Scania K-series

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Scania K-series
Australia Wide Coaches - Coach Design bodied Scania K480 EB6X2NI Opticruise - SB94CN.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Scania
Also called K EB, K IA, K IB, K UA, K UB, K UD
Production 2006-present
Assembly
Body and chassis
Class Commercial vehicle
Body style Single-deck bus
Single-deck coach
Single-deck articulated bus
Double-decker bus
Doors 1-1-0
1-2-0
1-1-1
1-2-1
1-1-1-0
Powertrain
Engine
  • Scania DC9/DC12/DT12
  • Scania DC09/DC13
  • Scania OC9/OC09 (CNG)
Power output 230-490 hp
Transmission ZF Ecomat
ZF EcoLife
Scania Comfort Shift
Scania Opticruise
Chronology
Predecessor

The Scania K-series is a series of chassis in Scania's bus and coach range with longitudinally, straight-up mounted engine at the rear, replacing the K- (K94, K114, K124) and L-type (L94) chassis of the 4-series. The K-series was first presented on Busworld 2005[1] in Kortrijk, Belgium and models were available from 2006.

Type designation breakdown[edit]

Plant ant which the veichle was assembled (integral buses only)
  • C: former Kapena plant, Slupsk, Poland (K UB, K UA)
  • L: Lahden Autokori plant, Lahti, Finland - Interlink and OmniExpress (K UB, K IB, K EB)
  • T: Higer plant, china - A30 and A808 Touring coaches (K EB chassis only)
Engine location
  • K: chassis with centrally mounted longitudinal engine behind rearmost axle
Power code

Approximation of the power rating in hp to the nearest ten. The power code has spaces on both sides.

Type of transport
  • E: coach, long distance, high comfort
  • I: intercity, short to long distance, normal comfort
  • U: urban, short distance, normal comfort
Chassis adaption
  • A: articulated bus
  • B: normal bus
  • D: double-decker bus
Wheel configuration
  • 4x2: two-axle bus
  • 6x2: tri-axle bus
  • 6x2/2: tri-axle articulated bus
  • 6x2*4: tri-axle bus with steered tag axle
  • 8x2: quad-axle bus (K IB in Latin America only)
  • 8x2/2: quad-axle articulated bus (K IA only)
Chassis height
  • L: low front, normal rear
  • M: low front and middle, normal rear (K UA only)
  • N: normal front and rear
Suspension
  • B: air suspension front and rear, rigid front axle
  • I: air suspension front and rear, independent front suspension

K 230 UB4x2LB would be a two-axle "low entry" citybus, while K 480 EB6x2*4NI would be a tri-axle long distance coach.

Note: One might think that double-decker coaches are designated as (e.g.) K 440 ED6x2*4NI. But they still use K EB for some reason.

Engines[edit]

When introduced, the K-series was available with Euro IV-compliant 8.9-litre (8867 cc) 5-cylinder engines (DC9) with output of 230 hp (1050 Nm), 270 hp (1250 Nm) and 310 hp (1550 Nm) as well as the 11.7-litre (11705 cc) 6-cylinder engines (DC12) with output of 340 hp (1700 Nm), 380 hp (1900 Nm), 420 hp (2100 Nm) or 470 hp (2200 Nm), the latter being a DT12 turbo-compound engine. For the 5- and 6-cylinder engines Scania is using exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems to fulfill the legal Euro emission standards.

In 2008 Scania released upgraded Euro V engines in order to meet these regulations. The 5-cylinder DC9 (later DC09) engines featured a larger bore and displace 9.3-litres (9291 cc) instead of 8.9-litres. The new DC13 engines feature both a larger bore and a longer stroke, and therefore displace 12.7-litres (12742 cc) instead of 11.7-litres. Some engines also received slight performance improvements, for example the DC9 engine that outputs 310 hp (1550 Nm) was upgraded to 320 hp (1600 Nm).

With the introduction of Euro VI engines in 2013, the DC09 outputs 250 hp (1250 Nm), 280 hp (1400 Nm), 320 hp (1600 Nm) and 360 hp (1700 Nm), while the DC13 outputs 410 hp (2150 Nm), 450 hp (2350 Nm) and 490 hp (2550 Nm).[2] Euro III, IV and V engines are still available for export markets.

