Scales Mound, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scales Mound
Village
Scales Mound - Franklin Street in Winter 2008
Scales Mound - Franklin Street in Winter 2008
Motto: At the Top of Illinois
Location of Scales Mound in Daviess County, Illinois.
Location of Scales Mound in Daviess County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 42°28′41″N 90°15′02″W / 42.47806°N 90.25056°W / 42.47806; -90.25056Coordinates: 42°28′41″N 90°15′02″W / 42.47806°N 90.25056°W / 42.47806; -90.25056
Country United States
State Illinois
County Jo Daviess
Township Scales Mound
Area[1]
 • Total 0.63 sq mi (1.62 km2)
 • Land 0.63 sq mi (1.62 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation[2] 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 376
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 373
 • Density 595.85/sq mi (229.90/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code(s) 61075
Area code(s) 815
FIPS code 17-67925
Wikimedia Commons Scales Mound, Illinois
Website http://scalesmound.com
Scales Mound - Main Street in Winter 2008

Scales Mound is a village in Jo Daviess County, Illinois, United States. The population was 376 at the 2010 census, down from 401 in 2000.

History[edit]

The original town of Scales Mound was located at the base of an erosional remnant similar to Charles Mound, about a mile southwest of the present-day village. In 1830 Samuel Scales purchased the original village site from John Sole and built a tavern at the base of the mound along Sucker Trail, a major east-west corridor. The land that the present-day village of Scales Mound is on was purchased from the U.S. government in 1848 by a man named Dunning. Little is known about Dunning or the use of the land until the 1850s.[4]

In 1851 the Illinois Central Railroad (ICRR) was established and it would become a major factor in the settlement of much of rural Illinois, including Scales Mound. In September 1853, anticipating the arrival of the railroad, the village of Scales Mound was platted by Josiah Conlee and B.B. Provost. During the summer of 1854 track crews from ICRR laid out 20 miles (32 km) of track between Scales Mound and Apple River and trains were running the line the day after completion. With the arrival of the railroad, Scales Mound's first building was constructed in the late fall 1854; a store built by Sherman Eddy.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 311
1900 418
1910 388 −7.2%
1920 356 −8.2%
1930 348 −2.2%
1940 354 1.7%
1950 385 8.8%
1960 399 3.6%
1970 382 −4.3%
1980 347 −9.2%
1990 388 11.8%
2000 401 3.4%
2010 376 −6.2%
Est. 2016 373 [3] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 401 people, 164 households, and 108 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,709.5 people per square mile (673.2/km²). There were 188 housing units at an average density of 801.5 per square mile (315.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.25% White, 0.25% Asian, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% of the population.

There were 164 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the village, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $35,294, and the median income for a family was $37,386. Males had a median income of $26,875 versus $20,288 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,992. About 6.1% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 15.3% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois at 1235 feet is located near Scales Mound, Illinois.

Location[edit]

Scales Mound lies at the northwestern tip of Illinois in Jo Daviess County, part of the Driftless Area. Scales Mound is located at 42°28′41″N 90°15′2″W / 42.47806°N 90.25056°W / 42.47806; -90.25056 (42.478098, −90.250544)[7] near the highest point in Illinois, Charles Mound, and on the Stagecoach Trail. It has an annual festival, Stagecoach Trail days. According to the 2010 census, Scales Mound has a total area of 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2), all land.[8]

Topography[edit]

Scales Mound is located in a region of the U.S. Midwest known as the Driftless Area, so called because it escaped glaciation during the last ice age. Covering parts of Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa, the Illinois region is mostly limited to Jo Daviess County and small parts of Whiteside and Carroll County in northwest Illinois. The topography of the area is characterized by hilly terrain and wooded ridges. Common features found in the Scales Mound area include canyons, bluffs, ravines and palisades.[9] Near Charles Mound, the highest point in Illinois at 1235 feet, Scales Mound is said to be "At the Top of Illinois".[10]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Scales Mound, Illinois
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 27
(−3)
34
(1)
45
(7)
59
(15)
72
(22)
81
(27)
84
(29)
81
(27)
73
(23)
63
(17)
46
(8)
34
(1)
58.3
(14.5)
Average low °F (°C) 3
(−16)
10
(−12)
21
(−6)
32
(0)
43
(6)
54
(12)
57
(14)
55
(13)
46
(8)
34
(1)
25
(−4)
12
(−11)
32.7
(0.4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.118
(28.4)
1.24
(31.5)
2.579
(65.5)
3.382
(85.9)
3.571
(90.7)
5.071
(128.8)
2.902
(73.7)
4.45
(113)
3.63
(92.2)
2.512
(63.8)
2.709
(68.8)
1.77
(45)
34.934
(887.3)
Source: weather.com[11]

Cityscape[edit]

Education[edit]

Scales Mound has one K-12 school (high school included). Its mascot is the Hornets.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ "USGS detail on Newtown". Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Mansberger, Floyd. "Scales Mound Historic District", (PDF), National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, May 2, 1990, Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, accessed May 17, 2008.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-25. 
  9. ^ Suloway, Liane, Joselyn, Mark, and Brown, Patrick W. "Driftless Area", Inventory of Resource Rich Areas in Illinois: An Evaluation of Ecological Resources, Illinois Natural History Survey, 1996, Center for Wildlife Ecology, accessed May 17, 2008.
  10. ^ Galena Jo Daviess Visitors Guide, 2012
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Scales Mound, IL". Retrieved 2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]

Government[edit]

Others[edit]