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View of the Kamnik Alps from the Big Pasture Plateau
|Elevation||2,558 m (8,392 ft)|
|Countries||Slovenia and Austria|
Southern Limestone Alps|
The western part of the range was named the Kamnik Alps (German: Steiner Alpen) in 1778 by the scientists Belsazar Hacquet and Franz Xaver von Wulfen, after the town of Kamnik (Stein) in the valley of the Kamnik Bistrica River. Its eastern part was named the Savinja Alps (Sanntaler Alpen) or Solčava Alps (Sulzbacher Alpen) by the mountaineer Johannes von Frischauf in 1875, after the settlement of Solčava (Sulzbach) and the main river, the upper Savinja (Sann).
The Kamnik–Savinja Alps are located south of the Karawanks range at the border of Austria and Slovenia, stretching from the Sava River in the west to the Savinja in the east, where the adjacent Slovenian Prealps with the Pohorje range, the Celje Hills at the Dravinja River, as well as the Sava Hills are located. In the northwest, the valley of Vellach Creek (at ) leading to Bad Vellach is the southernmost point of both the Austrian state of Carinthia and Austria as a whole.
The entire main chain is today part of Slovenia. Historically it formed the border between the Inner Austrian duchies of Carinthia, Styria, and Carniola. The tripoint was located at the Carinthia Mount Rinka (Slovene: Koroška Rinka).
Mountains and passes
The most important peaks are:
- Grintovec – 2,558 m (8,392 ft)
- Kočna – 2,540 m (8,333 ft)
- Skuta – 2,532 m (8,307 ft)
- Ojstrica – 2,350 m (7,710 ft)
- Storžič – 2,132 m (6,995 ft)
- Planjava – 2,394 m (7,854 ft)
- Brana – 2,253 m (7,392 ft)
- Carinthia Mount Rinka – 2,433 m (7,982 ft)
- Cold Mountain – 2,203 m (7,228 ft)
- Krofička – 2,083 m (6,834 ft)
- Kalce Ridge – 2,224 m (7,297 ft)
In total, 28 peaks surpass 2,000 m. The total area of the Slovene part is about 900 km². About three quarters of the surface are covered with forest, and many of the higher peaks are bleak and rocky.
The most important passes are the Seebergsattel (Slovene: Jezersko sedlo) between Austrian Carinthia and Slovenia's Municipality of Jezersko, as well as the Pavlič Pass. On the Slovenian side, there is a skiing area, whereas tourism in the Vellach Valley focuses on health spas.