For alternative fuels, the 9.3-litre was available as the OC9 CNG engine with power outputs of 270 hp (1100 Nm) and 305 hp (1250 Nm), which from the introduction of Euro VI was replaced by the OC09 with power outputs of 280 hp (1350 Nm) and 340 hp (1600 Nm). The 8.9-litre is available as the ethanol fueled DC9 E02 with a power output of 270 hp (1200 Nm).

Scania K EB[edit]

Langley's Coaches, Dubbo Coach Design bodied K480EB

The K280EB, K310EB, K320EB, K340EB, K360EB, K380EB, K400EB, K410EB, K420EB, K440EB, K450EB, K470EB, K480EB and K490EB chassis have independent front suspension and are used for top end coaches (4x2, 6x2 and 6x2*4).

Scania K IA[edit]

TransJakarta Scania K320IA Euro VI (CNG)
TransJakarta Gemilang Coachworks bodied Scania K340IA

The K310IA is an articulated intercity bus chassis available in Latin America as 6x2/2 and 8x2/2.

TransJakarta has one K340IA (CNG) (fleet no. TJ 0187), 51 units K320IA (CNG) (fleet no. TJ 0188-0238) and 56 units K320IA (CNG) (fleet no. MB1601- 1656) from TransJakarta operator PT. Mayasari Bakti

The CNG engine fulfills emission euro 6, powered by Scania OC09 102 340 horsepower (K340IA) and OC09 106 320 horsepower (K320IA)

Scania K IB[edit]

The K270IB, K280IB, K310IB, K320IB, K340IB, K360IB, K380IB, K400IB and K420IB are the intercity bus variants but are also used for coaches. Available as 4x2, 6x2, 6x2*4 and 8x2.

Philippines[edit]

BJ Mercantile, the distributor of Scania commercial vehicles in the Philippines is interesting a signed coachwork contract with Del Monte Motor Works Inc. to start production of the DM16 to be built on the left hand drive version of the K360IB bus chassis.

Scania K UA[edit]

The K270UA, K280UA, K305UA (CNG), K310UA, K320UA, and K360UA are the articulated (6x2/2) citybus variant which can be ordered with the two stronger 9-litre diesel engine variants or the strongest 9-litre CNG engine variant.

Sydney Buses currently has one K310UA (Fleet No. 2111) in service on Metrobus Route 10, plying between Maroubra Junction and Leichhardt via CBD.

In Adelaide, Light-City Buses currently have 65 K320UA units (1101-1119, 1121-1166) plus 5 K360UAs (1849-1850, 803-805). In addition Torrens Transit has one K310UA unit (1015) which was used as an initial trial bus on the O-bahn and is owned by Scania. TT also has 12 K320UAs (1170-1181) and 4 K360UAs (1182, R806-R808). Southlink currently have 20 K320UA units (2831-2850) plus 16 K360UAs (2851-2857, 3371-3376 and R800-R802). There is also a K320UD being trialled in the hills (3401)

Scania K UB[edit]

Ulsterbus Wright Solar bodied K230UB

The K230UB, K250UB, K270UB, K280UB, K305UB (CNG), K310UB, K320UB, and K360UB are the rigid (4x2 or 6x2*4) citybus variant which can be ordered with all 9-litre engines. A pair of K380UB 6x2*4 with the 11.7-litre engine has also been made for a customer in Norway.

Australia[edit]

Sydney Buses Volgren bodied K310UB
ACTION Custom Coaches bodied K230UB
Hillsbus Volgren bodied Scania K310UB 14.5m at Castle Hill
Hillsbus Volgren bodied K230UB at Castle Hill

Numerous bus operators in Australia have operate the Scania K-series chassis.

In Melbourne, CDC Melbourne, Invicta Bus Services, Transdev Melbourne and Ventura Bus Lines all operate fleets of K230UBs. In Geelong, CDC Geelong operates a number of K230UBs and McHarry's Buslines also operate a number of K270UBs, K270IBs, K280UBs, K280IBs, K320IBs and one K310IB.

