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|Elevation||111.86 m (366.99 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Sawantwadi (मराठी: सावंतवाडी) is a taluka (a unit of administration) in the Sindhudurg district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The taluka headquarters is Sawantwadi which has a municipal council, which is a local civic body. Sawantwadi was formerly the capital of the Kingdom of Sawantwadi, ruled by the Sawant Bhonsle royal clan of the Marathas.
Sawantwadi was the former capital of the Kingdom of Sawantwadi during the pre-independence era. In 1947, it merged into the Dominion of India. Border issues at that time with nearby areas of Belgaum and Karwar were prevalent. There were initial plans of making it a union territory as it was a Konkani speaking area, However it was merged with the old Ratnagiri district. (The district was later divided into two districts called Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg). Until the 18th century, the Kingdom of Sawantwadi included a major portion of today's North Goa district (Pedne, Bicholim, and Sattari), as well as modern Kudal and Vengurla from today's Sindhudurg district. Pedne, Bicholim, Sattari were later taken over by the Portuguese as a part of their New Conquest (between 1765 and 1788) and merged with their Old Conquest to form Goa.
Geography and climate
Sawantwadi is located at Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra. It has an average elevation of 22 metres (72 ft) above mean sea level. It is the administrative headquarters of the Sindhudurg district. Sawantwadi is situated on the west coast of Maharashtra, India, and is bounded by the Arabian Sea to its west and the Western Ghats to its east. As a municipal entity, it spans an area of 132.45 km2 (51.14 sq mi), and experiences moderate to gusty winds during the day and gentle winds at night. The topography of the city ranges from plain to undulating, with several hills, valleys and flat areas within the city. The geology of the city is characterised by hard laterite in hilly tracts and sandy soil along the seashore.in the
The city is often used as a staging point for traffic along the Konkan Coast. Sawantwadi has a tropical climate; summer and winter months experience similar temperate conditions, with average temperatures ranging from 27 °C (81 °F) to 34 °C (93 °F). Humidity is approximately 78% on average, and peaks during May, June and July. The maximum average humidity is 93% in July and average minimum humidity is 56% in January. Under the Köppen climate classification, Sawantvadi belongs to the Tropical/megathermal zone and is under the direct influence of the Arabian Sea branch of the South-West monsoon. It receives about 90% of its total annual rainfall within a period of about six months from May to October, while remaining extremely dry from December to March. The annual precipitation in Sawantwadi is 4,242.5 millimetres (167 in).
The most pleasant months in Sawantwadi are from December to February, during which time the humidity and heat are at their lowest. During this period, temperatures during the day stay below 30 °C (86 °F) and drop to about 19 °C (66 °F) at night. This season is soon followed by a hot summer, from March to May, when temperatures rise as high as 38 °C (100 °F). The summer gives way to the monsoon season, when the city experiences more precipitation than most urban centres in India, due to the Western Ghats. Rainfall up to 4,000 millimetres (157 in) could be recorded during the period from June to September. The rains subside in September, with the occasional rainfall in October.
As of 2011[update], Sawantwadi had a population of 47,921, with a 50:50 ratio between males and females, based on the Indian census. Sawantwadi has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 79%. In Sawantwadi, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Due to local language of Malvani, people of whole district are called Malvanis.
Typical households of Sawantwadi follow the norms of Malvani cuisine. On special occasions they eat Vade similar to Puris and Mutton or Chicken, Fried cakes of rice and Udid flour; puran-polis, wheat cakes staffed with gram flour and sugar; and rarely, ladus, sugared and buttered wheat balls. The food of almost all household is rice, Daal, Wheat bread, Curry, vegetables as well as sea food or meat. Besides dried fish usually bought in October, Homemade Raw Mango Pickles, Salted Raw Mangoes, stores of rice, pulse, salt, and red pepper, enough to last from 6 to 12 months, are laid in during March and April.
Sweet & Spicy Poha are special on Occasions of Diwali and Patolya (पातोळया) on Nag Panchami.
Attire varies from traditional Dhoti, Navwari Sarees to Kurta and Payjama, to some extent Pants & Shirt or fashion cloths on occasional basis. In addition to the traditional attire of the city, ornaments are worn by both men and women in Sawantwadi, mainly necklaces, bracelets and earrings.
Arts and handicrafts
Sawantwadi's major works are based on arts and culture, especially wooden crafts, and various traditional arts.
Its lacquerware, an art form was brought to the attention of public by Queen Satwasheela Devi. Local artisans employed in the palace have been in use for making of instrumental production of lacquer-ware furniture, chess sets, board games, candlesticks, fruits, vegetables, and dolls. The price varies by quality.
According to the 1872 census, there were 221 towns and villages or about one village to every four square miles, containing an average of 840 inhabitants and about 197 houses. Of the 221 villages, 36 had less than 200 inhabitants; 57 from 200 to 500; 64 from 500 to 1,000; 41 from 1,000 to 2,000; 18 from 2,000 to 3,000; four from 3,000 to 5,000; and one, Vadi, over 8,000.
Malvani is the predominant spoken language in Sawantwadi. Marathi is state language, spoken widely, Goan Konkani is also understood but not implemented.[clarification needed] Hindi and English are also used in social communication.
Sawantwadi is well connected to other towns of Sindhudurg district and cities of Maharashtra state by MSRTC buses as well as Goa & Belgaum. Private buses, Sharing Rickshaws & Bikes are used to travel locally to connect the small villages to the city. Konkan Railway Corporation Limited's railway line connecting Mumbai to Mangalore, popularly known as the Konkan Railway, passes through Sawantwadi Road railway station.
Near by Railways Station: Sawantwadi Road railway station
The following table gives information about Sawantwadi-Mumbai train route information.
|Sawantwadi Road (SWV)|
|Next 'Small' station towards Mumbai :
|Konkan Railway : Railway (India)||Next 'Small' station from Mumbai:|
|Distance from Mumbai (CST) = 655 km (407 mi)|
|Next 'Main' station towards Mumbai:
|Konkan Railway : Railway (India)||Next 'Main' station from Mumbai:|
Moti Talao & Hiranyakeshi and Shilpgram are located in Sawantwadi, Amboli hill station is situated at distance of 29 km (18 mi). Mahadevgad is known as Amboli point in forest, hills and valleys. Math of Satam Maharaj is at Danoli Village.
Hanumangad nearby trekking point situated in forest of village of Fukeri.
Developing Market Town Banda is situated 12 km (7.5 mi) south of Sawantwadi.
- Bhalchandra Kadam - actor, comedian
- V. S. Khandekar – novelist
- Mangesh Padgaonkar – poet
- Vijay Manjrekar – cricketer
- Sanjay Manjrekar – cricketer
- Vasant Desai – composer
- Sawantwadi State
- Sawantwadi toys
- Sawantwadi Road railway station
- Maratha Empire
- List of Maratha dynasties and states
- "Sawantwadi, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- Ratnagiri and Savantvadi District Gazetteer 1996, Introductory Details
- Devarajan, P. (5 October 2002). "A craft struggles to survive – Amid the sights and sounds of Sawantwadi". The Hindu Business line. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
- Ratnagiri and Savantvadi District Gazetteer 1996, Villages
- "KR station with phone and amenities". www.konkanrailway.com. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
- Sawantwadi Municipal Corporation
- Ratnagiri and Sawantwadi District Gazetteer. X. The Gazetteers Department (Government of Maharashtra). 1996 . Retrieved 15 January 2009.
- Sawantwadi in Google Maps
- Sawantwadi on Outlook Traveller