Sawai Madhopur

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Sawai Madhopur
Madhopur
City
Hills around the old city and the Ghatila Balaji temple
Hills around the old city and the Ghatila Balaji temple
Nickname: 
Tiger city
Sawai Madhopur is located in Rajasthan
Sawai Madhopur
Sawai Madhopur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Sawai Madhopur is located in India
Sawai Madhopur
Sawai Madhopur
Sawai Madhopur (India)
Coordinates: 25°59′N 76°22′E / 25.983°N 76.367°E / 25.983; 76.367Coordinates: 25°59′N 76°22′E / 25.983°N 76.367°E / 25.983; 76.367
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictSawai Madhopur
Founded bySawai Madho Singh I
Named forHimself
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodySawai Madhopur Municipal Council
Area
 • Total59 km2 (23 sq mi)
Elevation
257 m (843 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total121,106[1]
 • Density297/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
322001
Telephone code07462
Vehicle registrationRJ-25
Sex ratio922 per 1000 /
Websitesawaimadhopur.rajasthan.gov.in

Sawai Madhopur is a city and Municipal Council (Nagar Parishad) in the Sawai Madhopur District in Rajasthan state, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan. Ranthambore National Park which is 7 km from the railway station and Ranthambore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site are located near Sawai Madhopur.

History[edit]

Sawai Madhopur was built as a planned city by Maharaja Madho Singh I of Jaipur (1751 – 1768) and is named after him.[4] Founded in 1763, Sawai Madhopur celebrates its foundation day annually on 19 January.

The Sawai Madhopur Lodge, now a hotel, survives as a relic of the days of tiger hunting. The lodge was built in 1936 by Maharaja Man Singh II (1912 – 1971) and used as a hunting lodge until his death. The two-storey crescent-shaped building is constructed with a long verandah.[5] Queen Elizabeth of England visited the lodge in January 1961.[6]

Geography[edit]

Sawai Madhopur is located in southeast Rajasthan. The city is approximately 121 kilometres (75 mi) southeast of Jaipur.[7]

Climate[edit]

Sawai Madhopur has a subtropical, dry climate with distinct winter, summer, and rainy seasons. The highest temperature occurs between May and June, rising up to 49 °C (120 °F). The lowest temperature, generally recorded between December and January, is about 2 °C (36 °F). The average rainfall in Sawai Madhopur is 800 mm with a monsoon season from July to October when Ranthambore National Park is closed. In summer, the average humidity is 10 to 15 percent and 60 percent in the rainy season. The ideal tourist season is from November to May.

Climate data for Sawai Madhopur (1981–2010, extremes 1969–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.9
(91.2)
36.6
(97.9)
42.2
(108.0)
46.5
(115.7)
48.0
(118.4)
48.0
(118.4)
46.3
(115.3)
40.0
(104.0)
40.9
(105.6)
41.0
(105.8)
36.7
(98.1)
32.0
(89.6)
48.0
(118.4)
Average high °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
27.4
(81.3)
33.7
(92.7)
39.3
(102.7)
42.3
(108.1)
40.4
(104.7)
34.3
(93.7)
32.3
(90.1)
34.3
(93.7)
34.4
(93.9)
29.9
(85.8)
24.9
(76.8)
33.1
(91.6)
Average low °C (°F) 7.5
(45.5)
10.7
(51.3)
16.5
(61.7)
22.3
(72.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
24.7
(76.5)
23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
18.4
(65.1)
13.3
(55.9)
9.1
(48.4)
18.6
(65.5)
Record low °C (°F) −1.0
(30.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.5
(38.3)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
15.0
(59.0)
11.5
(52.7)
16.4
(61.5)
14.0
(57.2)
6.8
(44.2)
2.5
(36.5)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.2
(0.28)
6.6
(0.26)
4.2
(0.17)
7.3
(0.29)
11.8
(0.46)
61.5
(2.42)
236.7
(9.32)
263.4
(10.37)
101.5
(4.00)
29.5
(1.16)
11.4
(0.45)
3.5
(0.14)
744.5
(29.31)
Average rainy days 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.1 3.8 10.3 11.2 5.1 1.3 0.5 0.3 36.1
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 45 34 27 22 23 36 62 68 55 41 42 47 42
Source: India Meteorological Department[8][9]

Demographics[edit]

Population growth through the years
Year Population
1991
72,165
2001
101,997
2011
121,106

In the India census of 2011,[10] Sawai Madhopur had a population of 121,106. Females constituted 47 percent of the population and males 53 percent. Sawai Madhopur has an average literacy rate of 79.44 percent which is greater than the national rate of 74.04 percent. Female literacy (67.98 percent) lags the male literacy rate (90.09 percent). In Sawai Madhopur, 12.89 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.[citation needed] Sawai Madhopur's communities include Gurjars and Meenas.[11]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Sawai Madhopur
Hinduism
74.71%
Islam
20.11%
Jainism
4.38%
Christianity
0.21%
Sikh
0.39%
others
0.2%
Distribution of religions

Most people in Sawai Madhopur are Hindu. Just over 20 percent are Muslim. Christians are a very small minority. From a caste standpoint, 44 percent of Sawai Madhopur's population belong to the Meena Community and 12 percent are Gurjar.[citation needed]

Governance[edit]

Sawai Madhopur District Court

The Nagar Parishad of Sawai Madhopur is the body responsible for the town's civil works and administration. The Municipal Corporation is headed by a chairman. Each of 60 wards is represented in the Municipal Corporation by an elected member. The Urban Improvement Trust (UIT) of Sawai Madhopur is the government agency responsible for the planning and development of the town.

