Flag of Saudi Arabia
لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله
("There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah")
|Use||State and war flag, state and naval ensign|
|Adopted||March 15, 1973|
|Design||A green field with the Shahada or Muslim creed written in the Thuluth script in white above a horizontal sword, in which the tip was pointed to the hoist-side in the center.
The flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Arabic: علم المملكة العربية السعودية) is the flag used by the government of Saudi Arabia since March 15, 1973. It is a green flag featuring in white an Arabic inscription and a sword. The inscription is the Islamic creed, or shahada: "There is no god but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of God".
- لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله
- lā ʾilāha ʾillā-llāh, muhammadun rasūlu-llāh
- There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God."
The green of the flag represents Islam and the sword stands for the strictness in applying justice.
The flag is manufactured with identical obverse and reverse sides, to ensure the shahada reads correctly, from right to left, from either side. The sword points to the left on both sides, in the direction of the script. The flag is sinister hoisted, meaning that it is hoisted to the left of the flagpole, as viewed from the obverse (front) side.
The usual color of the flag's green was approximated by Album des pavillons as Pantone 330 C, while the color used on flags at United Nations is approximately Pantone 349. At the 2012 London Olympics, Pantone 355 was used.
Because the shahada is considered holy, the flag is not normally used on T-shirts or other items. Saudi Arabia protested against its inclusion on a planned football to be issued by FIFA, bearing all the flags of the participants of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Saudi officials said that kicking the creed with the foot was completely unacceptable. Similarly, an attempt by the U.S. military to win favour with children of the Khost Province of Afghanistan by distributing footballs adorned with flags, including that of Saudi Arabia, ended in demonstrations.
The flag is never lowered to half-mast as a sign of mourning, because lowering it would be considered blasphemous. Similarly, the flags of Afghanistan, Somaliland, and Iraq are also never at half-mast.
The normal flag cannot be hoisted vertically according to Saudi legislation. Special vertical flags are manufactured where both the inscription (the creed) and the emblem (the sword) are rotated, although this is rare, as most Arab countries traditionally do not hoist flags vertically.
The Al Saud, the ruling family of Saudi Arabia, has long been closely related with Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. He and the people who followed him, since the 18th century, had used the shahada on their flags. In 1921 Abdulaziz Abdulrahman Al-Saud, leader of the Al Saud and the future founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, added a sword to this flag. The design of the flag was not standardized prior to March 15, 1973, and variants with two swords and/or a white vertical stripe at the hoist were frequently used. By 1938, the flag had basically assumed its present form, except the sword had a different design (with a more curved blade) and it, along with the shahada above, took up more of the flag's space.
The precursor states to Saudi Arabia were Nejd and Hejaz. The state flag of Nejd followed today's Saudi flag pattern very closely. The state of Hijaz followed the patterns seen in countries like Palestine and Sudan. From 1902 until 1921 a different Arabic inscription was used. One of the primary opponents to the Saudis was the Emirate of Jabal Shammar of the Al Rashid family in the north of the peninsula, until their defeat in 1921.
Flag of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar from 1835 to 1921
Flag of the Emirate of Nejd and Hasa from 1902 to 1921
Flag of the Sultanate of Nejd from 1921 to 1926
Flag of Nejd as part of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd from 1926 to 1932
Provisional flag of the Kingdom of Hejaz from 1916 to 1917
Flag of the Idrisid Emirate of Asir from 1909 to 1927
Flag of the Idrisid Emirate of Asir from 1927 to 1930
Flag of the Sheikdom of Upper Asir from 1916 to 1920
The civil ensign, for use by merchant vessels at sea, is a green flag with the state flag in the canton with a white border. The royal standard is the state flag with the palm tree and swords in the canton.
Royal Standard of the King of Saudi Arabia. (Ratio: 2:3)
Royal Standard of the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. (Ratio: 2:3)
Civil ensign. (Ratio: 2:3)
Flag of the Royal Saudi Land Forces. (Ratio: 2:3)
Flag of the Royal Saudi Air Force. (Ratio: 2:3)
Flag of the Royal Saudi Naval Forces. (Ratio: 2:3)
Flag of the Royal Saudi Air Defense Force (Ratio: 2:3)
Flag of the Royal Guard (Ratio: 2:3)
- "About Saudi Arabia: Facts and figures". The Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington D.C. Archived from the original on 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2016-08-05.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
- Eriksen, Thomas; Jenkins, Richard (2007). Flag, Nation and Symbolism in Europe and America. p. 171. ISBN 9780415444040. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
- UN Map Library
- Saudi Arabia, FOTW Flags Of The World, 19 January 2008. Accessed 13 May 2009.
- Leithead, Alastair (2007-08-26). "'Blasphemous' balls anger Afghans". BBC News Online. Retrieved 2007-08-26.
- "Saudi King Fahd is laid to rest". BBC News. 2 August 2005.
- Firefly Guide to Flags of the World. 2003. p. 165. ISBN 978-1552978139. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
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