Sayyid Mir Jan

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Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb
Darbare Hazrat Eshan after renovation by Khwaja Sardar Sayyid Mir Sultan Masood Dakik.jpg
Born1800
Died(1901-04-19)19 April 1901
Resting placeLahore
TitleKhwaja-e-Khwajagane Jahan (Master of the Masters of the World)

Wali-Ullah (Friend of Allah)

Mahboob Rasul Allah (Beloved of the Prophet)

Nur Chashme Khwajagan(Light of the eyes of the Khwajagan)

Sayyid al-Islam (leader of the submission to Allah)

Sayyid ul-Salikeen(Leader and guide of the seekers)

Sayyid ul-Waseleen(Leader of the nearest ones to Allah and the Prophet)

Jan Janan Arifan (Beloved essence the Savants)

Haj wa Yusuf Al-Haramain wa Al-Sharifain(Haji and Yusuf (beloved Prince) of Makkah and Medinah)

Al-Hadi (the guide)

Al-Ridha (the one, pleased with God's will)

Al Mutawakal ala Allah (the one who puts his trust in God)

Murshid ul-Awliya (The teacher of saints)

Qutb/Ghawth (highest saint of his time)

Malik ul-Awliya(King of Saints)

Sayyid ul-Sadaat (leader of the Sayyids)

Imamzadeh(Son of the Imams)

Sayyid ul-Siddiqun(Leader of the truthful)
PredecessorHazrat Ishaan (Uwaisiyya line)[1]
SuccessorHazrat Shah Saheb Hazrat Sayyid Mahmud Saheb Agha
Parent(s)Hazrat Sayyid Mir Hasan

Hazrat Khwaja Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb ibn Hasan Kabuli-Naqshbandi(Arabic: سيد مير جان شاه صاحب ابن حسن كابلى-نقشبندى‎) (born in Kabul, Afghanistan in year 1800, died in year 1901 in Lahore) is a Sufi saint from Kabul.

Ancestry[edit]

Sayyid Mir Jan was a Sayyid (a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib), both maternally and paternally. Among his paternal ancestors were seven of the Twelve Imams, and among his maternal ancestors were eleven of the Twelve Imams and Sayyid Bahauddin Naqshband, Sayyid Alauddin Atar, and Khwaja Khawand Mahmud (also known as Hazrat Ishaan). After the Battle of Karbala, the Ahl al-Bayt went back to Medina.[2] From there Musa al Kazim was forced to go to Iraq.[3] One of the descendants of Musa al-Kazim was called Khwaja Sayyid Mir Ismail Muhammad Hakim. One son of Khwaja Sayyid Mir ismail Muhammad Hakim was Khwaja Sayyid Mir Latif, an ancestor of Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan. The descendants of Sayyid Mir Latif immigrated to Bokhara and after that to Kabul, where Sayyid Mir Jan was born.[1][4] Sayyid Mir Jans maternal ancestors were Askari Sayyids, i.e. descendants of Imam Hasan al-Askari. His son was Sayyid Ali Akbar. His existence was hidden, because of political conflicts.[5] Sayyid Ali Akbars descendants also migrated to Bokhara,[6][7] where the prominent Sufi saint Bahauddin Naqshband, founder of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order, was born.[4][8] A descendant of Bahauddin Naqshband after 7 generations was Hazrat Ishaan,[9][10] whose descendants later immigrated to variable regions of South Asia, like Khorasan, today known as Afghanistan in order to spread the Ishaqiyya Naqshbandiyya branch´s teachings.[4][9][10][11]

Biography[edit]

Family[edit]

Sayyid Mir Jan was a son of Sayyid Mir Hasan. Both his brothers chief justice Khwaja Sayyid Mir Fazlullah and Sayyid Mir Mahmud are regarded as saints as well. His younger brother Sayyid Mahmud Agha was his disciple, becoming a qutb one rank below Sayyid Mir Jan. Other siblings included two brothers named Sayyid Mir Azimullah and Khwaja Sayyid Mir Taqiqullah, and five sisters. Sayyid Mir Jan married his wife in Medinah, and had 2 sons. His wife and his sons passed away during a natural disaster.[4]

Lineage[edit]

The lineage of Hazrat Sayyid Mir Jan´s family is the following:[12]

  • 1 Muhammad
  • 2 Ali and Fatima Al Zahra
  • 3 Imam Hussain Shaheede Reza
  • 4 Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin
  • 5 Imam Muhammad al Baqir
  • 6 Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq
  • 7 Imam Musa al Kazim
  • 8 Abu Qasim Sayyid Mir Hamza
  • 9 Sayyid Mir Qasim
  • 10 Sayyid Mir Ahmad
  • 11 Sayyid Mir Muhammad
  • 12 Sayyid Mir Ismail Muhammad Hakim
  • 13 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Latif
  • 14 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad
  • 15 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Kulal
  • 16 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Ahmad
  • 17 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Hashim
  • 18 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Mustaali
  • 19 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Dost Ali
  • 20 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad Latif
  • 21 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Abdullah
  • 22 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad Shamah
  • 23 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Latifullah
  • 24 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Ruhollah
  • 25 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Baitullah
  • 26 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Nimatullah
  • 27 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Azimullah
  • 28 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Muhammad Hasan
  • 29 Khwaja Sayyid Mir Fazlullah, brother of Hazrat Khwaja Sayyid Mir Jan
  • 30 Sayyid Mir Muhammad Jan
  • 31 Sayyida Bibi Rahima Sadat
  • 32 Mir Sayyid Sultan Masood Dakik [de]
  • 33 Sayyid Mir Raphael Dakik, Sayyid Mir Matin Dakik, Sayyid Mir Hamid Dakik

