Sawtry

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Sawtry
Sawtry is located in Cambridgeshire
Sawtry
Sawtry
Sawtry shown within Cambridgeshire
Population6,536 (2011)
OS grid referenceTL168836
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHuntingdon
Postcode districtPE28
EU ParliamentEast of England
Websitehttp://www.sawtry.net
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°26′N 0°17′W / 52.44°N 0.28°W / 52.44; -0.28Coordinates: 52°26′N 0°17′W / 52.44°N 0.28°W / 52.44; -0.28

Sawtry (/str/) is a village and civil parish in Cambridgeshire, England.[1] Sawtry lies approximately 8 miles (13 km) north of Huntingdon. Sawtry is situated within Huntingdonshire which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire as well as being a historic county of England. The village is home to over 6,000[2] people.

Signpost in Sawtry

History[edit]

Sawtry was listed as Saltrede in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Normancross in Huntingdonshire, containing four manors and 56 households.[3] By 1086 there were three churches and two priests at Sawtry.

During the Dark Ages, Sawtry was divided into three parishes - All Saints, St. Andrew and Judith[4] and originally got its name from the fact that it was a trading centre for salt, an essential commodity in the Middle Ages. The Cistercian Abbey of St Mary was founded in 1147 by Simon de Senlis grandson of Judith of Lens, niece of William the Conqueror who owned land in many parts of Britain but built her Manor in Sawtry and whom the Parish of Sawtry Judith is named after. The abbey took 91 years to complete and ministered to the local area both spiritually and physically. This was demolished in 1540 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries as part of the English Reformation, although traces of the Abbey still remain.[5]

Sawtry is twinned with the Gemeinde Weimar region in Germany.[6]

Government[edit]

As a civil parish, Sawtry has a parish council consisting of fifteen councillors.[7] The village is represented on Huntingdonshire District Council by two councillors for the Sawtry ward,[8][9] and on Cambridgeshire County Council by one councillor for the electoral division of Sawtry and Ellington.[9][10] It is in the parliamentary constituency of North West Cambridgeshire,[9] represented at the House of Commons by Shailesh Vara (Conservative).

Sawtry was in the historic and administrative county of Huntingdonshire until 1965. From 1965, the village was part of the new administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. Then in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, Sawtry became a part of the county of Cambridgeshire.

Geography[edit]

Sawtry is just west of the Fens, halfway between the city of Peterborough and the town of Huntingdon. Other nearby villages include Folksworth, Alconbury, Holme, Yaxley and Stilton.[1] Being situated in close proximity to the A1(M), it is a sought-after location for commuters. It is approximately six miles north of the A14, and a fifty-minute car drive from both Stansted Airport and Luton Airport.

Transport[edit]

The Bullock Road, an ancient droveway, now a byway, runs on the ridge to the west of Sawtry.

The A1M, originally the Roman Ermine STreet, then the Great North Road, runs immediately to the east of the village.

The East Coast Main Line railway runs a mile east of the village.

Ordnance Survey maps from the 1920s show a narrow gauge agricultural tramway running for a mile north east from Sawtry Roughs Farm (now demolished) to an interchange with the then Great Northern Railway.

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

In the period 1801 to 1901 the population of Sawtry was recorded every ten years by the UK census. During this time the population was in the range of 790 (the lowest was in 1801) and 1,393 (the highest was in 1851).[11]

From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War).

Parish
1911
1921
1931
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Sawtry All Saints 818 723 702
Sawtry St Judith 181 186 213
Sawtry 994 909 915 1,113 986 1,749 3,651 4,865 5,568 6,536

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011 by Cambridgeshire Insight.[11]

The separate parishes of Sawtry All Saints and Sawtry St Judith were combined into the single civil parish of Sawtry between 1931 and 1951.

In 2011, the parish covered an area of 6,269 acres (2,537 hectares)[11] and the population density of Sawtry in 2011 was 667.3 persons per square mile (257.6 per square kilometre).

Culture and community[edit]

Sawtry has two public houses: The Bell and the Greystones. It also has an ex-services and working men's club. There is an infant school and a junior school in Sawtry; and a community college (Sawtry Village Academy) which educates many young people from nearby villages as well as Sawtry itself. Other amenities also include the local butchers, doctors, vets, garage, takeaway houses, The co-op, as well as multiple hair and beauty salons to name a few.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of All Saints is the Church of England parish church. Methodist Worship takes place at Sawtry Methodist Church. There is also a Roman Catholic community, served by the parish of St Luke, Peterborough.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 142 Peterborough (Market Deeping & Chatteris) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2012. ISBN 9780319229248.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics - Neighbourhood Statistics - Population and Migration Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. p. 1396. ISBN 0-141-00523-8.
  4. ^ Parishes - Sawtry | A History of the County of Huntingdon: Volume 3 (pp. 203-212) Archived 29 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ A Potted History of Sawtry Archived 1 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Huntingdonshire District Council twinning page
  7. ^ "Sawtry Parish Council: Councillors". www.sawtry-pc.gov.uk. Sawtry Parish Council. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  10. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  11. ^ a b c "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011". www.cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire Insight. Archived from the original (xlsx - download) on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2016.

External links[edit]