Scarlat Callimachi (hospodar)

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Scarlat Callimachi

Scarlat Callimachi (Istanbul, 1773 – December 12, 1821, Klaudioupolis, Bithynia) was Grand Dragoman of the Sublime Porte 1801–1806, Prince of Moldavia between August 24, 1806 – October 26, 1806, August 4, 1807 – June 13, 1810, September 17, 1812 – June 1819 and Prince of Wallachia between February 1821 – June 1821.

A member of the Callimachi family, he was the son of Alexandru Callimachi and Ruxandra Ghica, and married Smaragda Mavrogheni.[1] In 1810, during the Russo-Turkish War, he was imprisoned by the Russians, and taken to Kharkiv. He regained the Moldovan throne in 1812. Scarlat Callimachi adopted new laws and cut taxes for the boyars. He took measures against the plague, maintained upkeep of wood paved streets, supported Gheorghe Asachi's Romanian-language movement, and introduced potatoes to Moldavia.

In 1819 Scarlat Callimachi was taken to Istanbul to be executed after being suspected of collaborating with the Russians. He managed to have the sentence cancelled and in 1821 was appointed by the Porte to be Hospodar of Wallachia. He was Prince de jure a few months in 1821 and was unable to claim the throne. The Greek War of Independence broke out in 1821, and Callimachi died poisoned later that year, under suspicion of being pro-Greek.


Preceded by
Alexandru Moruzi
Ruler of Moldavia
1806
Succeeded by
Alexandru Moruzi
Preceded by
Alexandru Hangerli
Ruler of Moldavia
1807–1810
Succeeded by
Iordache Ruset-Roznovanu
Preceded by
Veniamin Costache
Ruler of Moldavia
1812–1819
Succeeded by
Mihail Sutu
Preceded by
Tudor Vladimirescu
Ruler of Wallachia
1821
Succeeded by
Grigore IV Ghica

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