Scandinavian and Russian taiga

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Forest of Pinus sylvestris with an understory of Calluna vulgaris in Leivonmäki National Park, Finland.

The Scandinavian and Russian taiga is an ecoregion within the Taiga and Boreal forests Biome as defined by the WWF classification (ecoregion PA0608).[1] It is situated in Northern Europe between tundra in the north and temperate mixed forests in the south and occupies about 2,156,900 km² (832,800 mi²) in Norway, Sweden, Finland and the northern part of European Russia, being the largest ecoregion in Europe. In Sweden the taiga is primarily associated with the Norrland terrain.[2]


The Scandinavian and Russian taiga consists of coniferous forests dominated by Pinus sylvestris (in drier locations), often with an understory of Juniperus communis, Picea abies and Picea obovata and a significant admixture of Betula pubescens and Betula pendula. Larix sibirica is characteristic of the eastern part of the ecoregion.

It is bordered by the ecoregions of Scandinavian coastal conifer forests (west), Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands (northwest and upwards in the highlands and mountains), Kola Peninsula tundra (North), Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra (northeast), Urals montane tundra and taiga (east) and Sarmatic mixed forests (south), by the Baltic Sea and White Sea. Geobotanically, it belongs to the Northeastern European floristic province of the Circumboreal Region of the Holarctic Kingdom.

Taiga forest near Archangelsk
There are many rivers and lakes in the Taiga. Norwegian closed-canopy boreal forest at the Arctic Circle in Rana.
East Siberian taiga Russia
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Mongolia, Russia
Urals montane tundra and taiga Russia
West Siberian taiga Russia
Romincka Forest Poland, Russia


  1. ^ "Scandinavian and Russian taiga". Encyclopedia of the Earth. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  2. ^ Sporrong, Ulf (2003). "The Scandinavian landscape and its resources". In Helle, Knut. The Cambridge History of Scandinavia. Cambridge University Press. p. 22.