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Sayulita is a village about 40 km (25 miles) north of downtown Puerto Vallarta in the state of Nayarit, Mexico, with a population of approximately 5,000. It is called by the Mexican government a "Magical Town" for its colorful ambience and richness and convergence of cultures; not only Mexican, but international as well.
The pre-Columbian indigenous inhabitants of the area were most likely small bands of the semi-nomadic Cuyuteco which came in contact with Spanish Conquistadores in 1524 for the first time when Fernando Cortes de Buenaventura discovered 100,000 indigenous population split into 40 tribal communities. In 1530, Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán's account of his battle with the Cuyutecos at Valle gave name to the Bay of Banderas, as the natives carried colorful banners.
Civic sites identified in the region include Ixtapa, Valle, and Ixtlan del Rio. These sites were most likely tributary outposts of the Aztatlan kingdom centered in northern present-day Nayarit. Like most of the greater Banderas Bay area, the sheer remoteness and thick jungle prevented permanent European colonization until the late 19th century.
The area developed thanks to the collection of coconut for oil production and export. Coconut oil production was controlled by a sole company first owned by Don Marcial Nuño and later by the Camarena family, when the latter was expelled from the area, but a decrease in the international pricing brought the industry to a decline.
The ejido of Sayulita was not established until 1941 after the government expropriated the private Hacienda and returned the land to the people dividing it into five villages in 1936.
Known for its consistent rivermouth surf break, Sayulita was "discovered" by roving surfers in the late 1960s with the construction of Mexican Highway 200. The area became famous with Hollywood celebrities when The Night of the Iguana, which was filmed in Puerto Vallarta, showed the beauty and seclusion of the area to Ava Gardner, Richard Burton and wife Elisabeth Taylor.
Today, Sayulita is a prosperous growing village of approximately 5,000 residents. Hailed as a popular hippie and off-the-beaten-path travel destination, Sayulita offers a variety of recreational activities such as horseback riding, hiking, jungle canopy tours, snorkeling, and fishing. Still a mecca for beginning surfers of all ages, Sayulita also attracts tourists to its numerous art galleries and casual and hipster cafes and restaurants.
Sayulita is frequented by native Cora and Huichol peoples whose artwork and beadwork is inspired by their cosmology, which is in turn aided by use of peyote, the psychedelic cactus sacred to the tribe.
The town is a part of the newly designated "Riviera Nayarit", the 160km coastal corridor from Litibú to San Blas.
Growing ecological awareness and stricter zoning enforcement have caused development to be regulated in order to help safeguard the environment and quality of life. In recent years digital nomads are choosing the town as an affordable base thanks to the easy access to an international airport in Puerto Vallarta an the inexpensive or free internet connections in Sayulita.