Savin Hill (MBTA station)

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SAVIN HILL
Savin Hill station from bridge, November 2015.JPG
Savin Hill platform and glass headhouse in November 2015
Coordinates 42°18′39″N 71°03′13″W / 42.3109°N 71.0535°W / 42.3109; -71.0535Coordinates: 42°18′39″N 71°03′13″W / 42.3109°N 71.0535°W / 42.3109; -71.0535
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Line(s)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Construction
Parking 20 spaces (2 accessible)
Disabled access Yes
History
Opened November 1845 (original station)
November 5, 1927 (rapid transit)[1]
Closed 1926 (original station)
Rebuilt May 9, 2004 - July 31, 2005
Traffic
Passengers (2013 daily) 2,440[2]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Alewife
Red Line
toward Ashmont

Savin Hill is a rapid transit station on the Ashmont Branch of the MBTA Red Line, located at 121 Savin Hill Avenue adjacent to Sydney Street in Dorchester, Massachusetts. It serves the nearby neighborhood of Savin Hill and adjacent areas in Dorchester. Opened in 1845 as a commuter rail station, Savin Hill was converted to rapid transit in 1927 and rebuilt in 2004–05 for handicapped accessibility.

History[edit]

Savin Hill Avenue station in 1923, four years before the conversion to rapid transit
An outbound train leaves Savin Hill in 1967

Old Colony Railroad[edit]

The Old Colony Railroad opened from Plymouth to South Boston in November 1845.[3] A station was built at Savin Hill, located just north of the modern location.[4] In December 1872, the Old Colony opened its Shawmut Branch to Milton, which added local service to Savin Hill.[3] Around that time, the station was moved to its modern location just south of Savin Hill Avenue.[5] The new station featured a brick building on the west side of the tracks and a wooden building on the east side (the Old Colony had left-hand running until 1893, so the larger brick building was originally on the inbound side). The station was served only by local trains on the outer tracks, while express trains used the inner tracks.[6]

Conversion to rapid transit[edit]

After just 54 years, commuter rail service on the Shawmut Branch ended in September 1926.[3] The Boston Elevated Railway, which had bought the line, began converting it into the Dorchester Extension, a rapid transit extension of the Cambridge-Dorchester Tunnel line. Savin Hill, located on the Old Colony mainline, was rebuilt as a rapid transit station as part of the extension. The commuter rail platforms and station buildings were removed.[6] Savin Hill reopened on November 5, 1927 along with Columbia and Fields Corner as part of the first phase of the extension.[1]

In 1934, the Boston Elevated Railway requested the addition of a busway on the west side of the station. Construction on the busway and a pedestrian overpass to the platform began in August and finished in December 1934. Fare control was relocated to the platform level; a platform extension to the south was constructed - without interrupting train service - to accommodate this.[7] When the bus routes were diverted away from the station in 1962, the busway was converted to a parking lot.[1]

Savin Hill station was further modified during the remainder of the 20th century with the removal of the waiting room in the 1970s and a longer platform extension in the late 1980s to allow 6-car trains. By the end of the century, however, it still contained the most original structure of any of the pre-war stations on the line.[8] However, like the rest of the stations on the branch, Savin Hill was not handicapped accessible, placing it in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

2004-05 reconstruction[edit]

The 1927-built station was closed on May 9, 2004, and was completely razed to make way for the new ADA-compliant station which involved adding elevators for fully handicapped accessibility.[1][9] A bus shuttle was run from JFK/UMass station during the 14-month closure, which ended with the opening of the new station on July 31, 2005.[1]

Station layout[edit]

Savin Hill platform, with commuter rail track to the left and Braintree Branch tracks at far left
G Street Level Exit/Entrance, headhouse
P
Platform level
Inbound Braintree Red Line does not stop here (JFK/UMass)
Outbound Braintree Red Line does not stop here (North Quincy) →
Commuter rail track Commuter rail lines/CapeFLYER do not stop here →
Inbound Ashmont Red Line toward Alewife (JFK/UMass)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Outbound Ashmont Red Line toward Ashmont (Fields Corner)

Trains on the Braintree Branch of the Red Line and the Old Colony and Greenbush commuter rail lines run past Savin Hill on parallel tracks without stopping. Nearby JFK/UMass, a busy transfer station, received a Braintree Branch platform in 1988 and a commuter rail platform in 2001.[1] However, Savin Hill primarily serves the local neighborhood and is adequately served by Ashmont Branch trains; adding a Braintree Branch or commuter rail platform would merely slow those trains down.

In January 2012, the state's Central Transportation Planning staff released a conceptual plan for widening the Southeast Expressway which would involve rearranging Savin Hill station. In this scenario, a second commuter rail track would be added and both placed in a shallow cut-and-cover tunnel under the southbound lanes, while the Braintree Branch tracks would be placed in a deeper tunnel. The Ashmont Branch tracks and station would remain in place.[10]

Bus connections[edit]

Savin Hill is not directly served by any MBTA Bus routes. However, the 18 Ashmont Station - Andrew Station via Fields Corner Station route runs on Dorchester Avenue about one-tenth of a mile from the station. This route is the successor to streetcar service which once ran on Dorchester Avenue from South Station to River Street in Milton.[11] The next station to the south, Fields Corner, is a major bus transfer station.

Until the 1960s, four bus routes including the 18 terminated at Savin Hill. However, the M.T.A. desired to build a parking lot at the Savin Hill busway location. In September and December 1962, the 13 and 14 routes were rerouted away from Savin Hill to keep buses off local streets, while the 12 and 18 were combined into the modern 18 route.[1][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Belcher, Jonathan (27 June 2015). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2015" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 2 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 310–315. ISBN 0942147022. 
  4. ^ J.B. Shields (1852). "Boston 1852". WardMaps LLC. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Walker Lithograph & Publishing Co. (1891). "Boston & Cambridge & Dorchester & South Boston". Topographical Atlas of Massachusetts, 1891. WardMaps LLC. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Cheney, Frank (2002). Boston's Red Line: Bridging the Charles from Alewife to Braintree. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 80–81. ISBN 0738510475. 
  7. ^ Boston Transit Department (1935). Annual Report of the Transit Department for the Year Ending December 31, 1934. City of Boston Printing Department. pp. 41–42 – via Internet Archive. 
  8. ^ a b O'Regan, Gerry (2005). "MBTA Red Line". nycsubway.org. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Shawmut, Fields Corner, Savin Hill MBTA Stations". Barletta Companies. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Central Transportation Planning Staff (January 2012). "Improving the Southwest Expressway: A Conceptual Plan" (PDF). Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  11. ^ See 1925 Boston Elevated Railway streetcar map

External links[edit]