Save Romania Union
|Founded||1 July 2015 (USB)|
|Headquarters||Blvd. Aviatorilor 9, Bucharest|
|Political position||Big tent|
|Chamber of Deputies|
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The Save Romania Union (Romanian: Uniunea Salvați România, USR) is a political party in Romania. The party was founded following the success of the Save Bucharest Union (USB) party in the 2016 local elections. After being officially registered as a political party in 2016, it united with the local USB and Union for Codlea parties, thus gaining most of its initial membership base from the two latter parties. It is currently the third largest political party in the Romanian Parliament after the 2016 legislative elections and runs on an anti-corruption platform.
Ideology and issues
Dan Barna, the leader of USR, characterized the party as "generally centre-right", leaning centre-right on economic policy and centrist in terms of social policy. However, USR has a substantial amount of both progressive and conservative members. He compared the party with Emmanuel Macron's La République En Marche!, while mentioning that the key difference between the two is that USR predominantly consists of people who have not been involved in politics before.
Since its foundation USR has supported the anti-corruption drive in Romania and the activity of the National Anticorruption Directorate. USR was against the modifications to the justice laws initiated by the government coalition PSD-ALDE and requested the rejection of OUG 13 (see also the 2017–2018 Romanian protests).
In 2018 USR helped and supported the initiators of Fără Penali în Funcții Publice ("No Convicts in Public Office") civic campaign, whose objective is to bar the persons convicted to final imprisonment sentences for intentional offences from being elected to local government, the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate or the office of President of Romania by amending the Article 37 of the Romanian Constitution (which regulates the nomination rules). USR and volunteers collected more than 1 million signatures from eligible voters.
USR's position on LGBT issues is not clearly defined. The party leader, Dan Barna, declared: "Gay marriage is not yet a subject for the public agenda, there is no initiative promoting same-sex marriage. Maybe in 20, 30 years next generations will take care of this problem, but for now, this is not a priority."
However, USR was the only parliamentary party in Romania that did not support the constitutional referendum, proposed by Coaliția pentru Familie (CpF) and supported by the Romanian Orthodox Church. The constitutional amendment proposed to change the definition of family in order to prohibit the same-sex marriage, however it failed, as the turnout was only 21.1%, below the required voter turnout threshold of 30%. USR considered the referendum a way to divide the Romanian people and to distract the attention from the real issues Romania currently faces, such as corruption.
USR supported the inclusion of the Roşia Montană site in UNESCO World Heritage. At the 42nd session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, held in Manama, Bahrain, the government's representative, Ştefan Răzvan Rab, state secretary of the Ministry of Culture, in Bahrain, on June 24 to July 4, asked for postponement on behalf of Romania including the Rosia Montana Mining Cultural Landscape in the World Heritage List until the completion of the judicial dispute with Gabriel Resources, an unprecedented fact in the history of UNESCO. USR Senator Vlad Alexandrescu, under whose Ministry of Culture 2015-2016 Roşia Montană was included in the UNESCO indicative list, accused the PSD-ALDE government coalition of treason, writing in a post on 2 July 2018 on Facebook:
"It is Romania's most shameful moment since being a member of UNESCO. All the other states of the world carry a fierce negotiation these days so that their monuments are included in the UNESCO list, and each success is welcomed with cheers and cheers. In contrast to the civilized world is Romania. The only state that has campaigned for its monument not to be on this list. A state seized by a bunch of villains who do not give a damn about the importance of heritage. All they want is to leave UNESCO in peace with their ideas, to make a crater over Roşia Montană so that they can fill their pockets. Of course, the rest of the states know this, not everyone is as "professional" as our government. And so we will be known from now on, those who sell their patrimony for the welfare of their politicians. What you have done here, members and representatives of the Government, is treason. You have acted so that our patrimony is reduced to a crater in the near future. And this will not be without consequences, I promise you! "
USR supports Romania's membership of the European Union and is in favor of a joint European external policy and military and of Romania's accession to the Schengen Area. While not being part of a pan-European political party yet, USR has had negotiations with ALDE and to a lesser extent with the EPP and the European Greens. USR's hesitation to join ALDE is due to the fact that a Romanian party they vehemently oppose (ALDE) is part of the European party and bears the exact same name.
born – died
|Portrait||Term start||Term end||Duration|
|28 July 2016||1 June 2017||10 months and 4 days|
|1 June 2017||28 October 2017||4 months and 27 days|
|28 October 2017||present||1 year, 2 months and 22 days|
In the 2016 legislative election, the USR party received 629,375 votes for the Senate and 625,154 votes for the Chamber of Deputies, thus becoming the third largest political party in Romania, after the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and National Liberal Party (PNL).
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- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Romania". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Leader of Romanian anti-corruption party resigns". POLITICO. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "Coaliția pentru Familie, motiv de ceartă în USR". 29 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- "USB, USR si Uniunea pentru Codlea au fuzionat duminica intr-un eveniment cu usile inchise" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Nicusor Dan: USR are doua probleme: conflictul dintre progresisti si conservatori si lipsa de colegialitate si de incredere". Stirileprotv.ro. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
- "Fără Penali în Funcții Publice ("No Convicts in Public Office")" (in Romanian). Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "USR: Iniţiativa cetăţenească "Fără penali în funcţii publice" a strâns peste 1.000.000 de semnături ("USR: The Civic Initiative 'No Convicts in Public Office' Collected Over 1 Million Signatures")" (in Romanian). 21 August 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- Referendumul naţional pentru revizuirea Constituţiei din 6 și 7 octombrie 2018
- "Prezența vot". Biroul Electoral Central. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
- "Romanian constitutional ban on same sex marriage fails on low vote turnout". Reuters. 7 October 2018.
- "USR indeamna alegatorii sa boicoteze referendumul pentru familie ("USR Urges the Voters to Boycott the Family Referendum")" (in Romanian). 18 September 2018. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
- "Arhive România în lume - Uniunea Salvați România". Uniunea Salvați România (in Romanian). Retrieved 2018-10-11.
- "Ghinea: USR are discuții active cu partidul european ALDE". G4Media.ro (in Romanian). 2018-06-15. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
- "Nicușor Dan și-a anunțat oficial demisia din USR. E dispus să se întoarcă în anumite condiții". Digi 24. 1 June 2017.
- Oana Popescu, ed. (1 June 2017). "Elek Levente, președinte interimar al USR". AGERPRES.
- G. S., ed. (28 October 2017). "Dan Barna a fost ales președinte USR: Voi lua legătura cu filialele care nu au venit la congres pentru a închide această zbatere în care a fost partidul". Hotnews.
- "HARTA INTERACTIVA & TABEL Rezultatele alegerilor parlamentare: Cum arata harta Romaniei politice — Rezultate zdrobitoare pentru PSD in judetele tarii / Unde a castigat PNL, UDMR sau USR — Alegeri Parlamentare 2016" (in Romanian). HotNews.ro. 2016-12-13. Retrieved 2016-12-13.