In Sydney, Busways and ComfortDelGro Cabcharge's Hillsbus and Hunter Valley Buses subsidiaries have significant numbers of K230UBs, K280UBs and K310UBs in their fleet.[3] Transdev NSW also operates a fleet of K230UBs[4] while Sydney Buses operate K280UBs.[5]

In Canberra, ACTION Buses operates a large fleet of K320UBs, K230UBs and some 14.5m K310UBs.

In Adelaide, Light City Buses has 112 K230UB units, of which 98 are used on the O-Bahn Busway. Greater-northern and greater-southern, and hills operator SouthLink has 34 K230UB units + 13 KUB units for use in the Adelaide Hills.

New Zealand[edit]

In New Zealand, NZ Bus has 2 types of K-series buses. One is Designline body fleets are 21-series which have got K270UB from 2008 till 2009. However 2101 (North Star) and 2111 (Go Wellington) are first Scania K-series bus in NZ. In 2010 new model of 21-series have produced which have got K280UB. Owned by North Star, Go West, Metrolink, Go Wellington and new models are by Waka pacific. In 2010 NZ bus also received a new fleet of Scania K-series buses as its 22-series. These buses are built by Kiwi Bus Builders and have got K280UB, however recently they have changed bus builder to Designline, using same platform as the 21-series. Owned by the Metrolink Roskill depot in Auckland to operate the Mount Eden Road route as a b-line and also by Valley Flyer, in the Hutt Valley for operating services to and from the Wellington CBD and to Wellington Airport.

Singapore[edit]

SBS Transit[edit]

SBS Transit Scania K230UB Euro IV
SBS Transit Euro V Scania K230UB, 600 buses of this type were purchased

SBS Transit currently operates one of the largest fleet of Scania K-series buses in the world, with a total of 1,101 single-deck K230UBs and a K310UD.

The company made its first purchase of 500 K230UBs[6] at a cost of S$180 million in early 2007, as part of its scheme to replace most of the ageing fleet and compliance with the new Euro IV emission standards set by local authorities.[7] The single-deck buses are wheelchair accessible and have 2 wheelchair bays each. They are also fitted with 6-speed ZF automatic transmission, bodied by Gemilang Coachwork of Malaysia with a modified Scania licensed front.

In September 2008, [SBS Transit purchased another 400 K230UBs at the cost of S$147 million, with similar features to the first batch of 500. However, these buses had Euro V engine as standard, one wheelchair bay each in favor of extra seating.

SBS Transit made a last order for 200 more K230UBs in August 2009 at a cost of S$72 million.

Early Withdrawal

SBS8900B was caught in an accident at Ayer Rajah Bus Park on Service 48 and was deregistered and scrapped in 2013.

Other operators[edit]

Singapore Ducktours has 9 Scania K230UBs (3 under 2007, 4 under 2010 and 2 under 2011), configured as open top double deckers with bodywork by Soon Chow Corporation for its Hippotours service.

Singapore Changi Airport contracted Woodlands Transport Service Pte Ltd to operate 3 Gemilang-bodied Scania K230UB for its internal shuttle services (Budget Terminal >> Terminal 2). Upon withdrawal of the shuttle services(due to the closure of Budget Terminal), these buses were repainted into SATS gateway livery and are used inside the Airport runway.

Resorts World Sentosa operates a handful of KUBs to provide shuttle services for its hotel guests. These buses were bodied by SC Auto in a coach configuration.

ComfortDelGro Bus also operates a handful of SC Auto-bodied K230UBs for its National University of Singapore internal shuttle service.

Hong Kong[edit]

Kowloon Motor Bus 12 metre K230UB

In 2008, Kowloon Motor Bus purchased 30 Scania K230UBs with Euro IV engines and Salvador Caetano body, 20 of which were 10.6m and the remainder were 12m in length. All were delivered in 2009.

The twenty 10.6m versions of K230UBs have been registered between April and June 2009 and known as the ASB class. After undergoing tests, the first few units were finally introduced on route 2C plying between Yau Yat Tsuen and Tsim Sha Tsui on Sunday, 24 May 2009. Some other buses have also been introduced on suburban routes, such as route 7M & 24.

The ten 12m versions of K230UBs have also been registered between June and August 2009 and known as the ASC class.

