Saul Adler

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Saul Adler
Saul Adler. Photograph by Harris. Wellcome V0025953.jpg
Born (1895-05-17)17 May 1895[citation needed]
Died 25 January 1966(1966-01-25) (aged 70) [1]
Fields Parasitology
Alma mater Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
University of Leeds
Notable awards Fellow of the Royal Society[2]

Saul Adler FRS (Hebrew: שאול אדלר) (born 17 May 1895; died - 25 January 1966) was an Israeli expert on Parasitology.[3]

Early life[edit]

Adler was born in 1895 in Kerelits (Karelichy), then in the Russian Empire, now in Belarus. In 1900, he and his family moved to England and they settled in Leeds. He studied at University of Leeds and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

One of his brothers was Solomon Adler, the economist.


From 1917 until 1920, Adler served in the Royal Army Medical Corps, attaining the rank of Captain, serving in the Middle East, where he developed his first taste into research into tropical medicine, which he commenced studying after his military service, initially in Liverpool.[4] In 1921, Adler went to Sierra Leone to conduct research into Malaria.

In 1924, Chaim Weizmann offered him a job in Jerusalem to develop the new Institute of Microbiology. Later that year, he emigrated to Mandate Palestine and started working in Hadassah Hospital, becoming director of the department of parasitology in 1927. In 1924, he became Assistant Professor of the Department of Parasitology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, serving as Professor from 1928 to 1955.

In 1930, in conjunction with Israel Aharoni, Adler had three golden hamsters brought back from Syria and successfully bred them as laboratory animals. Every domestic hamster that exists today is descended from the three brought back from Syria.[citation needed]

In the 1940s he was a leader in developing a vaccine for leishmaniasis using live parasites, a practice widespread in Israel and Russia until the 1980s, when large-scale clinical trials showed that the practice led to long-term skin lesions, exacerbation of psoriasis, and immunosuppression in some people.[5][6]


  • University of Leeds, MB, ChB, Leeds, 1917;
  • Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, DTM, Liverpool, 1920;
  • MRCP 1937;
  • FRCP 1958.



  • He helped find the cure for malaria.
  • A street in Jerusalem is named after him.
  • A room in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem was built in his honour.
  • His portraint appeared on a stamp in Israel in 1995.[4]
  • He proposed that Charles Darwin's 'mystery illness' was Chagas Disease (American trypanosomiasis).[9] Although this diagnosis has now been disproved, this proposal did much to excite interest in Darwin's chronic ill health.


Saul Adler died in Jerusalem on 25 January 1966.[citation needed] His funeral was attended by the President of Israel.

Published works[edit]

  • In 1925, he published Sand Flies to Man, a book on the Transmission of Leishmaniasis.
  • In 1960, he translated Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species into Hebrew.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Shortt, H. E. (1967). "Saul Adler 1895-1966". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 13: 1–07. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1967.0001. 
  3. ^ Daniel Gavron: Saul Adler, Pioneer of Tropical Medicine. A Biography. Rehovot: Balaban, 1997; ISBN 0-86689-045-9.
  4. ^ a b "Adler's Portrait on Israeli stamp and biography". 
  5. ^ Palatnik-de-Sousa, CB (25 March 2008). "Vaccines for leishmaniasis in the fore coming 25 years.". Vaccine. 26 (14): 1709–24. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.01.023. PMID 18295939. 
  6. ^ Handman, E (April 2001). "Leishmaniasis: current status of vaccine development.". Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 14 (2): 229–43. doi:10.1128/CMR.14.2.229-243.2001. PMC 88972Freely accessible. PMID 11292637. 
  7. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1957 (in Hebrew)". 
  8. ^ Telkes, Eva (1998). "Biographical Dictionary of the First Generation of Professors at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem." Bulletin du Centre de recherche français à Jérusalem. Vol. 2, p. 115-125. Online version retrieved 2016-07-01.
  9. ^ Adler, Saul (1959). "Darwin's Illness". Nature. 184 (4693): 1102–1103. doi:10.1038/1841102a0. PMID 13791916. 

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See also[edit]