Sawai Madhopur

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Sawai Madhavpur
Madhavpur
City
Hills around the old city and the Ghataliya Balaji temple
Hills around the old city and the Ghataliya Balaji temple
Nickname(s): Tiger city
Sawai Madhavpur is located in Rajasthan
Sawai Madhavpur
Sawai Madhavpur
Sawai Madhavpur is located in India
Sawai Madhavpur
Sawai Madhavpur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 25°59′N 76°22′E / 25.983°N 76.367°E / 25.983; 76.367Coordinates: 25°59′N 76°22′E / 25.983°N 76.367°E / 25.983; 76.367
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sawai Madhavpur
Founded by Sawai Madhav Singh I
Named for Himself
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Sawai Madhopur Municipal Corporation
Area
 • Total 59 km2 (23 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 121,106
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 322001
Telephone code 07462
Vehicle registration RJ 25
Sex ratio 922 per 1000 /
Website sawaimadhopur.rajasthan.gov.in

Sawai Madhopur is a city and Municipal Corporation (Nagar Parishad) in the Sawai Madhopur District in Rajasthan state, India. It is an administrative headquarters, rail junction and market town for the district.[2] Near to Sawai Madhopur is the Ranthambore National Park and Ranthambore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In Sawai Madhopur is the Trinetra Ganesh temple. Guavas are grown in the region.

Location[edit]

Sawai Madhopur is located in southeast Rajasthan. It lies on the northern extension of the Vindhyan Plateau in an area of complex geology.[3] The city is approximately 121 kilometres (75 mi) southeast of Jaipur.[4] To the north of the town is the Banas River.[5] To the east, across the Parbati River, is the large Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh.

History[edit]

Sawai Madhopur was built as a planned city by Maharaja Madho Singh I of Jaipur (1751 – 1768) and is named after him.[6] Construction began on 19 January 1763 and Sawai Madhopur celebrates its foundation day annually.

The Sawai Madhopur Lodge, now a hotel, survives as a relic of the days of tiger hunting. The lodge was built in 1936 by Maharaja Man Singh II (1912 – 1971) and used as a hunting lodge until his death. The two story building is constructed in a crescent shape with a long verandah.[7] Queen Elizabeth of England visited the lodge in January 1961.[8]

Climate[edit]

Sawai Madhopur has a subtropical, dry climate with distinct winter, summer and rainy seasons. The highest temperature occurs between May and June up to 49 °C (120 °F). The lowest temperature occurs between December and January, down to 2 °C (36 °F) The average rainfall in Sawai Madhopur is 800 mm with a monsoon season from July to December when Ranthambore National Park is closed. In summer, the average humidity is 10 to 15 percent and 60 percent in the rainy season. The ideal tourist season is from November to May.

Demographics[edit]

Population growth through the years
Year Population
1991
72,165
2001
1,01,997
2011
1,21,106

In the India census of 2011,[9] Sawai Madhopur had a population of 121,106. Females counted 47 percent of the population and males 53 percent. Sawai Madhopur has an average literacy rate of 79.44 percent which is greater than the national rate of 74.04%. Female literacy (67.98 percent) is less than the male literacy rate (90.09 percent). In Sawai Madhopur, 12.89 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.[10] Tribal groups in Sawai Madhopur include the Gurjar and the Meena.[11]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Sawai Madhopur
Hinduism
  
74.71%
Islam
  
20.11%
Jainism
  
4.38%
Christianity
  
0.21%
Sikh
  
0.39%
others
  
0.2%
Distribution of religions

Most people in Sawai Madhopur are Hindu. Just over 20 percent are Muslim. Christians are very small minority.

Governance[edit]

Sawai Madhopur District Court

The Nagar Parishad of Sawai Madhopur is the body responsible for the town's civil works and administration. The Municipal Corporation is headed by a chairman. Each of forty wards is represented in the Municipal Corporation by an elected member. The Urban Improvement Trust (UIT) of Sawai Madhopur is the government agency responsible for the planning and development of the town.

Sawai Madhopur is one of four Assembly Constituencies within Sawai Madhopur District. The others are Gangapur, Bamanwas and Khandar. Sawai Madhopur lies in the Tonk-Sawai Madhopur Parliamentary Constituency. The political representative (MLA) of Sawai Madhopur is Rajkumari Diya Kumari. The Member of Parliament (MP) from Tonk-Sawai Madhopur Parliament Constituency is Sukhbir Singh Jaunapuria.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Sawai Madhopur is based in agriculture and hospitality. Factors affecting the economy have included the closure of a cement factory and the instituting of regulations protecting forests and the ecosystem. There are no large scale manufacturing plants in the town.