A further 20 K230UBs of 12m length were ordered afterwards, with one being a Euro V demonstrator of the ASCU class.

Malaysia[edit]

Rapid KL Scania K270UB4x2

Rapid Bus, a Prasarana Malaysia subsidiary company currently operate one of the largest fleet of Scania K-series buses, with a total of 790 single-deck K250UB and K270UBs with three different service brands.

In 2009, 200 Scania K270UB Euro IV units were delivered to Rapid Penang. An additional order for 80 Scania K250UB Euro III units was placed in 2012, all with a total length of 10.7m.

In 2011, Rapid KL placed an order for 150 Scania K270UB Euro IV units. The bodywork and interior of these buses bear close resemblance to the Euro V units SBS Transit has introduced earlier. Rapid KL placed a follow up order for 300 units of K250UB Euro III vehicles in 2015.

Ten units Scania K250UB Euro III have gone in operation in December 2012. A total of 60 units has been purchased. The buses have restyled front and rear as well as a newly developed driver's place.

Scania K UD[edit]

The K280UD, K310UD and K320UD is the double-deck citybus variant with an 8.9-litre DC9-18 5-cylinder 310 hp Euro IV compliant engine (hence the 310 in K310UD), or a 9.3-litre DC9-29 5-cylinder 280 hp Euro V compliant engine. The 'U' indicates the bus is designed for urban application, the 'D' points out the chassis is made for a double decker.

Hong Kong[edit]

Kowloon Motor Bus Scania K310UD
Citybus Scania K280UD

Kowloon Motor Bus of Hong Kong received two Scania K310UD (complete designation: K310UD6x2EB. The 6x2 shows the bus has a rigid bogie) buses with and ZF 6HP602 gearbox, the rear drive axle has a ratio (differential) of 6.20 and is also a product of ZF. The bus was designed in close co-operation with the body constructor Salvador Caetano (Waterlooville) in order to save weight.[8]

The first one has been registered as MT6551 in March 2007 and entered service on route 104 in August 2007 after testing. The second one has been registered as NE6817 and entered service on route 69X in February 2008.

The K310UD6x2EB is the replacement of the unique K94UB6x2/4LB and also the second type of Scania double-decker bus (the first type is the Scania N113) for KMB.

KMB later ordered a further 20 more units of the K310UD in 2009, they were registered in January 2010.

ASU1 and ASU2 were de-registered in March 2012, and were shipped back to Sweden afterwards.

In March 2011, Citybus received one Scania K280UD (complete designation: K280UD6x2EB) tri-axle double decker. This is the second Scania bus acquired by Citybus, about 10 years after the unique K94UB6x2/4LB was introduced in 2001 (fleet no. 2800). It is equipped with a Euro V compliant Scania DC9-29 engine, rated at 280 hp with maximum torque 1400Nm, both of which are lower than the KMB counterparts (310 hp power output with 1550Nm maximum torque), coupled to a ZF Ecomat 4 6HP604 NBS 6-speed gearbox. It is also bodied by Salvador Caetano, but with some minor changes from KMB ones.

KMB also received two Scania K280UD buses in late 2014 with newly designed Salvador Caetano bodywork. These two buses, like the one purchased by Citybus, are also equipped with Euro V compliant Scania DC9-29 engine. These two buses features orange Hanover LED destination signs and uses high capacity layout with square staircase. The first bus has been registered as TE7277 with the fleet code ASUD1 in February 2015, with the second one registered as TF6087 with fleet code ASUD2 in March 2015.

Singapore[edit]

SBS Transit Scania K310UD

SBS Transit received a K310UD demonstrator unit with Gemilang Coachwork Sdn Bhd bodywork in mid-March 2010.

New Zealand[edit]

Auckland received a K320UD unit with Gemilang Coachwork Sdn Bhd bodywork in February 2013. It entered service on 6 March 2013.

See also[edit]

  • Scania F-series - Series of bus and coach chassis with engine at the front.
  • Scania N-series - Series of city bus chassis with straight-up, transversely mounted engine at the rear.
  • Scania 4-series - Bus range introduced in 1997. It is the successor of the 3-series bus range and was superseded by the F-series, N-series and K-series.
  • List of buses

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Scania K-series at Wikimedia Commons