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Саяногорск (Russian)
Саяногорск (Khakas)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Republic of Khakassia (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Khakassia in Russia
Sayanogorsk is located in Khakassia
Location of Sayanogorsk in the Republic of Khakassia
Sayanogorsk gerb FRL-KEANE-RUSSIA.jpg
Flag of Sayanogorsk (Khakassia).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of May 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Khakassia[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Sayanogorsk[1]
Administrative center of Town of Sayanogorsk[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2014)
Urban okrug Sayanogorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Sayanogorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Population (2010 Census) 49,887 inhabitants[3]
Time zone KRAT (UTC+07:00)[4]
Founded November 6, 1975[citation needed]
Town status since November 6, 1975[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 655602, 655603
Dialing code(s) +7 39042[citation needed]
Sayanogorsk on Wikimedia Commons

Sayanogorsk (Russian: Саяного́рск; Khakas: Саяногорск) is a town in the Republic of Khakassia, Russia, located on the left bank of the Yenisei River, 80 kilometers (50 mi) south of Abakan, the capital of the republic. Population: 49,887 (2010 Census);[3] 50,255 (2002 Census);[6] 50,188 (1989 Census).[7]


The town has road and water links with Abakan and Minusinsk. The town itself is located in the steppe zone.


Sayanogorsk was founded on November 6, 1975, in connection with the construction of the Sayan-Shushenskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Yenisei River and the Sayan Aluminum Plant in the town; the latter opened ten years later.[8]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two work settlements (Cheremushki and Mayna) and one rural locality (the village of Bogoslovka), incorporated as the Town of Sayanogorsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Sayanogorsk is incorporated as Sayanogorsk Urban Okrug.[2]


Despite being a small town, Sayanogorsk has one of the largest aluminum smelter plants in the world. The aluminum plant provides work for the majority of the town's residents.[8] Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam, the largest hydro-electric dam in Russia and the world's 5th-largest by installed capacity, lies to the south of the town.


Moderately sharp continental climate. Annual precipitation: 250–300 mm. Fall mainly in the warm period. Average temperature in July: +28.6 °C (83.5 °F) Average temperature in January: −27.0 °C (−16.6 °F) Vegetation period: 160 days



The town has ten schools, a subsidiary of KSU, a subsidiary of TUSUR, Stam,, Sayanogorsk Polytechnic College, South-Siberian Regional College.



In Sayanogorsk there is one local channel TV-7, on which there are broadcasts are on TV channel STS (TV Channel).


Sayanogorsk publishes many periodicals some are "Environment", "Sayanogorsk Courier", "Sayan statements", and "Business Sayanogorsk.


The volleyball club "Borus" is based in Sayanogorsk.

The bandy player Yevgeny Shadrin was born in Sayanogorsk.

Tourism and recreation[edit]

The Ski resort "Gladenkaya" is in Sayanogorsk.


The main industrial enterprises of the town are: Sayan Aluminum Plant - has Production of primary aluminum and alloys on its basis Khakas aluminum plant - has production of primary aluminum and alloys on its basis, Plant Rusal SAYANAL - has production of aluminum foil and packing materials on its basis, Company Stroyservice Company Sayanstroy Plant Sayanmoloko and JSC Branch Temporary Use - has the enterprise of industrial railway transport. The town is economically dependent on the Rusal-operated aluminum plant.[8]


Sayano-Shushenskaya GES (starting the second hydraulic unit 1-December 18, 1978), Mainsk HPS.

External links[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d e Law #20
  2. ^ a b c Law #64
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c Grove, Thomas (July 3, 2018). "U.S. Sanctions Echo Through Russian Factory Towns". The Wall Street Journal. p. A16. Retrieved 3 July 2018.


  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. Закон №20 от 5 мая 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Хакасия», в ред. Закона №54-ЗРХ от 10 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Хакасия "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Хакасия"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Хакасии", №22, 12 мая 2004 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. Law #20 of May 5, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Khakassia, as amended by the Law #54-ZRKh of June 10, 2015 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Khakassia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Khakassia". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date.).
  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. Закон №64 от 7 октября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ муниципального образования город Саяногорск и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №51-ЗРХ от 10 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Республики Хакасия "Об утверждении границ муниципального образования город Саяногорск и наделении его статусом городского округа"». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Вестник Хакасии", №48, 15 октября 2004 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. Law #64 of October 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Sayanogorsk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #51-ZRKh of June 10, 2014 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Khakassia "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Sayanogorsk and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).