Scania PRT-range

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Scania PRT-range
ScaniaTrucks.jpg
Scania G 420, P 380, R 420 and more.
Overview
Manufacturer Scania
Also called
  • Scania PRT-range
  • Scania PGRT-range
Production 2004–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
Class Commercial vehicle
Body style
Powertrain
Engine
  • 8.9 L DC9 I5
  • 9.3 L DC09 I5
  • 10.6 L DC11 I6
  • 11.7 L DC12 I6
  • 12.7 L DC13 I6
  • 15.6 L DC16 V8
  • 16.4 L DC16 V8
Power output 230-730 hp
Transmission
  • Manual (standard)
  • Scania Opticruise
Chronology
Predecessor Scania 4-series
Scania R 500 LA6x2HHA tractor unit with pre-2009 styling in the Netherlands.
Scania P 340 LB4x2HHA fire engine in Hammarö, Sweden.
Scania P 380 tipper truck in Russia.
Custom painted Scania R 500 with 2009 facelift at the Truckstar Festival 2013 in Assen (NL).
A former Scania T 500 test truck, converted by Sven-Erik "Svempa" Bergendahl into a roadster, fitted with a twin-turbo and named the R 999 "Red Pearl".
Scania R 730 CA8x8EHZ with CR31 CrewCab, eight-wheel drive heavy-haulage tractor at Norway Trade Fairs in Lillestrøm, Norway in 2011.[1]

The Scania PRT-range (also known as Scania LPGRS-range or Scania PGRT-range),[2] also referred to as new truck range or Scania's truck range, is the current range of trucks produced by the Swedish commercial vehicle manufacturer Scania. It was first introduced as the successor to the 4-series in spring 2004 with the high forward control cab Scania R-series, followed by the low forward control cab Scania P-series and bonneted cab Scania T-series later in the year. In 2005, the T-series was dropped from the lineup, and in 2007 the medium forward control cab Scania G-series was introduced. The entire range is modular, giving a wide range of different configurations for different types of trucks. The trucks are available with engines ranging from a 9-litre I5 to a 16-litre V8, with the V8 only being available in the R-series (and formerly T-series). A second generation launched in August 2016, first was the Scania S-series being the first flat-floor model. In December 2017, a low-end version of the second generation, the Scania L-series, also launched.

First generation (2004–2016)[edit]

The range was first launced with the R-series on 31 March 2004, replacing the R94, R114, R124 and R164 of the 4-series. It had 65 percent of the same components as its predecessors, but with a new cab design, new interior and other technical improvements. Full-scale production started in Södertälje (Sweden) in April, Zwolle (the Netherlands) in May and in Angers (France) in June. At launch it was available with Euro III engines, but with a 420 hp Euro IV engine available from September.[3] On 20 August, the P- and T-series were launched too, completing the new truck range and replacing the rest of the 4-series models. The new models made their public debut at the IAA commercial vehicle show in Hanover in late September.[4] Production of the 4-series was continued at the Scania Latin America plant in São Bernardo do Campo (Brazil), but was from October 2004 relaunched as the Série Evolução (Evolution Series), featuring the new engines of the PRT-range and the same new model designation, but with the old 4-series cabs.[5][6]

In October 2005, Scania decided to discontinue the bonneted T-series, having lost its market share over the years. Over the last decade the sales had been halved in Europe and gone down 90 percent in Latin America. In 2004, fewer than 1,000 bonneted Scania trucks were sold worldwide, meaning there was no longer a market for it.[7] In late 2006, Scania launched a new low-entry version of the P-series cab, known as the CP19E, specially intended for garbage trucks, where the driver needs to get in and out quickly.[8] This cab was targeted as a competitor to the Mercedes-Benz Econic.

On 5 September 2007, Scania launched the all-new G-series, with a cab height between the P-series and the R-series. It should not be confused with the old G cab of the 2- and 3-series, which was even lower than the P cab, nor with the G chassis of the 4-series (i.e. 94G).[9] On 9 October 2007, the new range was also launched in Latin America, featuring all three P-, G- and R-series from the start.[10] In April 2008, Scania unveiled their first ethanol-powered (ED95) trucks, having manufactured ethanol-powered buses for nearly two decades.[11]

On 17 September 2009, an upgraded R-series was launched with many new features including a sharper exterior styling with larger grille openings,[12] new interior details including the possibility of a factory-installed coffeemaker,[13] new version of the Scania Opticruise gear system with automatic clutch[14] and a driver support system.[15] The G-series received the upgrade shortly afterwards, and the P-series during 2011.