Sawai Madhopur is one of four Assembly Constituencies within Sawai Madhopur District. The others are Gangapur, Bamanwas and Khandar. Sawai Madhopur lies in the Tonk-Sawai Madhopur Parliamentary Constituency. The political representative (MLA) of Sawai Madhopur is Danish Abrar. The Member of Parliament (MP) from Tonk-Sawai Madhopur Parliament Constituency is Sukhbir Singh Jaunapuria.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Sawai Madhopur is based on agriculture and hospitality. Factors affecting the economy have included the closure of a cement factory and the instituting of regulations protecting forests and the ecosystem. There are no large scale manufacturing plants in the town.

Guava is grown around Sawai Madhopur. In 1985, the first guava in the area was grown on a farm of five hectares in Karmoda Village. In 2015, the retail and the wholesale markets of guava generated more than 5 billion rupees of revenue. In 2015, five thousand hectares of land were dedicated to cultivating guava.[12]

Other products from the region include those used for the extraction of essential oils and traditional medicines.

Fairs and festivals[edit]

Trinaitra Ganesh, Ranthambore Fort, Sawai Madhopur

Sawai Madhopur Utsav[edit]

The Sawai Madhopur Utsav is the annual celebration held on the foundation day of the city of Sawai Madhopur on 19 January. It is the day on which the city of Sawai Madhopur was established by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I in 1763.[13]

The Ganesh Chaturthi Fair is the largest of Sawai Madhopur's fairs. It is celebrated over three days on Bhadav Shukla Chaturthi at the Ganesh Temple in Ranthambore Fort. Dussera is celebrated in Sawai Madhopur for 10 days in the month of October.

The Chauth Mata Mela fair is held in the month of January, at Chauth Mata Temple in Chauth Ka Barwara.

Culture[edit]

The languages commonly spoken in Sawai Madhopur are English, Hindi and Dhundari.

Typical dishes in Sawai Madhopur include Dal Baati Churma, Gatte ki sabzi, Bajre ki roti and Dal bade. The sweet dishes include Kharbuje ka laddoo.

Popular dance forms in Sawai Madhopur include the Ghoomar dance, the Sawai Madhopur dance and the Kalbeliya dance.

Places of interest[edit]

Ranthambore National Park[edit]

T24, the largest tiger in Ranthambore National Park

The Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest national parks in India. It is situated about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from Sawai Madhopur. In 1955, it was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary. In 1973, the land became a Project Tiger reserve. The area was renamed the Ranthambore National Park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries.

Ranthambore Fort[edit]

Naulkha gate, Ranthambore Fort

The history of Sawai Madhopur is closely linked to that of Ranthambore Fort. The date of its construction is unknown. The fort provides an oasis in an area of arid land. In medieval times, it was a defence against forces such as those of Delhi and Agra. In 1296 CE, Rao Hamir held the fort. Notable features of the fort include the Toran Dwar, Mahadeo Chhatri, Sameton Ki Haveli, the 32 pillared Chhatri, Mosque, and Ganesh Temple.

Chauth Mata Temple[edit]

The largest Chauth Mata Temple is located in Chauth Ka Barwara, Sawai Madhopur. Chauth Mata is the Kuldevi of the Meena community. The Chauth Mata Mandir is located on a hilltop of Chauth Ka Barwada, 35 km from Sawai Madhopur district.

Meen Bhagwan[edit]

This temple, dedicated to Lord Meenesh i.e. Matsyavatar, is located in the town of Chauth Ka Barwara of Sawai Madhopur district. This grand temple built with the support of Meena Samaj of Barwara area of Chauth is equipped with modern facilities.[citation needed] The entire temple is built with white marble. The 108 feet high dome of this temple of Lord Meenesh remains the main attraction for visitors.[citation needed] The temple also houses a dharmshala of the Meena community. The construction of the temple, built without government aid, was financed by donations of 7 Crore rupees by the Meena community.

Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History[edit]

Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History

On 23 December 2007, the foundation stone laying ceremony of Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History in Sawai Madhopur, was officiated by Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India. The museum focuses on the environment of the western arid region of India.

