Saurichthys

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Saurichthys
Temporal range: Early Triassic-Mid Jurassic
~252.3–164.7 Ma
Saurichthys.JPG
Saurichthys fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Saurichthyiformes
Family: Saurichthyidae
Genus: Saurichthys
Agassiz, 1834
Species
  • More than 30 species
Synonyms

Ichthyorhynchus Bellotti, 1857[1]
Belonorhynchus Bronn, 1858[1]
Giffonus Costa, 1862[1]
Brevisaurichthys Beltan, 1972[2]
Systolichthys Beltan, 1972[2]

Saurichthys curionii fossil
Saurichthys seefeldensis attacking Preondactylus

Saurichthys ('lizard fish') is an extinct genus of ray-finned fish from the Triassic period. Fossils have been found on all continents except South America and Antarctica.[3] Saurichthys was an elongated, streamlined, fish about 1 metre (3.3 ft) long, and looked similar to the modern pike. Its dorsal and anal fins were placed opposite each other well back on the body, and the tail was symmetrical. These features would have made it a powerful swimmer, and it is presumed to have hunted in a similar way to the pike, attacking from an ambush at high speed. Its jaws were extremely long, making up a third of the total body length, and ended in a sharp, beak-like tip.[4]

Fossil evidence, in the form of a bolus of bones in the same strata, indicates that Saurichthys attacked, or possibly scavenged the corpses of fishing pterosaurs such as Preondactylus.

Their closest modern-day relatives include the sturgeons, paddlefish, and the bowfins.

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stensiö, E. (1925). "Triassic Fishes from Spitzebergen, Part II". Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlinga. 2: 1–126. 
  2. ^ a b Cartanyà, J., ed. (1999). An overview of the Middle Triassic actinopterygians from Alcover, Mont-ral and El Pinetell (Catalonia, Spain). In: G. Arratia and H. P. Schultze (eds.) Mesozoic Fishes 2—Systematics and Fossil Record: Verlag Dr. F. Pfeil, München. pp. 535–551. 
  3. ^ Saurichthys at Fossilworks.org
  4. ^ Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 36. ISBN 1-84028-152-9. 
  5. ^ a b Discovery of two new species of primitive fishes
  6. ^ Fossilworks: Saurichthys Agassiz 1843

Further reading[edit]

  • Romano, C., Kogan, I., Jenks, J., Jerjen, I. & Brinkmann, W. 2012. Saurichthys and other fossil fishes from the late Smithian (Early Triassic) of Bear Lake County (Idaho, USA), with a discussion of saurichthyid palaeogeography and evolution. Bulletin of Geosciences 87(3), 543–570.

External links[edit]