Sauveur François Morand

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Sauveur François Morand (1697–1773)

Sauveur François Morand (2 April 1697, Paris – 21 July 1773) was a French surgeon.

Biography[edit]

In 1724 he became a demonstrator of surgery at the Jardin du Roi in Paris, followed by service as censeur royal and a surgeon at the Hôpital de la Charité (from 1730). He was later appointed surgeon-major of the Régiment des Gardes françaises (1739) and chief-surgeon at the Hôtel des Invalides.[1][2]

He was a founding member of the Académie de chirurgie (1731),[2][3] and a member of numerous learned societies in Europe.[4] In 1725 he was elected as a member of the Académie Royale des Sciences.[1]

In 1729, while visiting St. Thomas's Hospital in London, he had the opportunity to learn William Cheselden's new procedure for stone cut, the lateral perineal lithotomy, a procedure that involved filling the bladder with water.[2] Whilst in England he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[5]

In a 1766 treatise titled, "Sur un enfant auquel il manquoit les deux clavicules", etc., he was the first physician to describe cleidocranial dysostosis.[6]

Family[edit]

He was son of Jean Morand (1659-1726), who served as chief surgeon at the Hôtel des Invalides, and the son-in-law of Georges Maréchal, first surgeon to Louis XIV and then to Louis XV. His son, Jean François-Clément Morand (1726-1784) taught classes in anatomy and obstetrics.[2]

Associated eponym[edit]

Selected published works[edit]

  • Traité de la taille au haut appareil, 1728.
  • "A dissertation on the high operation for the stone", published in English, 1729.
  • Discours pour prouver qu’il est nécessaire à un chirurgien d’être lettré, 1743.
  • Receuil d'expériences et d'observations sur la pierre; (with François Brémond), two volumes, 1743.
  • Sur un enfant auquel il manquoit les deux clavicules, le sternum et les cartilages, qui dans l'état naturel l'attachent aux côtes. Histoire de l'Académie Royale des sciences, Paris, (1760), 1766: 47-48. (Contains first description of cleidocranial dysostosis.
  • Opuscules de chirurgie, two volumes, 1768 and 1772.[1][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Prosopo Sociétés savantes de France
  2. ^ a b c d Sauveur François Morand at Who Named It
  3. ^ IDREF.fr bibliography
  4. ^ Google Books Histoire de l'Académie royale des sciences
  5. ^ "Fellow details". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  6. ^ a b Sauveur François Morand - bibliography at Who Named It
  7. ^ Morand's spur at Who Named It