Sayreville, New Jersey
|Sayreville, New Jersey|
|Borough of Sayreville|
Location of Sayreville in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Sayreville, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 6, 1876 (as township)|
|Reincorporated||April 29, 1919 (as borough)|
|Named for||James R. Sayre, Jr.|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Kennedy O'Brien (R, term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Administrator||Dan Frankel|
|• Clerk||Theresa Farbaniec|
|• Total||18.704 sq mi (48.442 km2)|
|• Land||15.842 sq mi (41.030 km2)|
|• Water||2.862 sq mi (7.412 km2) 15.30%|
|Area rank||154th of 566 in state
8th of 25 in county
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||44,920|
|• Rank||47th of 566 in state
9th of 25 in county
|• Density||2,695.7/sq mi (1,040.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||233rd of 566 in state
18th of 25 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||08871, 08872|
|Area code(s)||908, 732 and 848|
|GNIS feature ID||0885386|
Sayreville is a borough located on the Raritan River, near Raritan Bay in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 42,704, reflecting an increase of 2,327 (+5.8%) from the 40,377 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,391 (+15.4%) from the 34,986 counted in the 1990 Census.
Sayreville was originally incorporated as a township on April 6, 1876, from portions of South Amboy Township. On April 2, 1919, the borough was reincorporated as the Borough of Sayreville and ratified by a referendum held on April 29, 1919.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Redevelopment
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Community
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Native Americans were the first settlers of Sayreville. Tribes of the Navesink lived along the South River where Jernee Mill Road is located today. This was noted on a 1656 New Netherland map by Adriaen van der Donck, a Dutch surveyor and map maker. During the 20th century, amateur archaeologists found thousands of Indian artifacts at the location shown on the map.
Predating the incorporation of Sayreville, the Morgan Inn (later known as the Old Spye Inn) was established in 1703 in what is now the Morgan section of Sayreville. Charles Morgan III and his descendants, including Major General James Morgan and Lieutenant Nicholas Morgan, played significant roles in the Revolutionary War. The Morgan family lived in the area for over 200 years and many family members, including Evertsons, are buried in the privately owned Morgan Cemetery, which overlooks Raritan Bay. The Morgans were said to be related to the famous pirate, Captain Henry Morgan, who is said to have visited the Inn on more than one occasion.
It was from an episode during the Revolutionary War that the Morgan Inn gained its new name, the Old Spye Inn. According to local legends, a local British loyalist, Abe Mussey, was captured by Continental Army troops in 1777 while signaling to British ships in Raritan Bay. He was tried as a spy at the Inn, convicted in a one-day trial, and sentenced to death by hanging. Mussey's execution was carried out using a tree near the Inn's entrance. Mussey was reported to be buried behind the Inn in an unmarked grave. The Inn was destroyed by fire in 1976, but its ruins remain on the National Register of Historic Places.
Originally known as Roundabout (for the river bends in the area) and then as Wood's Landing, the community was renamed in the 1860s for James R. Sayre, Jr. of Newark, who co-founded Sayre and Fisher Brick Company in the 1850s together with Peter Fisher. It was one of the many companies that took advantage of the extensive clay deposits that supported the brick industry from the early 19th century until 1970. From its inception, Sayre & Fisher quickly grew into one of the largest brick-making companies in the world. Production grew from 54 million bricks annually in 1878, to 178 million bricks a year in 1913, and had reached a total of 6.2 billion bricks in the 100 years through its centennial in 1950.
In 1898, DuPont began production of gunpowder at its plant on Deerfield Road, and later off Washington Road. The company later built additional facilities in Sayreville for the production of paint and photo products.
At one time the Raritan River Railroad passed through Sayreville and had several spurs to service Sayre & Fisher and other local industries. A train running on the line was featured in "The Juggernaut," a 1914 episode of the silent movie serial The Perils of Pauline. The episode was staged on the line, including the construction of a bridge over Ducks Nest Pond in Sayreville. The fishing pond is located in the back of Bailey Park, near the DuPont and Hercules factories.
In 1918 during World War I, Sayreville was heavily damaged by TNT explosions at the Gillespie Shell Loading Plant. The disaster killed dozens and injured hundreds of local victims, damaged hundreds of buildings, required an emergency declaration of martial law, and scattered wide areas of ammunition remnants that continue to surface occasionally.
