Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Saudi Arabia)
|وزارة الخارجية السعودية|
|Jurisdiction||Saudi Arabia and its diplomatic missions worldwide|
|Headquarters||Nasseriya Street, Riyadh|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Arabic: وزارة الخارجية Wizārat al-Khārijīyah) is the ministry responsible for handling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's external relations. The ministry oversees "political, cultural and financial international relations" and monitors the Kingdom's diplomatic relations. It was created in 1930 by a royal decree issued by King Abdulaziz Al Saud, being the first ministerial body created by the King.
At the ministry, the Salafi interpretation of Islam is also dominant as in other governmental bodies and it is used as an alternative foreign policy tool that projects Saudi power across the Muslim world.
While consolidating the newly formed Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz, King Abdulaziz, established foreign diplomatic relations by sending representatives and receiving delegations from various states. In 1926, he established the directorate general for foreign affairs in Mecca. The first director general of foreign affairs was Abdullah Beg Al Damluji, who was also ruler of Mecca at that time. In 1930, a royal decree was issued to elevate the directorate general to the ministry of foreign affairs. King Abdulaziz appointed his son, Prince Faisal, as the first foreign minister. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was formally established by King Abdulaziz in 1932.
Initially the ministry was made up of five departments, namely the private office and the departments of oriental affairs, administrative affairs, political affairs and consular affairs. The ministry began establishing diplomatic missions abroad. The first one was opened in Cairo in 1926 followed by another in London 1930. The number of missions increased from five in 1936 to 18 in 1951 and expanded further after that.
Aside from a brief interjection, Prince Faisal continued to serve even after he succeeded the throne as King. After his assassination in 1975, Faisal was succeeded as foreign minister by his son, Prince Saud. Saud was the longest-serving foreign minister of any country in current political times, The ministry launched a magazine, The Diplomat, in 2007.
The senior officials in the ministry are as follows:
|Adel al-Jubeir||Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Abdulaziz bin Abdullah||Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Nizar Madani||Minister of State for Foreign Affairs|
List of ministers
Ministers of Foreign Affairs
The following is the list of foreign ministers since its foundation:
|No.||Image||Name||Took office||Left office||King|
|1||Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud||19 December 1930||22 December 1960||Abdulaziz (1932–1953)
|2||Ibrahim bin Abdullah Al Suwaiyel||22 December 1960||16 March 1962||Saud (1953–1964)|
|3||Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud||16 March 1962||25 March 1975||Saud (1953–1964)
|4||Saud bin Faisal Al Saud||13 October 1975||29 April 2015||Khalid (1975–1982)|
|5||Adel al-Jubeir||29 April 2015||Incumbent||Salman (2015–present)|
Ministers of State for Foreign Affairs
The ministers of state for foreign affairs served are as follows:
The building of the ministry is in Riyadh and was designed by Henning Larsen. It blends both vernacular and monumental styles of Islamic architecture. Larsen received the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1989 for his work on the building.
Built in 1984, building consists of meeting, conference and prayer rooms, a library and a banquet hall. Externally, the building appears as a fortress that was carved out of a single piece of stone.
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- Rivas, Paul. "Islamic architecture personified by Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Riyadh". The Saudi Gazette. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2011.