Savva Timofeyevich Morozov

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Savva Morozov

Savva Timofeyevich Morozov (Russian: Савва Тимофеевич Морозов,) (15 February [O.S. 3 February] 1862, Orekhovo-Zuevo, Podolsky district, Russian Empire - 26 May [O.S. 13 May] 1905, Cannes, France) was a Russian businessman and philanthropist.

Savva Morozov came from an Old Believer merchant family. He studied physics and mathematics at Moscow University (1885), in 1885 - 1887 studied chemistry at the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom), at the same time familiarising himself with the organisation of the textile factories in Great Britain.

Influenced by Maxim Gorky he became a significant funder of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party including the newspaper Iskra.[1]

He married his nephew's wife Zinaida.[2]

According to the author Suzanne Massie, in Land Of The Firebird, Morozov had approached his mother and family matriarch about introducing profit sharing with factory workers, one of the first industrialists to propose such an idea. His mother angrily removed Savva from the family business and one month later apparently despondent Morozov shot himself while in the south of France. Morozov died from a gunshot wound in Cannes, France. His death was officially ruled a suicide; however, various murder theories exist. His mansion became the headquarters of the Moscow Proletkult.[3]


  1. ^ Arto Luukkanen (1994), The Party of Unbelief, Helsinki: Studia Historica 48, ISBN 951-710-008-6, OCLC 832629341 
  2. ^ Whims of Fate accessed 17 may 2009
  3. ^ Culture of the Future: The Proletkult Movement in Revolutionary Russia by Lynn Mally, University of California Press 1980