Early Life and education[edit]

Sayyid Mir Jan showed much love for God and Muhammad as a child. It is said that he was illuminated at the age of 5 years. His father Sayyid Mir Hasan was also a high ranking saint, who used to teach his sons about Islam and Sufism. Sayyid Mir Jan was educated in Kabul and became a professor of Islamic theology. Later he has built his own university in Lahore. Sayyid Mir Jan and his brother Sayyid Mahmud also wrote poems.[4][13]

Spiritual journey[edit]

After his education in Kabul, Sayyid Mir Jan went on a spiritual journey and became the successor to many Sufi Saints who had trained him in Sufism. Sayyid Mir Jan Shah Saheb became khalifa(master) of 7 Sufi tariqats, including tariqats of the Naqshbandi, Qadiriyya, Chishtiyya, Suhrawardiyya, Qalandariyya, Kubrawiyya, and Madariyya orders. He stayed in Medina for a decade to be trained by one of his masters, and while there married a local woman. Later, he traveled to Lahore to the tomb of Hazrat Khwaja Khawand Mahmud, also known as Hazrat Ishaan. Hazrat Ishaan was a Sufi saint from Bukhara, whose wilayat was also in Lahore. Hazrat Ishaan's successors included his two sons Moinuddin Naqshband in Srinagar, Kashmir and Bahauddin in Lahore and their descendants until the late 18th century, by which time the lineage was lost.[14] According to a legend, Hazrat Ishaan made prophecies about Sayyid Mir Jan, naming him as his successor to revive his lineage.[13][15]

Spiritual rank[edit]

Sayyid Mir Jan was Qutb ul Aqtab, also called ghawth, the highest ranking Wali Allah (saint) of his time. In Sufism the Ghawth is known as the cosmic leader of the whole universe and righteous successor of Prophet Muhammad. His lineage is claimed by his followers to be the only legitimate line for the next Ghawth after him.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tazkare Khwanadane Hazrat Eshan(genealogy of the family of Hazrat Eshan)(by author and investigator:Muhammad Yasin Qasvari Naqshbandi company:Edara Talimat Naqshbandiyya Lahore) p.65
  2. ^ Imam Ali ibn al-Hussein (2001). The Complite Edition of the Treatise on Rights. Qum: Ansariyan Publications.
  3. ^ Sharif al-Qarashi2, Baqir (2000). The Life Of Imam Musa Bin Ja'far aL-Kazim (PDF). Translated by Jasim al-Rasheed. Iraq: Ansarian
  4. ^ a b c d e Khatme Ziarate Sharife hazrat eshan Bukhari(written and investigated by Mian Ahmad Bader Akhlaq(BSC)) printed the second time in 1988 Writer and inspector Mian Muhammad Hasan Akhlaq(M.Km) 1988 company: Koperatis Lahorin
  5. ^ Dr.Annemarie Schimmels book "Pain and Grace: A Study of Two Mystical Writers of Eighteenth-Century Muslim India" BRILL, 1976, p.32
  6. ^ "Naqshbandiya shajarasi izidan". Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  7. ^ "Ҳазрат Хожа Баҳоуддин Нақшбанд". Archived from the original on August 3, 2017. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  8. ^ Sultanova, Razia (2011). "Naqshbandiyya". From Shamanism to Sufism. I.B.Tauris. p. 32-37. ISBN 978-1-84885-309-6.
  9. ^ a b "Nazaria-i-Pakistan Trust". www.nazariapak.info.
  10. ^ a b Expanding Frontiers in South Asian and World History: Essays in Honor of John F.Richards p. 159
  11. ^ the Naqshbandiyya: Orthodoxy and activism in a worldwide Sufi tradition" written and investigated by: Itzchak Weismann ;company: Routledge Taylor&Francis Group(p.52)
  12. ^ Tazkare Khwanadane Hazrat Eshan(genealogy of the family of Hazrat Eshan)(by author and investigator:Muhammad Yasin Qasvari Naqshbandi company:Edara Talimat Naqshbandiyya Lahore) p.62
  13. ^ a b Tazkare Khwanadane Hazrat Eshan(genealogy of the family of Hazrat Eshan)(by author and investigator:Muhammad Yasin Qasvari Naqshbandi company:Edara Talimat Naqshbandiyya Lahore)
  14. ^ "the Naqshbandiyya: Orthodoxy and activism in a worldwide Sufi tradition" written and investigated by: Itzchak Weismann ;company: Routledge Taylor&Francis Group(p.52)
  15. ^ Khtame Ziarate Sharife hazrat eshan Bukhari(written and investigated by Mian Ahmad Bader Akhlaq(BSC)) printed the second time in 1988 Writer and inspector Mian Muhammad Hasan Akhlaq(M.Km) 1988 company: Koperatis Lahore
  16. ^ Sufi Sheikhs of Pakistan and Afghanistan