now Indian Institute of Technology, BHU)  in 1996.
After his masters, Satyendra joined the Indian Engineering Service (IES) and in July 2002, went on deputation to the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). Dubey became the Project Director at Koderma, Jharkhand, responsible for managing a part of the Aurangabad-Barachatti section of National Highway 2 (The Grand Trunk Road). This highway was part of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) Corridor Project, the Prime Minister's initiative, which aimed to connect many of the country's major cities by four-lane limited-access highways totalling 14,000 km, at an overall cost more than US$10 billion. During this period, Dubey got the contractor of the project to suspend three of his engineers after exposing serious financial irregularities. At one point, he had the contractor rebuild six kilometres of under-quality road, a huge loss for the road contract mafia.
Murder and aftermath
On 27 November 2003, Dubey was returning from a wedding in Varanasi, and called his driver to meet him at the station. He reached Gaya railway station at three in the morning, and found that the car was not able to come because of a battery malfunction. It appears that at this point Dubey decided to take a rickshaw home. When he didn’t reach home, his driver went to look for him and found him dead by the side of the road in the suburb of A.P. Colony. He had been shot. The news ignited tremendous public hue and cry. The matter was raised in Parliament, and the Prime Minister shifted the onus of investigation from the Bihar Police (who might themselves be implicated), to the CBI.
The CBI registered a case against unknown persons under 120-B (criminal conspiracy) and 302 (murder) of Indian Penal Code and various provision under the Arms Act on 14 December 2003.
In early investigations, the CBI interrogated the rickshaw puller Pradeep Kumar who was caught using Dubey's stolen cell phone. The mobile phone had been switched off for about a fortnight after the murder, but then Kumar called his 'second wife' in Kolkata, following which the CBI traced the rickshaw puller to his slum in Gaya. Although Kumar had a criminal history in similar cases of robbery, it appears he was released after interrogation, and could not be traced a month later. Two other suspects, Sheonath Sah and Mukendra Paswan, were questioned by the CBI. They were found dead from poisoning on 1 February 2004, within 25 hours of the CBI questioning. Sah's father lodged an FIR against the CBI with the Bihar Police, but CBI Director Umashanker Mishra called their deaths a suicide in a press meeting a few days later. The CBI later arrested four persons, Uday Mallah, Mantu Kumar, Tutu Kumar and Babloo, all belonging to Katari village of Gaya on 6 June 2004. On 13 June, the CBI arrested another accused Sarvan Paswan. In conclusion of its investigations, CBI arraigned four persons on 3 September 2004. Based on testimony by Pradeep Kumar, who was his rickshaw puller, the event was presented as an attempted robbery. Because Satyendra put up a fight about giving up his briefcase, he was shot. The person accused of actually shooting Dubey with a country-made pistol was Mantu Kumar, son of Lachhu Singh, of Village Katari, Gaya district. Accomplices with him included Uday Kumar, Pinku Ravidas and Shravan Kumar.
Mantu Kumar was arrested from near his home in Panchayatee khada in Gaya. He had apparently been living in Gaya town and working as a rickshawpuller. On 19 September 2005, while the case was being heard in Patna, Bihar in the court of Addl. Session Judge, J M Sharma, Mantu Kumar escaped from the court premises, leading to widespread allegations of police complicity. While Mantu was being held at the high security Beur Jail, the invigilation can be lax during such court appearances, and it is a common tactic of the mafia to organise a few policemen to make it possible for the criminal to escape.[speculation?] It was felt that the escape was engineered by higher-ups who may have executed the murder through Mantu Kumar.[original research?] The CBI announced a cash reward of Rs. 100,000 for apprehending Mantu.
CBI Report and Conviction of accused
It is possible that Dubey may have been the victim of a simple robbery during which Mantu Kumar shot him, as alleged in the case filed by CBI.[original research?] However, given the death and disappearance of several witnesses and the startling escape of the prime accused, there is widespread speculation that vested interests may have engaged the criminals who actually pulled the trigger.[speculation?] As for the GQ project, the Supreme Court is currently overlooking investigations into the corruption charges initially raised by the Dubey letter. Several officials have been indicted and a technical team is overseeing the actual construction. Also, as of September 2005, news reports indicated that the law ministry was about to introduce legislation to protect whistleblowers. Meanwhile, on 10 February 2006, a 600-meter stretch of the GQ highway connecting Kolkata to Chennai subsided into the ground, opening up ten meter gorge near Bally, West Bengal. This stretch had been executed as a joint venture between two Malaysian firms RBM and Pati, who had been awarded the contract after global tendering.
