Scapular of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
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The Scapular of the Immaculate Heart of Mary is a Roman Catholic devotional scapular. This white scapular originated in 1877 with the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. It was sanctioned and endowed with indulgences by Pope Pius IX in May 1877. The scapular was later approved by the Congregation of Rites in 1907 and assigned indulgences.
The scapular is made of white fabric and the front has an image of the burning heart of Mary, out of which grows a lily; the heart is encircled by a wreath of roses and pierced with a sword. A Crux immissa or an image of Mater Misericordiæ appears on the reverse.
- Matthew Bunson, 2004, Encyclopedia of Catholic History, OSV Press ISBN 978-1-59276-026-8 page 804
- Carroll, Michael P. (1992-01-01). The Cult of the Virgin Mary: Psychological Origins. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691028672.
- Ann Ball, 2003 Encyclopedia of Catholic Devotions and Practices ISBN 0-87973-910-X page 217
- Catholic Encyclopedia 
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