Sauria Paharia people

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Sauria Paharia
Regions with significant populations
              Jharkhand 31,050
46,222 (2011 census)[1]
              West Bengal 3,480 (2011 census)[2]
              Bihar 1,932 (2011 census)[3]
Languages
Sauria Paharia language
Religion
Traditional beliefs
Related ethnic groups
Oraon • Kumarbhag Paharia

The Sauria Paharia people (also known as Maler Paharia) are a tribal people of West Bengal, Bihar & Jharkhand in India. Sauria Paharia are listed as Scheduled Tribe by the Government of West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand.[4][5] They are found mostly in Santhal Parganas.

History[edit]

Link with Oraons[edit]

According to Oraon traditions, when they were driven out of their home in the Son valley, the main group migrated towards Palamu but a smaller group moved down the Gangetic valley till they reached Rajmahal Hills, where they settled mostly in Damin-i-koh. The language of the Sauria Paharias is closely linked to that of the Oraons.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Sauria Paharias are listed as a primitive tribe and have a population of around 30,000 in Jharkhand, with a possible negligible population in West Bengal. They constitute less than 1 per cent of the tribal population in Jharkhand.[7][8][9]

Society[edit]

Sauria Paharias resort to shifting cultivation. They lead family lives.[10]

The Saurias are divided into three distinct cultural groups, namely the Probia, the Bare and the Chete.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State and district-wise Scheduled Caste and Schedule Tribe population for each caste and tribe separately". data.gov.in. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "State and district-wise Scheduled Caste and Schedule Tribe population for each caste and tribe separately". data.gov.in. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "State and district-wise Scheduled Caste and Schedule Tribe population for each caste and tribe separately". data.gov.in. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Scheduled Tribe List Of West Bengal State". anagrasarkalyan.gov.in. 
  5. ^ http://www.jharkhand.gov.in/documents/10179/54299/List%20Of%20Caste%20And%20SubCast%20under%20CNT%20ACT
  6. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, p. 81, Orient Longmans, 1949
  7. ^ "Growth and Distribution of Tribal Population in Jharkhand -1961-2001: A Census Analysis By Shubhangi Thatte". Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  8. ^ "Tribal population profile in Jharkhand state". Archived from the original on March 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  9. ^ "Primitive Tribal Groups and their Population in India as per 2001 Census" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  10. ^ "Sautia Paharia Adivasi". Jharkhand Org. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 
  11. ^ S. N. Ratha; Georg Pfeffer; Deepak Kumar Behera. "Contemporary Society: Identity, intervention and ideology in tribal India". p. 404. Google books. Retrieved 2010-08-25.