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Sokna language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Sawknah language)
Native toLibya
Extinct(date missing)[1]
  • Sokna
  • Fezzan (Foqaha, Tmessa)
Language codes
ISO 639-3swn

Sokna (also Sawknah, Sukna; native name: Tasuknit)[2] is a presumably extinct Eastern Berber language which was spoken in the town of Sokna (Isuknan) and the village of Fuqaha in northeastern Fezzan in Libya. According to Václav Blažek (1999), Sokna was also spoken in the oasis of Tmassa.[3]

The most extensive and recent materials on it are Sarnelli (1924)[4] for Sokna and Paradisi (1963)[5] for El-Fogaha. Both articles report that the language was spoken only by a handful of old people at the time, so it is generally presumed to be extinct.

Aikhenvald & Militarev (1984) and Blench (2006) consider Sokna and Fezzan to be separate languages. Blench lists Tmessa and Al-Foqaha as dialects of Fezzan.


  1. ^ Sokna at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013) Closed access icon
  2. ^ "Linguasfera: Tamazic (Berber)". Llengües, Literatures i Cultures del Món, [LLCM] (in Catalan). Retrieved 2015-10-27.
  3. ^ Blažek, Václav (1999). Numerals: Comparative-etymological Analyses of Numeral Systems and Their Implications : Saharan, Nubian, Egyptian, Berber, Kartvelian, Uralic, Altaic and Indo-European Languages. Spisy Masarykovy univerzity v Brně, Filozofická fakulta. Vol. 322. ISBN 9788021020702.
  4. ^ Sarnelli, Tommaso (1924–1925). "Il dialetto berbero di Sokna: Materiali lessicali, testi manoscritti in caratteri arabi, con trascrizione e traduzione". Supplemento All'Africa Italiana (in Italian).
  5. ^ Paradisi, Umberto (1963). "Il linguaggio berbero di El-Fogaha (Fezzan)". Istituto Orientale di Napoli. XIII: 93–126.