Saxonburg, Pennsylvania

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Saxonburg, Pennsylvania
Borough
Saxonburg Memorial Church
Saxonburg Memorial Church
Location of Saxonburg in Butler County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Saxonburg in Butler County, Pennsylvania.
Saxonburg is located in Pennsylvania
Saxonburg
Saxonburg
Location of Saxonburg in Butler County, Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 40°45′15″N 79°48′56″W / 40.75417°N 79.81556°W / 40.75417; -79.81556Coordinates: 40°45′15″N 79°48′56″W / 40.75417°N 79.81556°W / 40.75417; -79.81556
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Butler
Settled 1832
Incorporated 1846
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.91 sq mi (2.35 km2)
 • Land 0.91 sq mi (2.35 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,525
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 1,480
 • Density 1,633.55/sq mi (630.75/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 16056
FIPS code 42-68056
Website www.saxonburgpa.com

Saxonburg is a borough (comparable to a town) in Butler County, Pennsylvania in the United States. It is part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area in the western part of the state. It was founded in 1832 by F. Carl Roebling and his younger brother John A. Roebling as a German farming colony. The population of Saxonburg was 1,525 as of the 2010 census.[3]

The city was first named "Germania" and "Sachsenburg" before its name was anglicized to the present one. After Roebling returned to his engineering career, he developed his innovation of wire rope in a workshop here. He became known for his design of suspension bridges, including the most famous one, the Brooklyn Bridge in New York.

History[edit]

Founded in 1832 by Friedrich Carl Roebling and his younger brother John A. Roebling, the frontier farming community was initially called "Germania". This was changed to "Sachsenburg" and later anglicized to Saxonburg. Roebling had emigrated with his brother Carl and a group of pioneers from Prussia (Germany) in 1831 to flee political unrest and oppression. The two men, along with a handful of a larger group who accompanied them on the trans-Atlantic journey, bought 1,582 acres (6.40 km2) of land on October 28, 1831, from Mrs. Sarah Collins.[4]

After a few years, Roebling left farming to return to his career as an engineer. He developed a way to produce wire rope or cable, and used it in several of his projects, beginning with an acqueduct. He produced the wire rope at a workshop on his property in Saxonburg. He designed several suspension bridges, including two in Pittsburgh and one in Philadelphia. His most famous is his Brooklyn Bridge in New York. The Roebling Museum in the borough maintains several artifacts of his notable career.

In November 1920, KDKA radio, regarded as the world's first commercial radio station, began broadcasting from East Pittsburgh. Later it located its transmitter in neighboring Clinton Township of Butler County.

Nuclear lab[edit]

In 1946, Fred Seitz, head of the physics department at Carnegie Tech, recruited Ed Creutz, Jack Fox, Roger Sutton and Bert Corben to the university to develop an important nuclear physics research program. By June 6, 1946, they had built a leading-edge, 450 MeV proton synchrocyclotron at the Nuclear Research Center near Saxonburg, just south of the city limits. The research program flourished up to the mid-1970s. By then the accelerator had become obsolete and was dismantled. The site was converted to industrial purposes, and is now occupied by II-VI Corporation. As of 1997, only one or two of the original Nuclear Research Center buildings remained intact, including the original laboratory building.

South Butler Street, off Main Street, Saxonburg

Murder of Police Chief Adams[edit]

On the afternoon of December 4, 1980, career criminal Donald Eugene Webb was the chief suspect in the murder of the borough police chief Gregory Adams in Saxonburg. This was the first homicide in the borough's nearly 150-year history and received national attention, especially as Webb was never apprehended.[5] Webb was put on the FBI Most Wanted List, but was never captured. After the FBI found new evidence in her house in 2016, in July 2017, his wife Lillian Webb confessed to hiding her husband for 17 years, and led the FBI and police to his remains buried in the yard of her Massachusetts house. He died in 1999 of strokes, at the approximate age of 68.[6]

First woman mayor[edit]

In November 2009, Jody Pflueger was elected as mayor as a write-in candidate, defeating the 12-year incumbent. She is both the city's first Democratic and first female mayor. While in office, Mayor Pflueger had the position of Police Chief reinstated in the small city. Pflueger was succeeded by Pamela Bauman in 2013, who died in office. William Gillespie was elected in a special election to complete Bauman's term until 2017.[7]

Geography[edit]

Saxonburg is located in southeastern Butler County at 40°45′15″N 79°48′56″W / 40.75417°N 79.81556°W / 40.75417; -79.81556 (40.754040, -79.815619).[8] Butler, the county seat, is 9 miles (14 km) to the northwest, and Freeport, on the Allegheny River, is 10 miles (16 km) to the southeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Saxonburg has a total area of 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 295
1880 319 8.1%
1890 258 −19.1%
1900 307 19.0%
1910 345 12.4%
1920 319 −7.5%
1930 452 41.7%
1940 524 15.9%
1950 602 14.9%
1960 876 45.5%
1970 1,191 36.0%
1980 1,336 12.2%
1990 1,345 0.7%
2000 1,629 21.1%
2010 1,525 −6.4%
Est. 2016 1,480 [2] −3.0%
Sources:[9][10][11]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,629 people, 655 households, and 391 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,852.8 people per square mile (714.7/km²). There were 713 housing units at an average density of 811.0 per square mile (312.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.32% White, 0.25% African American, 0.31% from other races, and 0.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 655 households, out of which 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.75.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 16.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 34.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 72.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.0 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $32,159, and the median income for a family was $41,875. Males had a median income of $37,500 versus $24,135 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $21,931. About 7.8% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable persons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Saxonburg borough, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 27, 2014. 
  4. ^ Goldinger, Ralph. Historic Saxonburg and Its Neighbors. ISBN 1-55856-043-2. 
  5. ^ Roberts, Jerry (September 25, 1999). "Fugitive stays on most wanted list a record 18 years". CNN. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved September 11, 2010. 
  6. ^ "How a suspected police chief murderer avoided capture for 37 years", Boston 25 News, July 18, 2017
  7. ^ "Mayor". Saxonburg Borough. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Doritos contest finalists campaign to win a Super Bowl ad spot", Post-Gazette, 12 January 2012

External links[edit]