Sayama, Saitama

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Sayama
狭山市
City
Sayama City Hall
Sayama City Hall
Flag of Sayama
Flag
Official seal of Sayama
Seal
Location of Sayama in Saitama Prefecture
Location of Sayama in Saitama Prefecture
Sayama is located in Japan
Sayama
Sayama
 
Coordinates: 35°51′10.7″N 139°24′43.9″E / 35.852972°N 139.412194°E / 35.852972; 139.412194Coordinates: 35°51′10.7″N 139°24′43.9″E / 35.852972°N 139.412194°E / 35.852972; 139.412194
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Saitama Prefecture
Government
 • -Mayor Teruo Yagasaki (since April 2012)
Area
 • Total 48.99 km2 (18.92 sq mi)
Population (February 2016)
 • Total 152,235
 • Density 3,110/km2 (8,100/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camellia sinensis (tea plant)
- Flower Azalea
- Bird Azure-winged magpie
Phone number 04-2953-1111
Address 1-23-5 Irumagawa, Sayama-shi, Saitama-ken 350-1380
Website Official website

Sayama (狭山市, Sayama-shi) is a city located in southern Saitama Prefecture, in the central Kantō region of Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 152,235 and a population density of 3110 persons per km². Its total area was 48.99 square kilometres (18.92 sq mi). It was formerly known as Irumagawa

Geography[edit]

Sayama is located in south-central Saitama Prefecture. The Iruma River flows through the city.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Population history[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1970 60,886 —    
1975 98,548 +10.11%
1980 124,029 +4.71%
1985 144,366 +3.08%
1990 157,309 +1.73%
1995 162,240 +0.62%
2000 161,460 −0.10%
2005 158,074 −0.42%
2010 155,738 −0.30%

History[edit]

During the Kamakura period, the area developed as a post station on the Kamakura Kaidō highway, as the dividing point on the routes to Kōzuke Province and Shimotsuke Province. The town of Irumagawa was established within Iruma District with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On July 1, 1954, Irumagawa merged with the neighboring villages of Mizutomi, Kashiwahara, Okutomi, Hirokane, and Irima to create the city of Sayama.

The city was the location of the Sayama Incident, a 1963 murder and trial which resulted in the false accusation and conviction of an innocent man, a member of the Burakumin minority group, of murder.[1]

Economy[edit]

Sayama is one of the major industrial centers of Saitama Prefecture, although it is also a bedroom community with over 15% of its population commuting to Tokyo for work. The city, along with neighboring Iruma, is a well known tea growing region, producing Sayama Tea.

Honda assembly plant[edit]

Sayama is the location of an automobile assembly plant, which opened in 1964, for Honda/Acura vehicles, currently including the Fit, Honda Odyssey (international), CR-V, and RLX, and in the past the Accord, Prelude, Vigor, Inspire, Legend and Integra.[2][3] The plant was briefly closed, but not damaged, following the March 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, and restarted production in April 2011, albeit at lower production levels.[4]

Other businesses[edit]

The Lotte candy and food processing company operates a facility in Sayama.[5]

Dai Nippon Printing Company, Ltd. imaging media division operates a large coating facility in the city.

Sankyo Flute Company is located in Sayama.

Sayama Haselfoods is the only baklava manufacturing facility in Japan. Located in Aoyagi, Sayama, Haselfoods also imports food products from the Mediterranean.

Education[edit]

University[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

  • Sayama has 16 elementary schools, 10 middle schools and six high schools

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Military facilities[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Hirose bridge, over the Iruma River

Sports[edit]

The Secom Rugguts rugby union team, and the Saitama Soccer Club of the Kantō Soccer League, are located in Sayama

In popular culture[edit]

Noted people from Sayama[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Sayama Case | IMADR". Imadr.org. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  2. ^ "Honda Worldwide | History". World.honda.com. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  3. ^ "Honda Worldwide | May 17, 2006 "Honda Builds New Automobile Plant in Japan With Annual Production Capacity of 200,000 units"". World.honda.com. 2006-05-17. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  4. ^ "The Assembly Line Is Rolling Again, Tenuously, at Honda in Japan". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 
  5. ^ "LOTTE". LOTTE. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  6. ^ [1] Archived March 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "JNTO Japan event calendar|contents". Jnto.go.jp. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  9. ^ "Tanabata Festivals in Japan". Gojapan.about.com. 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  10. ^ "Indoor Snowboarding in Japan". Paul Hartrick. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  11. ^ "Shiori Kazama". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2013-10-29. 

External links[edit]