Guava is grown around Sawai Madhopur. In 1985, the first guava in the area was grown on a farm of five hectares in Karmoda Village. In 2015, the retail and the wholesale markets of Guava generated more than 5 billion rupees. In 2015, five thousand hectares of land were dedicated to cultivating guava. [12]

Other products from the region include those used for extraction of essential oils and traditional medicines.

Fairs and festivals[edit]

Trinaitra Ganesh, Ranthambore Fort, Sawai Madhopur

Sawai Madhopur Utsav[edit]

The Sawai Madhopur Utsav is the annual celebration held on the foundation day of the city of Sawai Madhopur on 19 January. It is the day on which the city of Sawai Madhopur was established by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I in 1763.[13]

Ganesh Chaturthi Fair[edit]

The Ganesh Chaturthi Fair is the largest of Sawai Madhopur's fairs. It is celebrated over three days on Bhadav Shukla Chaturthi at the Ganesh Temple at the Ranthambhore Fort.

Dussera[edit]

Dussera is celebrated in Sawai Madhopur for 10 days in the month of October.

Chauth Mata Mela[edit]

The Chauth Mata Mela fair is held in the month of January, at Chauth Mata temple in Chauth ka Barwara.

Culture[edit]

Language[edit]

The languages commonly spoken in Sawai Madhopur are English, Hindi and Dhundhari.

Cuisine[edit]

Typical dishes in Sawai Madhopur include Dal Baati Churma, Gatte ki sabzi, Bajre ki roti and Dal bade. The sweet dishes includes Kharbuje ka laddoo.

Local dances[edit]

The types of dances performed in Sawai Madhopur include the Ghoomar dance, the Sawai Madhopur dance and the Kalbeliya dance.

Cinemas[edit]

The cinemas in Sawai Madhopur include the Sooraj Cinema in the old city, the Prem Mandir in Bazaria and the Prakash Talkies in Mantown.

Places of interest[edit]

Ranthambore National Park[edit]

T24, the largest tiger in Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest national parks in India. It is situated about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Sawai Madhopur. In 1955, it was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary. In 1973, the land became a Project Tiger reserve. The area was renamed the Ranthambore National Park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries.

Ranthambore Fort[edit]

Naulkha gate, Ranthambor Fort

The history of Sawai Madhopur is associated with the Ranthambore Fort. The date of its construction is unknown. The fort provides an oasis in an area of arid land. In medieval times, it was a defence against the forces such as those of Delhi and Agra. In 1296 CE, Rao Hamir held the fort. Notable features of the fort include the Toran Dwar, Mahadeo Chhatri, Sameton Ki Haveli, the 32 pillared Chhatri, Mosque and Ganesh Temple.

Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History

On 23 December 2007, the foundation stone laying ceremony of Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History in Sawai Madhopur, was officiated by Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India. The museum focusses on the environment of the western arid region of India.

Kala-Gaura Temple

Shilpgram[edit]

Shilpgram is Sawai Madhopur's rural artsand crafts complex. It is a living ethnographic museum of the West Zone of India which includes five federal states. Special emphasis is laid on workshops for children on arts, crafts, theatre and music.

Galta mandir[edit]

The Galta temple is an historic Shri Ram-Sita temple situated in the old city.

Education[edit]

Institute of Hotel Management[edit]

On 1 September 2015, the Government of India officiated an Institute of Hotel Management at Sawai Madhopur to develop the hospitality sector and to promote tourism.[14]

Colleges[edit]

  • Institute of Hospitality Management
  • Sawai Madhopur College of Engineering and Technology
  • Government PG College
  • Government Polytechnique College
  • Gulshan College of Nursing

Schools[edit]

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  • Fateh Public School
  • Bright Sun Public School
  • Bachpan play school
  • Royal Alpha English School
  • St. Pauls English Secondary School
  • Mala Morden Senior Secondary School
  • Alpha Senior Secondary School
  • Surabhi Senior Secondary School
  • Shri Namdev Senior Secondary School
  • Agarwal Sikshan Sansthan Senior Secondary School
  • Tiny Tots Society of School and Management
  • Tint Tots Public Sr. Sec. School
  • Tiny Tots Public English school
  • Institute of Hospitality Management of Tiny Tots Society
  • Navdeep Public Senior Secondary School
  • Adarsh Vidya Mandir Uchch Madhyamik Vidyalaya
  • Madam Memorial English School, Bhagwatgarh
  • Adarsh Vidhya Mandir Balika Uchch Madhyamik Vidyalaya
  • Shaheed Ripudaman Singh Adarsh Vidya Mandir Sr. Sec. School
  • Anand public senior secondary school sawai madhopur