Sayreville's clay deposits have earned scientific notice as one of the world's major sources of museum-quality fossils found in amber (see New Jersey amber). This prehistoric tree resin managed to encase over a hundred species of insects and plants from approximately 90 million years ago, when Sayreville had a tropical climate. The fossils have been extensively researched and published by David Grimaldi, curator of invertebrate zoology at the American Museum of Natural History.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 18.704 square miles (48.442 km2), including 15.842 square miles (41.030 km2) of land and 2.862 square miles (7.412 km2) of water (15.30%).
The borough is located on the southern bank of the Raritan River across from Woodbridge Township and Perth Amboy, and is bordered on the southwest and south by Old Bridge Township. The borough also borders East Brunswick Township, Edison, South Amboy, and South River in Middlesex County, and Staten Island in New York City.
Low-lying areas near the Raritan River are subject to flooding associated with storm surges. The borough is approximately 24 miles (39 km) southwest of Lower Manhattan, 4 miles (6.4 km) southwest of Staten Island and 57 miles (92 km) northeast of Philadelphia. Area codes 908, 732 and 848 are used in Sayreville.
Sayreville uses four ZIP codes. 08871 and 08872 are post offices located in the borough itself. 08879 is the South Amboy ZIP code serving the Morgan and Melrose sections of Sayreville, the City of South Amboy, and the Laurence Harbor neighborhood of Old Bridge Township. 08859 is the Parlin ZIP code, which serves adjoining portions of Sayreville and Old Bridge Township.
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names within the borough include: Crossmans, Ernston, Gillespie, Laurel Park, MacArthur Manor, Melrose, Morgan, Morgan Heights, Phoenix, Runyon, Sayre Woods, Sayreville Junction, Sayreville Station, and Whitehead Dock.
|Population sources: 1880-1920
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 42,704 people, 15,636 households, and 11,414 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,695.7 per square mile (1,040.8/km2). There were 16,393 housing units at an average density of 1,034.8 per square mile (399.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 67.04% (28,630) White, 10.71% (4,573) Black or African American, 0.23% (100) Native American, 16.12% (6,882) Asian, 0.04% (18) Pacific Islander, 3.50% (1,495) from other races, and 2.36% (1,006) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 12.31% (5,258) of the population.
There were 15,636 households, of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the borough, 22.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $71,808 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,796) and the median family income was $84,929 (+/- $6,096). Males had a median income of $63,523 (+/- $3,061) versus $46,180 (+/- $3,434) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,259 (+/- $1,187). About 4.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 40,377 people, 14,955 households, and 10,917 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,539.4 people per square mile (980.5/km2). There were 15,235 housing units at an average density of 958.1 per square mile (370.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 76.47% White, 8.62% African American, 0.13% Native American, 10.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.12% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.29% of the population.
There were 14,955 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the borough the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $58,919, and the median income for a family was $66,266. Males had a median income of $47,427 versus $35,151 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,736. About 3.4% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
Sayreville is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Sayreville, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of Sayreville is Republican Kennedy O'Brien, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Daniel Buchanan (D, 2016), Steven Grillo (D, 2018), Victoria Kilpatrick (D, 2017), Pat Lembo (R, 2018), Mary J. Novak (D, 2017) and Arthur J. Rittenhouse, Jr. (R, 2016).
Sayreville's EMS-Rescue System is operated by an all-volunteer membership. The Sayreville Emergency Squad was founded in 1936 and provides EMS-Rescue Service with its sister Squad, Morgan First Aid. Both squads provide Emergency medical services, Motor Vehicle Extrication, Boat and Water Rescue, Search and Rescue, and any other rescue function needed. As one of the few completely volunteer first aid squads remaining in central New Jersey, they provide these services free to the citizens of Sayreville.
Sayreville also has an all-volunteer fire department. It has four fire companies, Sayreville Engine Company #1, Melrose Hose Company #1, Morgan Hose & Chemical Company #1, and the President Park Volunteer Fire Company.
