Sauveterre-de-Guyenne

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Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Saint-Romain-de-Vignagne Église 02.jpg
Coat of arms of Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Coat of arms
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne is located in France
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Coordinates: 44°41′37″N 0°05′06″W / 44.6936°N 0.085°W / 44.6936; -0.085Coordinates: 44°41′37″N 0°05′06″W / 44.6936°N 0.085°W / 44.6936; -0.085
Country France
Region Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Langon
Canton Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Intercommunality Pays de Sauveterre-de-Guyenne
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Yves d'Amécourt
Area1 31.75 km2 (12.26 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,801
 • Density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 33506 / 33540
Elevation 38–107 m (125–351 ft)
(avg. 82 m or 269 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Toponymy[edit]

Before 1896, Sauveterre-de-Guyenne was better known as Sauveterre-de Bazadais. This Bastide was built in a small village called "Athala" and was first named Salva-Terra (Salvation of the land), which later became Saubeterre and then Sauveterre.

History[edit]

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne was founded as an English Bastide in 1281 by King Edward I of England, in the name of ending rivalries among the lords. He signed the "Charte des Coutumes de la Cité" in 1283, which protected the inhabitants and set the rules of life in the village community.

Structure[edit]

Sauveterre-de-Guyenne is a very well maintained Bastide, having the typical Bastide 'grid' layout.[1] The entry points into the city were through four stone tower gates. The central market square is surrounded by stone houses and the typical arcades on the ground floor, full of shops. The Church of Notre Dame is located at the top of the square.

Population[2][edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 600 —    
1800 545 −9.2%
1806 588 +7.9%
1821 589 +0.2%
1831 734 +24.6%
1836 713 −2.9%
1841 757 +6.2%
1846 830 +9.6%
1851 823 −0.8%
1856 837 +1.7%
1861 850 +1.6%
1866 844 −0.7%
1872 838 −0.7%
1876 849 +1.3%
1881 825 −2.8%
1886 735 −10.9%
1891 786 +6.9%
1896 976 +24.2%
1901 744 −23.8%
1906 799 +7.4%
1911 737 −7.8%
1921 733 −0.5%
1926 730 −0.4%
1931 736 +0.8%
1936 756 +2.7%
1946 695 −8.1%
1954 701 +0.9%
1962 659 −6.0%
1968 1,681 +155.1%
1975 1,557 −7.4%
1982 1,644 +5.6%
1990 1,715 +4.3%
1999 1,793 +4.5%
2008 1,801 +0.4%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "An Introduction to Bastides (PPT), at About The Bastides". John Reps Collection. Cornell University Library. Retrieved 14 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "INSEE - National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies - France". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 20 June 2016.