In April 2010, Scania launched a new version of its V8 engine, allowing a maximum output of 730 hp and 3500 N·m in trucks, and preparing for the future Euro VI emission requirements.[16] The new R 730 then became the most powerful large-scale production truck in the world,[citation needed] only to be surpassed by the Volvo FH16 750 (750 hp, 3550 N·m) in September 2011.

Second generation (2016–present)[edit]

Since Scania signed a deal with Porsche Engineering in August 2010, a completely new truck cab has been in development.[17] From early 2014, several masked prototypes have been spotted on roads in Sweden,[18][19] Spain[20] and Norway.[21][22] The next generation of trucks from Scania was launched at the Grand Palais in Paris on 23 August 2016.[23] The launch included new R-series sleeper cab[24] and the all-new S-series sleeper cab[25] which offers a flat interior floor. Other cab heights, including R-series day cab, of the new generation will have a later launch. The first display of the new generation to a public audience occurred at the Elmia Lastbil fair in Jönköping on 24 August.[26]

The low-end version called the L series was added to the lineup in December 2017.

Scania XT[edit]

Introduced in September 2017, the Scania XT-range[27] is the first independently tailor-made construction model. It features a rugged styling and an all-new heavy duty bumper which extends 150 millimetres from the front of the cab with an improved approach angle and reinforced ribbed rear view mirrors instead of standard ones. It is distinguished by one-piece bumper, headlight protection, robust mirror casings and a high air intake. Both features provide additional operational durability and combine to give a distinct and rugged visual identity. The bumper also incorporates an easily accessible towing device located behind the foldable registration plate holder. It is certified for 40 tonnes, enabling the vehicle to pull other vehicles and equipment as well as to be towed when needed. Other features include slip proof steps, XT branded seats and high-edge rubber mats, and to further set the XT range apart a number of exterior and interior options.

XT models are available with a variety of options to improve safety and efficiency. EBS with discs or drums, new two-leaf parabolic front springs and enlarged wheel housings to accommodate larger than normal wheel/tyre combinations, can be specified together with two different vertical exhaust stack options.

Its progressive application means it will automatically activate at low speed when the driver's safety belt is undone or the door is opened.

In conjunction with the electronic parking brake, hill hold has been enhanced by the removal of a time limit for its activation, and automatic re-application in stop-start traffic queues.

Engines and Transmissions shared with the same new generation has been available.

Engines[edit]

New diesel engines currently available in selected truck models as of December 2017. A liquefied natural gas (LNG) was added into the lineup in late 2017.

Diesel engines
Engine [Model] Production [Year] Displacement Cylinder
DC07 2017- 6,692 cc (408.4 cu in) I6
DC09 2017- 9,291 cc (567.0 cu in) I5
DC13 2016- 12,742 cc (777.6 cu in) I6
DC16 2016- 16,353 cc (997.9 cu in) V8

Model designation[edit]

Scania use different model designations for different contexts. A simplified truck model designation is used for marketing and is visible in the grille. Another complete designation defines the characteristics of the chassis and the drivetrain, and a third designation defines the cab configuration.[28]

Truck model[edit]

The simplified truck model name consists of the cab type and power code, divided by a space. Examples: R 730, G 440, P 270.

Complete vehicle[edit]

Cab type
  • L: Low-end forward control cab
  • P: Low forward control cab
  • G: Medium forward control cab
  • R: High forward control cab
  • T: Bonneted cab
  • S: Highest forward control cab with flat floor
Power code

Approximation of the power rating in hp to the nearest ten. The power code has spaces on both sides.

Type of transport
  • L: Long-distance haulage
  • D: Distribution
  • C: Construction
Chassis adaption
Wheel configuration
  • 4x2: two-axle
  • 4x4: two-axle, all-wheel drive
  • 6x2: tri-axle, rigid tag axle
  • 6x2/2: tri-axle, rigid pusher axle
  • 6x2/4: tri-axle, steered pusher axle
  • 6x2*4: tri-axle, steered tag axle
  • 6x4: tri-axle, double drive axle
  • 6x6: tri-axle, all-wheel drive
  • 8x2: four-axle, double front axle, rigid tag axle
  • 8x2/4: four-axle, steered pusher axle, rigid tag axle
  • 8x2*6: four-axle, double front axle, steered tag axle
  • 8x4: four-axle, double front axle, double drive axle
  • 8x4*4: four-axle, double drive axle, steered tag axle
  • 8x8: four-axle, all-wheel drive
Duty class
  • M: Medium duty, for transport on even surfaces
  • H: Heavy duty, for transport on uneven surfaces
  • E: Extra heavy duty, for off-road transport
Chassis height
  • E: Extra low
  • L: Low
  • N: Normal
  • S: Semi high
  • H: High
Suspension
  • A: leaf-spring suspension front and air suspension rear
  • B: air suspension front and rear
  • Z: leaf-spring suspension front and rear