More than six years after the murder, on 22 March 2010, a Patna Court convicted three accused Mantu Kumar, Udai Kumar and Pinku Ravidas for murdering Dubey. The court convicted accused Mantu Kumar under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) Sections 302 (Murder) and 394 (Voluntarily causing hurt in committing robbery), and section 27 (A) of the Arms Act for possessing an unlicensed weapon. The other two accused were convicted under Section 302/34 (Murder committed in furtherance of common intention) and 394 IPC.
Awards and Fellowships dedicated to Satyendra Dubey
Dubey's murder drew several protests in India and abroad, especially by the media. Student and Alumni bodies of IITs took the lead in raising this issue. S. K. Dubey Foundation for Fight Against Corruption was founded in the US by Ashutosh Aman (IIT Kharagpur, Satyendra's batchmate) and Atal Bansal (IIT Kanpur) to systematically fight against corruption. IIT Kanpur instituted an annual award in his name, Satyendra K Dubey Memorial Award, to be given to an IIT alumnus for displaying highest professional integrity in upholding human values.
Institute for Research and Documentation in Social Sciences (IRDS), a Non-governmental organisation from Lucknow has been awarding the Satyendra Dubey award for civil services in reverence to his contributions to the cause of fighting corruption.
Awards given to Satyendra Dubey
- Whistleblower of the year award from the London-based Index on Censorship,
- The Transparency International's Annual integrity award.
- The Service Excellence award from the All India Management Association.
- He was nominated for the Padma awards in 2011.
In Popular Media
- On 26 November 2007 NDTV aired a documentary by Mini Vaid on Satyendra Dubey, produced by Ashutosh Aman on behalf of the S K Dubey Foundation.
- Famous Indian musician Rabbi Shergill has dedicated one stanza in his song titled 'Bilqis (Jinhe Naaz Hai)' from album Avengi Ja Nahin to Satyendra Dubey. This song is a dedication to all those who died in vain or while supporting some cause (anti-corruption).
- Indian crime television series, Crime Patrol, dedicated their hundredth episode to Satyendra Dubey on 7 April 2012.
- His story was highlighted in the final episode of Satyamev Jayate.
- Also his story was shown in Savdhaan India of Life OK channel.
- Shanmughan Manjunath: An IIM Lucknow graduate and Indian Oil Corporation employee, Manjunath was murdered by the oil mafia in 2005 when he tried to check petrol adulteration in Lakhimpur Kheri, Uttar Pradesh.
- Narendra Kumar was an IPS officer murdered by alleged members of mining mafia in Rajasthan
- "Training & Placement Cell, IIT (BHU) Varanasi". Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "DNA Syndication article". DNA Syndication.
- "6 yrs on, 3 petty thieves convicted for murder of NHAI whistleblower". The Times of India. 23 March 2010.
- "Veejaypee demands murder enquiry" BBC 10 December 2003
- "Suicides in Indian Murder Case" BBC 2 February 2004
- press release CBI 14 June 2004
- "Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)". Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- GQ: Howrah highway stretch caves in". Indian Express, 10 February 2006
- "Three convicted in Satyendra Dubey murder case". Indian Express, 22 March 2010
- announcement of Satyendra K Dubey Memorial Award, IIT Madras Archived 4 January 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "Express announces Dubey fellowship at IIT Kanpur". Indian Express 24 February 2004
- B4M Reporter. "सीबी सिंह, नौशाद अली, कौशल, विशाल के बारे में सूचनाएं". Bhadas4media. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Dubey gets global award, his family waits for justice".
- Indian Express 23 March 2004
- Satyama jayate Archived 19 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- "1,303 nominations received for Padma Awards 2011". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- Mini Vaid (27 November 2007). "Can you hear the whistle blow?". Indian Express. Retrieved 27 November 2007.
- S. K. Dubey Foundation website at the Wayback Machine (archived 22 January 2008)
- "Speak Up Gun Down" coverage of Satyendra Dubey Indian Express
- Rediff.com's "Truth Silenced" pages on Satyendra Dubey
- Biography of Satyendra Kumar Dubey
- CBI notice of reward for Mantu Kumar
- Remembering Satyendra Dubey
- Crime Patrol Dastak: Civil engineer Satyendra Dubey murder case