Sayreville operates an all-volunteer auxiliary police, which assists the police department with night patrols, Sunday church crossings and various borough events. They are also called into action in the event of large-scale borough emergencies where the police department is stressed for manpower.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 19th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Vitale (D, Woodbridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Craig Coughlin (D, Woodbridge Township) and John Wisniewski (D, Sayreville). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large on a partisan basis to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2015[update], Middlesex County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (D, term ends December 31, 2015, Carteret; Ex-officio on all committees), Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (D, 2017; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township; County Administration), Kenneth Armwood (D, 2016, Piscataway; Business Development and Education), Charles Kenny ( D, 2016, Woodbridge Township; Finance), H. James Polos (D, 2015, Highland Park; Public Safety and Health), Charles E. Tomaro (D, 2017, Edison; Infrastructure Management) and Blanquita B. Valenti (D, 2016, New Brunswick; Community Services). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D, Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016, Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 24,248 registered voters in Sayerville, of which 9,394 (38.7%) were registered as Democrats, 2,778 (11.5%) were registered as Republicans and 12,053 (49.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 58.8% of the vote (9,362 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 40.2% (6,394 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (167 votes), among the 16,040 ballots cast by the borough's 24,804 registered voters (117 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.7%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.3% of the vote (9,392 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.5% (7,839 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (228 votes), among the 17,608 ballots cast by the borough's 24,673 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.4%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 51.0% of the vote (8,147 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 47.7% (7,614 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (144 votes), among the 15,963 ballots cast by the borough's 22,510 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.9.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.4% of the vote (6,199 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 34.6% (3,328 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (102 votes), among the 9,780 ballots cast by the borough's 25,151 registered voters (151 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 38.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 52.9% of the vote (5,952 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 37.9% (4,263 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.8% (766 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (148 votes), among the 11,242 ballots cast by the borough's 24,033 registered voters, yielding a 46.8% turnout.
The Sayreville Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010–11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are four K–3 elementary schools — Emma Arleth Elementary School (476 students), Dwight D. Eisenhower Elementary School (546), Harry S. Truman Elementary School (509) and Woodrow Wilson Elementary School (358) — Samsel Upper Elementary School for grades 4–5 (977), Sayreville Middle School for grades 6–8 (1,323), and Sayreville War Memorial High School for grades 9–12 (1,734). Jesse Selover Elementary School offers a half-day program for children ages 3–5 years with mild to moderate disabilities, and a full-day program for children of the same age with moderate disabilities who require a greater degree of time and attention.
Although the borough remains an industrial community, the addition of many technology companies and a growing residential population has changed the landscape of this central New Jersey town.
Randy Corman, Executive Director of the Sayreville Economic and Redevelopment Agency (SERA), has been heading up the development of the parcel of land commonly referred to as the National Lead Site / Amboy Cinemas lot since about 2000. This new development would clear woods, trees, and wetlands and install an entire city complete with commercial, industrial, residential, and recreational facilities, all near the Middlesex County Utilities Authority (Sewerage Authority) and the Middlesex County Fire Academy. There has also been much litigation as to the makeup of the members and public opinion about this project has never been put to a ballot. In addition, closed-door meetings have been accused of going against the Sunshine Open Meeting Act.
The master plan of the area was finalized in 2012, with plans to create a mixed-use development which includes a shopping center, luxury mall, apartments, town homes, offices, and multiple marinas. Phase 1 of the plan has begun construction as of 2013. The first major tenant, Bass Pro Shops, will have a store open at the location in late 2014, as part of The Landing, which represents the first phase of The Point development. It is known as Luxury Point, and is currently proceeding with land development, beginning major construction in Spring 2013. Plans include a luxury mall with 1,200,000 square feet (110,000 m2) of space, 620,000 square feet (58,000 m2) of luxury shopping, entertainment, restaurants and groceries, a 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) Bass Pro Shops, a 700,000 square feet (65,000 m2) regional power center, 1,400 apartments and 600 homes, along with waterfront dining, hotels and office space.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 130.58 miles (210.15 km) of roadways, of which 101.75 miles (163.75 km) were maintained by the municipality, 17.93 miles (28.86 km) by Middlesex County, 6.17 miles (9.93 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 4.73 miles (7.61 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Sayreville is near several major roadways: the Garden State Parkway, New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95), Interstate 287 which becomes Route 440 (providing access to Staten Island and Long Island), U.S. 1, U.S. 9, Route 18, Route 34, Route 35 and Route 36.
Three highway bridges span the Raritan River from Sayreville. The Edison Bridge on U.S. 9 and the Driscoll Bridge on the Garden State Parkway connect Woodbridge on the north with Sayreville on the south. The Victory Bridge carries Route 35, connecting Sayreville with Perth Amboy.
New Jersey Transit offers service between the borough and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan via the 131 and 139 bus routes. Service within New Jersey is offered to Newark on the 67, to Jersey City on the 64, and to other local destinations on the 815 and 817 routes. Academy Bus provides additional weekday rush-hour service for commuters to Manhattan.
The community is home to the Faith Fellowship Ministries World Outreach Center, a non-denominational "megachurch" founded in 1980 that has a weekly attendance over 10,000, which was ranked 44th by Outreach magazine on its 2013 list of the "100 Largest Churches in America", and is the largest church in New Jersey.