Examples:

  • P 230 DB4x2MNA: Low forward control cab, 230 hp, distribution truck
  • R 730 CA8x8EHZ: High forward control cab, 730 hp, four-axle all-wheel drive, off-road tractor unit

Cab[edit]

Cab type

The cab type consists of C and the corresponding letter for the main cab type; CP, CG, CR and CT.

Cab length

Interior distance between front and rear walls, measured in decimetres.

  • 14: Short cab
  • 16: Day cab
  • 19: Sleeper cab
  • 28: CrewCab (5−6 persons)
  • 31: Long CrewCab (6−8 persons)
  • 32: Extended sleeper cab
Roof height
  • N: Normal
  • L: Low
  • E: Low boarding step, normal roof height (Low entry)
  • H: High (Scania Highline)
  • T: Full height (Scania Topline)

Examples:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Spacious all-wheel-drive heavy-haulage tractor – tailored solutions are standard from Scania" (PDF). Scania AB. 8 September 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016.
  2. ^ "2004: Launch of the R-series". Scania AB. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Scania launches new truck range: Operating economy, driver appeal, Euro 4 engines". Scania AB. 31 March 2004. Archived from the original on 15 April 2004.
  4. ^ "Scania's new truck range complete" (PDF). Scania AB. 20 August 2004. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Caminhões Scania têm nova identificação" [Scana trucks have new identification] (in Portuguese). Scania Latin America. 27 October 2004. Archived from the original on 7 April 2005.
  6. ^ "Caminhões Scania − Rodoviário" [Scana Trucks − On Road] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Scania Latin America. October 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2005.
  7. ^ "Scania's T-model says goodbye (extended version)". Scania AB. 21 April 2005. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  8. ^ "Scania launches refuse collection trucks with innovative low-entry cab" (PDF). Scania AB. 7 December 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  9. ^ "Extended truck range: 50% broader choice with P-, G- and R-series" (PDF). Scania AB. 5 September 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Renovação completa da linha de caminhões Scania: Séries P, G e R com novas cabines e motores" [Complete renovation of Scania truck range: P-, G- and R-series with new cabins and engines] (in Portuguese). Scania Latin America. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007.
  11. ^ "World premiere for Scania's first ethanol-powered trucks − rapid transition to sustainable urban transport" (PDF). Scania AB. 15 April 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  12. ^ "New Scania R-series: Sharper look with improved fuel economy". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  13. ^ "New Scania R-series: Improved truck driver station – and sleeping comfort". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  14. ^ "New Scania R-series: Faster gearchanges and precision clutch control". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  15. ^ "New Scania R-series: Real time advice saves fuel". Scania AB. 17 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  16. ^ "Scania completes its changeover to Euro 6 technology with the world's most powerful truck" (PDF). Scania AB. 16 April 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 April 2016.
  17. ^ "Scania signs development agreement with Porsche" (PDF). Scania AB. 30 August 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 September 2010.
  18. ^ "Her er nye Scania" [Here is the new Scania]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 12 February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  19. ^ "Ny anleggs-Scania på vei" [New construction Scania on its way]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 4 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  20. ^ "Scania avslørt i Spania" [Scania revealed in Spain]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 3 September 2014. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  21. ^ "Her er den i Norge" [Here it is in Norway]. at.no (in Norwegian). Bjørgu AS. 24 April 2015. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  22. ^ "Spionbilder av Scania på norske skilter" [Spy photos of Scania on Norwegian plates]. Transportmagasinet (in Norwegian). Fagmedia AS. 12 January 2016. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  23. ^ "Grandiose birth of a new Scania". Scania AB. 23 August 2016. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  24. ^ "New R-series". Scania AB. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Sseries". Scania AB. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Solen sken över Scanias historiska premiär" [Sun was shining over Scania's historical premiere] (in Swedish). Elmia. 24 August 2016. Archived from the original on 24 August 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  27. ^ "SCANIA XT RANGE". Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Chassis information and model designations". Scania AB. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 April 2016.

External links[edit]