Shauraseni language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sauraseni Prakrit language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Śaurasenī Prākṛt
Brahmi: 𑀰𑁅𑀭𑀲𑁂𑀦𑀻
Devanagari: शौरसेनी
Region India
Era c. 5th century BCE
Language codes
ISO 639-3 psu
Glottolog saur1252[1]

A Dramatic Prakrit, Shauraseni was the chief language used in drama in northern medieval India. Most of the material in this language originates from the 3rd to 10th centuries, though it was probably a spoken vernacular around the 2nd century BCE in the ancient state of Surasena. Among the Prakrits, Shauraseni is said to be the one most closely related to Classical Sanskrit in that it "is derived from the Old Indian dialect of the Madhyadeśa on which Classical Sanskrit was mainly based."[2]:3-4 Its descendants include the languages of the Hindi Belt, the Central Zone of modern Indic or Hindi languages, the standard registers of the Hindustani language based on the Khariboli dialect.[3]

Jain acharyas belonging to the Digambara sect wrote in Shauraseni. The Ṣaṭkhaṅḍāgama and the Kāsāyapahuḍa are two major Jain epics in Shauraseni.[citation needed]

Relation with other Prakrits[edit]

Shauraseni is said to be the most similar to Classical Sanskrit out of all the Prakrits.[2]:4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sauraseni Prakrit". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b Woolner, Alfred C. "Introduction to Prakrit". Calcutta: University of the Punjab. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  3. ^ http://linguistlist.org/forms/langs/LLDescription.cfm?code=psu