Scaly-naped pigeon

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Scaly-naped pigeon
Patagioenas squamosa in Barbados a-01.jpg
Scaly-naped pigeon in Christ Church, Barbados.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Patagioenas
P. squamosa
Binomial name
Patagioenas squamosa
Patagioenas squamosa map.svg

The scaly-naped pigeon (Patagioenas squamosa), also known as the red-necked pigeon, is a bird belonging to the family Columbidae. The species occurs throughout the Caribbean.


in Puerto Rico

The scaly-naped pigeon is a large slate grey pigeon (14–16 in), with maroon coloured plumage around the neck. The plumage on the species' nape appears scaly, explaining both the common and scientific names of the species. There is a bare patch of skin which surrounds the birds red eyes; this patch tends to be reddish in males and more yellow in females. The legs and the base of the bill of the species are red, while the remainder of the bill is light coloured.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The range of the scaly-naped pigeon includes both the Greater Antilles (except Jamaica) and Lesser Antilles. The species tends to occur in rain forests, however it may also be found in drier lowland woodlands; the species is locally common near human settlements.


Scaly-naped pigeons are usually found alone or in small groups. They feed in trees and on the ground and often mix with the rock dove, eared dove and the Zenaida dove. Like most doves they are wary and will flee if they feel in danger.


The scaly-naped pigeon lays one to two eggs in a nest constructed mostly in trees.


The species feeds primarily on the fruits and seeds of trees.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Patagioenas squamosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22690241A93267191. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22690241A93267191.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.

External links[edit]