Sayreville has two community football and cheerleading teams, the Sayreville Leprechauns and Morgan-Parlin Panthers.
Sayreville has a newly constructed Skate Park, located in Kennedy Park, for skaters and bikers all around New Jersey.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Sayreville include:
- Barry T. Albin (born 1952), Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.
- Jon Bon Jovi (born 1962), lead singer of the rock band Bon Jovi.
- Randy Corman (born 1960), Sayreville councilmember who served in the New Jersey Senate.
- Patrick Crosby (born 1985), professional indoor lacrosse goaltender.
- Bob Dustal (born 1935), former pitcher for the Detroit Tigers.
- Greg Evigan (born 1953), actor who appeared in B.J. and the Bear and My Two Dads.
- Marilyn Ghigliotti (born 1961), actress who played the character Veronica Loughran in Kevin Smith's cult hit Clerks.
- Dulé Hill (born 1975), actor who has appeared in The West Wing and Psych.
- Tom Kelly (born 1950), former manager for the Minnesota Twins.
- Kevin Mulvey (born 1985), former MLB pitcher who played for the Minnesota Twins and Arizona Diamondbacks.
- Eddie Popowski (1913–2001), coach and two-time interim manager of the Boston Red Sox.
- Lea Bayers Rapp (born 1946), writer of non-fiction and children's fiction.
- Rhonda Rompola (born 1960), coach of the Southern Methodist University women's basketball team since 1991.
- Dave Sabo (born 1964), rock guitarist who plays in the heavy metal band Skid Row.
- Mohamed Sanu (born 1989), wide receiver for the Cincinnati Bengals.
- Edward D. Thalmann (1945–2004), expert in diving medicine.[better source needed]
- John S. Wisniewski (born 1962), New Jersey General Assemblyman who has served as Deputy Speaker since 2004.
- Victor J. Wolski (born 1962), federal judge.
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- Harrison, Diane Norek. "Remembering the Past: Morgan History", NJToday.net, April 24, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2013. "The town of Morgan was probably not named after the famous pirate, Captain Henry Morgan, as many residents believe. In my research I have observed that Captain Henry Morgan was probably related to the original Morgan family that settles the town."
- The Old Spye Inn, New Jersey History's Mysteries. Accessed September 2, 2007.
- New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Historic Preservation Office. Accessed September 2, 2007.
- Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in Sayreville", The New York Times, August 16, 1992. Accessed October 1, 2015. "Named for James Sayre Jr. who, together with Peter Fisher, built the Sayre & Fisher Brick Works along the Raritan River in the 1850s, the Middlesex County borough remains primarily a blue collar community, although its white collar population has been growing recently, according to Mayor John B. McCormack."
- A Timeline of Sayreville History, Sayreville Historical Society. Accessed October 1, 2015. "1860: The first post office is established by Sayre & Fisher at Roundabout. Though still a part of South Amboy, the name 'Sayreville' begins to enter into usage, identifying the area once known as Roundabout."
- This Month's Featured Question About New Jersey History, New Jersey History's Mysteries, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 4, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2015. "When the company celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1950, it estimated that they had made 6,250,000,000 bricks, enough to build over 400,000 modern homes."
- Sayreville Timeline, Home News Tribune, August 12, 1999, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 26, 2005. Accessed May 8, 2012.
- All about The Raritan River Railroad
- "Great Munition Plant Blown Up; 100 May Be Dead", The New York Times, October 5, 1918. Accessed June 1, 2014.
- "Day of Explosions and Fire Finishes Shell Plant Ruin", The New York Times, October 6, 1918. Accessed June 1, 2014.
- "Old military explosive unearthed in schoolyard", Suburban, July 6, 2007. Accessed June 1, 2014. "We find these things a couple of times a year in town."
- Sayreville Historical Society. Sayreville, p. 108. Arcadia Publishing, 2001. ISBN 9780738504902. Accessed October 1, 2015.
- Geology of National Parks: Sayreville / Kennedy Park, United States Geological Survey. Accessed October 1, 2015.
- D. Grimaldi, A. Shedrinsky, T. Wampler (2000). "A remarkable deposit of fossiliferous amber from the Cretaceous (Turonian) of New Jersey". In David Grimaldi. Studies on Fossils in Amber. Leiden: Backhuys. pp. 1–76.
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- Media related to Sayreville, New Jersey at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Sayreville website
- Sayreville Historical Society website
||Edison Township||Woodbridge Township||Perth Amboy|
|East Brunswick Township
|Old Bridge Township||Staten Island, NY
Raritan Bay / Atlantic Ocean