Organizations and NGOs[edit]

  • Gramin Shiksha Kendra
  • Dastkar Ranthambhore
  • Princess Diya Kumari Foundation
  • Prakritik Society
  • Access Development Services - works with local farmers and women artisans.[15]

Hospitals[edit]

  • Government General Hospital
  • Gangauri Hospital
  • Dr Ram Singh Surgical Hospital
  • Acharya Memorial Hospital
  • Dr Neerja Batra's Gynae World
  • Sanjeevani Hospital and Fertility Research
  • Dr Pawan Eye Hospital and Research Centre
  • Kilkari Hospital
  • Jyoti Nursing Home
  • Ranthambore Sevika Hospital
  • Garg Hospital and Research Centre
  • Jeevan Surgical Hospital and Nursing Home

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Sawai Madhopur has an air strip for government use. The nearest airport is the Jaipur International Airport 132 kilometres (82 mi) away.

Rail[edit]

Sawai Madhopur Junction

Sawai Madhopur Junction is located on the Delhi to Mumbai trunk route. The city is a stop for many trains, including Jaipur - Indore Super-Fast, Dayodaya Express (Ajmer - Jabalpur Express), Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, Hazrat Nizamuddin - Indore Express, Marusagar Express (Ajmer - Ernakulam Express / Ernakulam Express), Jaipur - Mysore Express, Jaipur - Chennai Express, Jaipur - Coimbatore Express, Jodhpur - Puri Express, Jodhpur - Bhopal Express, Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, and the August Kranti Rajdhani Express.

The Jaipur - Indore Super-Fast connects Sawai Madhopur to the major city of Madhya Pradesh, Indore Junction. There is also a Jan Shatabdi Express train, from Sawai Madhopur to the national capital, Delhi. Other trains include the Kota - Hanumangarh Express, the Sawai Madhopur-Mathura Passenger and the Jaipur-Bayana Passenger. The Kota - Patna Express connects Sawai Madhopur and Patna cities via Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi.

The luxury trains include the Palace on Wheels, the Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, and the Indian Maharaja which makes a stop at Sawai Madhopur on an eight-day round trip to tourist destinations.

Roads[edit]

Kota-Lalsot Highway

NH-116 (Tonk-Sawai Madhopur ) and the Kota-Lalsot Mega Highway pass through the city.

City Buses, Tempo and autos are available for travelling within Sawai Madhopur. Jeeps, Canter and Gypsy are available for travel to Ranthambore National Park and Ranthambore Fort.

Media[edit]

The largest circulated daily newspapers in Sawai Madhopur are the Rajasthan Patrika and Dainik Bhaskar. The All India Radio (AIR / Akashvani) and the local FM radio station, 101.5 MHz broadcast in the city. Programs are broadcast in Hindi and Rajasthani.[16]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Abram D.The Rough Guide to India Rough Guides, 2003. p. 178. ISBN 1843530899
  3. ^ Hironi K. Landuse Planning and Geomorphology: A Study of Sawai Madhopur Concept Publishing Company, 1991. p12 and 17. ISBN 8170223504
  4. ^ Jaipur to Sawai Madhopur Make my trip website, route planner. Accessed 30 September 2017
  5. ^ Jain S. K. et al Hydrology and Water Resources of India Springer Science & Business Media, 2007. p. 353 ISBN 1402051808
  6. ^ Taknet D. Jaipur: Gem of India IntegralDMS, 2016. ISBN 1942322054
  7. ^ Bently C. A Guide to the Palace Hotels of India Hunter Publishing 2011. ISBN 1588439704
  8. ^ Singh R. and Singh K. Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur Roli Books, 2005. ISBN 9351940586
  9. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  10. ^ "Sawai Madhopur City Census 2011 data". www.census2011.co.in. 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Buch M. From Oppression to Assertion: Women and Panchayats in India Routledge, 2013. p. 45. ISBN 1136197575
  12. ^ "Sawai Madhopur Bhaskar". Dainik Bhaskar. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  13. ^ Sawaimadhopurutsav
  14. ^ "Centre sanctions Rs 10 crore for IHM at Sawaimadhopur". Business Standard. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "ACCESS". ACCESS. 
  16. ^ "AIR SAWAI MADHOPUR". allindiaradio.gov.in. 1992.