Sayuti Melik

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Sayuti Melik
Sayuti Melik.jpg
Sayuti Melik
Born Mohamad Ibnu Sayuti
(1908-11-22)November 22, 1908
Dutch East Indies Sleman, Yogyakarta, Dutch East Indies
Died February 27, 1989(1989-02-27) (aged 80)
Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesia
Occupation Reporter
Politician
Spouse(s) S. K. Trimurti
Children Moesafir Karma Boediman
Heru Baskoro

Mohamad Ibnu Sayuti, known as Sayuti Melik, (born on November 22, 1908 in Sleman, Yogyakarta, Dutch East Indies - died on February 27, 1989 in Jakarta, Indonesia) was the Indonesian typist of the copy of the proclamation of independence, which was proclaimed by Sukarno on August 17, 1945.[1][2] He was the husband of Soerastri Karma Trimurti, a journalist and activist in the women's and Indonesian independence movements.[1]

Youth[edit]

Melik was born on 22 November 1908 in Sleman, Yogyakarta. He went to Loro Ongko school in the village of Srowolan, and after that continued his education in Yogyakarta.

Nationalism has been instilled since childhood by her father to the small Suyuti. When the father against the Dutch government's policy to use his field for planting tobacco.

When studying at school teachers in Solo, 1920, he learned from his history teacher that nationalism nationality Netherlands, HA Zurink. In the teen years, he was interested in reading the magazine Moving Islam leader KH Misbach in Kauman, Solo, left-leaning scholars. When that many people, including Muslim leaders, see Marxism as an ideological struggle against colonialism. Of Kiai Misbach he studied Marxism. The first acquaintance with Bung Karno occurs in London in 1926.

His writings on politics cause he was arrested many times by the Dutch. Holland was arrested in 1926 for allegedly helping PKI and subsequently discharged into the Boven Digul (1927-1933). 1936 arrested England, imprisoned in Singapore for a year. After being expelled from the British territory was recaptured by the Dutch and taken to Jakarta, entered the cell at Central Gang (1937-1938).

Upon their return from exile, met with SK Trimurti Suyuti, and engage in a variety of movement activities together. Finally on July 19, 1938 they were married.

In the same year they founded the newspaper Rapid in Semarang, published three times a week with a circulation of two thousand copies. Because income is still small, the couple was forced to perform a variety of jobs, from editorial to printing business, from sales to distribution and subscription.

Trimurti and Sayuti Melik entry turns out jail due to their writing criticized Dutch government. Suyuti as former political prisoners exiled to Boven Digul always spied on the Dutch intelligence service (PID).

At the time of the Japanese occupation, March 1942 newspaper diberedel Rapidly Japan, Trimurti arrested Kempetai, Japan is also suspected as a communist Suyuti.

On March 9, 1943, inaugurated the establishment of son ( People Power Center) headed "Gang of Four" Sukarno, Moh. Hatta, Ki Hajar Dewantara, and Kyai Mas Mansoer. When the Soekarno asked the Japanese government to free Trimurti, then took him to Jakarta to work in the Son, and then in Java Hookoo Kai, Devotional Association of People All Java. And then Trimurti and Sayuti Melik can live relatively peaceful. Suyuti continues to be at the Bung Karno.

Member of PCfII[edit]

Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) was formed August 7, 1945 and chaired by Ir. Sukarno, replaced the Committee for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence which quickly disbanded. Members initially were 21 people. Furthermore, unbeknownst to the Japanese, the membership grew 6 people including Sayuti Melik.

Rengasdengklok Events[edit]

Sayuti Melik was a member of the group 'Menteng 31', which played a role in the kidnapping of Sukarno and Hatta on August 16, 1945 (Event Rengasdengklok). The young fighters, including Chaerul Saleh, Sukarni, and Wikana, with Shodancho Singgih, a member of the PETA, and another young man, brought Sukarno (along with Fatmawati and Guntur who was only 9 months old at the time), and Hatta, to Rengasdengklok. The aim was to ensure that Soekarno and Hatta were not persuaded or affected in any way by the Japanese.

Here, they re-assured Soekarno that Japan had surrendered and the fighters are ready to fight the Japanese, no matter what. In Jakarta, youth groups, Wikana, and old groups, namely Mr. Ahmad Soebardjo negotiations. Mr. Ahmad Soebardjo agreed to proclaim the independence of Indonesia in Jakarta. then diutuslah Yusuf Ahmad Soebardjo Kunto to take into Rengasdengklok. They picked Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta returned to Jakarta. Mr. Ahmad Soebardjo managed to convince the youth to not rush - rush declared independence.

Manuscript Proclamation[edit]

The original manuscript proclamation placed on National Monument

The Declaration of Independence was composed by Bung Karno, Bung Hatta and Achmad Subardjo at the home of Japanese Rear Admiral Maeda. Sukarni and Melik were present as witnesses on behalf of the youth revolutionaries. Respectively as maid Bung Karno and Bung Hatta, witnessed the incident. When finished, dawn August 17, 1945, draft text of the proclamation was read to the audience. However, the youth refused. Copy of the proclamation was regarded as made by Japan.

Amidst the tense atmosphere, Melik gave the idea of Soekarno and Hatta signing the Declaration of Independence on behalf of Indonesia. After they consented, Sayuti immediately typed up a revised version of the declaration stating the declaration was made on behalf of Indonesia rather than saying Soekarno and Hatta were representatives of the Indonesian people.

After Independence Era[edit]

After the Indonesian Independence he became a member of Central Indonesian National Committee (KNIP). In 1946 on the orders of Mr. Amir Syarifuddin, he was arrested by the Indonesian government as it is considered as close to 'United Struggle' and considered conspiring and engaging in "event July 3, 1946. Having examined by Army Court, he was found not guilty. When going Dutch Military Aggression II, he was arrested and imprisoned in the Netherlands Ambarawa. he was released after the completion of KMB. in 1950 he was appointed a member of MPR and DPR-GR as Deputy Force '45 and became Vice Scholars.

Against Sukarno[edit]

Sayuti actually known as a supporter of Sukarno. However, when the Bung Karno in power, Suyuti actually not "unused". In an atmosphere intensively promote Nasakom, he was the one who dared to oppose the idea of Nasakom ( nationalism, religion, communism). He proposes to replace Nasakom Nasasos', by replacing the element "com" to "sos" (socialism). He also opposed the appointment of Sukarno as president for life by the MPRS. Writings,' Learning Understanding Sukarnoism loaded in about 50 newspapers and magazines and then banned. The article continued to explain the difference Marhaenisme teachings of Bung Karno and Marxism - Leninist doctrine PKI. When it Suyuti saw the PKI was about piggybacking charisma Bung Karno.

New Order Period[edit]

After the New Order name Suyuti fly again in the political arena. He became a member of House / MPR, representing Golkar result 1971 election and 1977 election.

Died[edit]

Sayuti Melik died on February 27, 1989 after a year of illness at the age of 80. He was buried in Kalibata Heroes Cemetery

Recognitions[edit]

Sayuti Melik received the Star Mahaputra Nararya (Level V) of President Sukarno (1961) and Star Mahaputra Adipradana (II) of President Suharto (1973).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Former governor Ali Sadikin, freedom fighter SK Trimurti die". Jakarta Post. 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  2. ^ Yuliastuti, Dian (2008-05-21). "Freedom Fighter SK Trimurti Dies". Tempo Interactive. Retrieved 2008-06-07.