Saumyendranath Tagore

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Saumyendranath Tagore
Saumyendranath Tagore.jpg
Personal details
Born(1901-10-08)8 October 1901
Calcutta, British India
Died22 September 1974(1974-09-22) (aged 72)
Political partyWorkers and Peasants Party,
Communist Party of India,
Communist Party of Germany,
Revolutionary Communist Party of India,
Revolutionary Communist Party of India (Tagore)
Spouse(s)Srimati Hutheesing
Alma materPresidency University, Kolkata
OccupationPolitician, Marxist theorist

Saumyendranath Tagore (October 08, 1901–September 22, 1974)[1] , son of Sudhindranath Tagore , grandson of Dwijendranath Tagore, and grand-nephew of Rabindranath Tagore, was the leader of the Revolutionary Communist Party of India.[2][3]


Tagore passed matriculation in 1917 from Mitra Institution in Kolkata and became graduate with Hon's in Economics from the Presidency University in the year of 1921.

Communist movement[edit]

He was associated with the communist movement from his younger days and got popular Indian communist personality next to M. N. Roy in the communist world. In 1920, he joined into the 'Nikhil Bharat Chatra Sammelan' in Ahmedabad and befriended with poet Kazi Nazrul Islam and Muzaffar Ahmed. He was the first translator of The Communist Manifesto in Bengali which was published in Langal magazine edited by Kaji Najrul. This type of left wing activities were against the tradition of Tagore family so his father sent him Europe in 1927 but there he met international communist leaders and represented to the 6th International Communist Congress in Moscow. Due to the continuous revolutionary works, British and German government imprisoned him. After returning in India, he was arrested again and imprisoned for almost eight years.[4] In 1934, Tagore formed a party named Revolutionary Communist Party of India (RCPI). But the party was divided afterwards.[4][5]

Literary works[edit]

Saumymendranath Tagore was a regular writer of Kallol group. He wrote articles in French, Russian, German, English and Bengali languages. The books Biplabi Russia, Trayee, Jatri, Rabindranather Gaan, 'Communism and Fetishism', 'Bourgeois Democratic Revolution and India', 'Permanent Revolution', 'Tactics and strategy of revolution' 'Gandhi'(French) are few of them.[4]


Saumyendranath Tagore married Srimati Hutheesingh from an aristocratic Jain Gujarati family of Ahmedabad. She was a student in Shantiniketan and a well known dancer and choreographer who took training in dance in India and abroad. Srimati Tagore's brother Raj N. Hutheesingh married Krishna Nehru, younger daughter of Motilal Nehru and sister of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.


  1. ^ {{Cite web|url=
  2. ^ Dwijendranath Tagore#Descendants
  3. ^ "Tagore, Soumyendranath - Banglapedia". Retrieved 2017-08-23.
  4. ^ a b c Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, 1976/1998, (in Bengali), p. 607, ISBN 81-85626-65-0
  5. ^ Volume 10, Mihir Purkayastha for the ASSC (1995). "Society and Change". Retrieved March 10, 2017.