Savannah, Tennessee

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Savannah, Tennessee
City
City square
City square
Location of Savannah in Hardin County, Tennessee
Location of Savannah in Hardin County, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°13′25″N 88°14′13″W / 35.22361°N 88.23694°W / 35.22361; -88.23694Coordinates: 35°13′25″N 88°14′13″W / 35.22361°N 88.23694°W / 35.22361; -88.23694
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Hardin
Settled 1820s[1]
Incorporated 1833[2]
Named for Savannah, Georgia[1]
Area
 • Total 6.5 sq mi (16.9 km2)
 • Land 6.5 sq mi (16.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 443 ft (135 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,982
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 7,019
 • Density 1,071/sq mi (413.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code 38372
Area code(s) 731
FIPS code 47-66720[4]
GNIS feature ID 1300820[5]
Website www.cityofsavannah.org

Savannah is a city in and the county seat of Hardin County, Tennessee, United States.[6] The population was 6,982 at the 2010 census.[7]

Savannah hosted the NAIA college football national championship game from 1996 to 2007, and is home to several places of historical significance, including the Cherry Family Mansion.[8]

History[edit]

The city's original name was "Rudd's Ferry", named for James Rudd, an early settler who established a ferry at the site in the early 1820s. Rudd's Ferry was later purchased by a wealthy landowner, David Robinson. The city was renamed "Savannah" after Savannah, Georgia, the hometown of Rudd's wife, Elizabeth.[1]

Battle of Shiloh[edit]

Hardin County was the site of the 1862 Battle of Shiloh (also known as the "Battle of Pittsburg Landing") during the Civil War. The battleground site is 10 miles (16 km) southwest of the city of Savannah. Union General Ulysses S. Grant commandeered the Cherry Mansion just off the city square for use as a headquarters during the battle.

Savannah Courthouse

Pickwick Landing State Park[edit]

Pickwick Landing State Park is 12 miles (19 km) south of Savannah. Originally a steamboat stop, the Tennessee Valley Authority bought the site in the 1930s during the Great Depression and constructed a dam so electricity could be generated. In 1969, Tennessee bought 681 acres (276 ha) from the TVA and made it a state park.[9]

Geography[edit]

Savannah is located just west of the center of Hardin County at 35°13′25″N 88°14′13″W / 35.22361°N 88.23694°W / 35.22361; -88.23694 (35.223674, -88.237011),[10] on the east bank of the Tennessee River. U.S. Route 64 passes through the center of town on Bridge Avenue, Main Street, and Wayne Road. US 64 leads east 30 miles (48 km) to Waynesboro and west 21 miles (34 km) to Selmer. Tennessee State Route 69 leads southeast 26 miles (42 km) to the Alabama border. Florence, Alabama, is 49 miles (79 km) southeast of Savannah via SR 69 and Alabama State Route 20.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Savannah has a total area of 6.5 square miles (16.9 km2), all of it recorded as land.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850466
1870328
18801,006206.7%
18901,0878.1%
1920758
19301,12948.9%
19401,50433.2%
19501,69812.9%
19604,315154.1%
19705,57629.2%
19806,99225.4%
19906,547−6.4%
20006,9175.7%
20106,9820.9%
Est. 20167,019[3]0.5%
Sources:[11][12]
County courthouse dedication plaque at the city square

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 6,917 people, 2,915 households, and 1,862 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,207.5 people per square mile (466.1/km²). There were 3,206 housing units at an average density of 559.7 per square mile (216.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.79% White, 8.56% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.

There were 2,915 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,779, and the median income for a family was $29,771. Males had a median income of $26,311 versus $20,219 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,101. About 20.7% of families and 23.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The History of Cherry Mansion Archived 2013-01-11 at the Wayback Machine., 12 January 2011. Retrieved: 4 February 2013.
  2. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Savannah city, Tennessee". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2018. 
  8. ^ "cityofsavannah.org - Mainstreet". cityofsavannah.org. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  9. ^ "Pickwick Landing State Park". tnstateparks.com. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  12. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]