Kala-Gaura Temple

Chamatkarji Jain temple[edit]

Chamatkarji Jain temple is located in Alanpur village. The temple dates back to the early medieval period. It is built in the Pancharatha style with main shrine housing the idol of Rishabhanatha.[14]

Shilpgram[edit]

Shilpgram is Sawai Madhopur's rural arts and crafts complex. It is a living ethnographic museum of the West Zone of India which includes five states. Special emphasis is laid on workshops for children on arts, crafts, theatre, and music.

Temples[edit]

The Galta temple is a historic Shri Ram-Sita temple in the old city. Guavas are grown in the 40 km region around the city. Another popular temple close by is the Balaji temple of Itawa village, dedicated to Hanuman.

Education[edit]

Institute of Hotel Management[edit]

On 1 September 2015, the Government of India inaugurated an Institute of Hotel Management at Sawai Madhopur to develop the hospitality sector and promote tourism.[15]

Colleges[edit]

  • Institute of Hospitality Management
  • Sawai Madhopur College of Engineering and Technology
  • Government PG College
  • Government Polytechnic College
  • Gulshan College of Nursing
  • Vinayak international school

Organizations and NGOs[edit]

  • Gramin Shiksha Kendra
  • Dastkar Ranthambhore
  • Princess Diya Kumari Foundation
  • Prakritik Society
  • Access Development Services - works with local farmers and women artisans.[16]
  • 2nd Inning Naya Savera old age home

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Sawai Madhopur has an airstrip used by private jets. Supreme Airlines has started regular flight operations between Sawai Madhopur and Delhi from 11 April 2018.[17] The nearest large airport is the Jaipur International Airport, 132 kilometres (82 mi) away.

Rail[edit]

Sawai Madhopur Junction

Sawai Madhopur Junction is located on the Delhi to Mumbai trunk route. The city is a stop for many trains, including Jaipur - Indore Super-Fast, Dayodaya Express (Ajmer - Jabalpur Express), Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, Hazrat Nizamuddin - Indore Express, Marusagar Express (Ajmer - Ernakulam Express / Ernakulam Express), Jaipur - Mysore Express, Jaipur - Chennai Express, Jaipur - Coimbatore Express, Jodhpur - Puri Express, Jodhpur - Bhopal Express, Jodhpur - Indore Intercity, and the August Kranti Rajdhani Express.[18]

The Jaipur - Indore Super-Fast connects Sawai Madhopur to Indore, a major city in Madhya Pradesh. There is also a Jan Shatabdi Express train from Sawai Madhopur to the national capital, Delhi. The Kota - Patna Express connects Sawai Madhopur and Patna cities via Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi. Other trains include the Kota - Hanumangarh Express, the Sawai Madhopur-Mathura Passenger and the Jaipur-Bayana Passenger.

The Mumbai-Nizamuddin August Kranti Rajdhani Express halts at Sawai Madhopur for 2 minutes.

Luxury trains include the Palace on Wheels, the Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, and the Indian Maharaja which makes a stop at Sawai Madhopur on an eight-day round trip to tourist destinations.

Roads[edit]

Kota-Lalsot Highway

The National Highway 552 (Tonk-Sawai Madhopur) and the Kota-Lalsot Mega Highway pass through the city.

Media[edit]

The largest circulated daily newspapers in Sawai Madhopur are the Rajasthan Patrika and Dainik Bhaskar. The All India Radio (AIR / Akashvani) and the local FM radio station, 101.5 MHz broadcast programs in Hindi and Rajasthani.[19]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/data_files/rajasthan/table-1.xls[bare URL spreadsheet file]
  2. ^ "Sawai Madhopur City". 24 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Census of India Search details".
  4. ^ Taknet D. Jaipur: Gem of India IntegralDMS, 2016. ISBN 1942322054
  5. ^ Bently C. A Guide to the Palace Hotels of India Hunter Publishing 2011. ISBN 1588439704
  6. ^ Singh R. and Singh K. Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur Roli Books, 2005. ISBN 9351940586
  7. ^ Jaipur to Sawai Madhopur Make my trip website, route planner. Accessed 30 September 2017
  8. ^ "Station: Sawai Madhopur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 689–690. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M186. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Name Census 2011, Rajasthan data" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  11. ^ Buch M. From Oppression to Assertion: Women and Panchayats in India Routledge, 2013. p. 45. ISBN 1136197575
  12. ^ "Sawai Madhopur Bhaskar". Dainik Bhaskar. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  13. ^ Sawaimadhopurutsav
  14. ^ "ALANPUR JAIN TEMPLE". Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Centre sanctions Rs 10 crore for IHM at Sawaimadhopur". Business Standard India. Business Standard. Press Trust of India. September 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  16. ^ "ACCESS". ACCESS.
  17. ^ "Day before inaugural Delhi-Sawai Madhopur flight, police say airport unfit". 10 April 2018.
  18. ^ Sawai Madhopur Trains, Train Running Status.
  19. ^ "AIR SAWAI MADHOPUR". allindiaradio.gov.in. 1992.