|Union||Welsh Rugby Union|
|Ground(s)||Parc y Scarlets (Capacity: 14,870)|
|Most caps||Vernon Cooper (369)|
|Top scorer||Stephen Jones (2,850)|
|Most tries||Wayne Proctor (173)|
|League(s)||United Rugby Championship|
|2021–22||2nd, Welsh Shield |
The Scarlets (Welsh: Y Scarlets) are one of the four professional Welsh rugby union teams and are based in Llanelli, Wales. Their home ground is the Parc y Scarlets stadium. They play in the United Rugby Championship and the European Rugby Champions Cup (which replaced the Heineken Cup from the 2014–15 season). The club was originally named the Llanelli Scarlets but was renamed at the start of the 2008–09 rugby season.
The Llanelli Scarlets were founded in 2003, as one of the five (now four) regional teams created by the Welsh Rugby Union (WRU). The Scarlets are affiliated with a number of semi-professional and amateur clubs throughout the area, including Welsh Premier Division sides Llanelli RFC, Carmarthen Quins RFC and Llandovery RFC. Through the 2007–08 season, they played most of their games at Stradey Park in Llanelli, but they have also played matches at the Racecourse Ground in Wrexham. The club's new stadium, Parc y Scarlets (English: Scarlets Park), was constructed in nearby Pemberton, and opened in November 2008.
In 2003, the WRU elected to reduce the top tier of Welsh professional rugby from nine clubs into five regions during the introduction of regional rugby union teams in Wales, attempting to mirror the successful formats in Ireland, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
Initially, it was planned to have a region playing at Stradey Park, with players coming from Llanelli, Swansea and Neath. This was then modified to have Llanelli and Swansea merging, while Neath joined with Bridgend. Llanelli were opposed to both plans and requested standalone status. Eventually, Llanelli and Cardiff were allowed to remain independent. The Llanelli Scarlets brand was officially launched on 7 July 2003.
Despite always having been a 100% owned Llanelli RFC subsidiary, the Scarlets were originally conceived as representing the whole of West and North Wales. In the early seasons of Regional Rugby, the Scarlets played a small number of games in the Racecourse Ground in Wrexham. Whilst nominally continuing to be the Regional Franchisee for North Wales, the Scarlets presence there has withered. As of 2018, the Scarlets consider their region to represent the three counties of Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion and Pembrokeshire. Following the Scarlets' short lived forays into North Wales, the vacuum has in effect been filled by RGC 1404, (formed in 2007, and like the original regional franchisees formed four years earlier a top down creation of the WRU) which has become something of an unofficial 'four and a halfth' region.
Llanelli RFC, which owns the Scarlets franchise continues as a Principality Premiership semi professional side, in the same way as Cardiff RFC, (the stand-alone owner of The Blues Franchise), and alongside other Scarlets feeder clubs Llandovery and Carmarthen Quinns.
Largely drawn from the very successful Llanelli RFC side of the preceding year, the Scarlets carried that success forward into their inaugural season. They reached the last eight of the 2003–04 Heineken Cup and finished the Celtic League season as champions by four points over Ulster. In the Heineken Cup, the Scarlets were drawn in Pool Four along with Northampton Saints, Agen and Border Reivers. The Scarlets won five of their six matches, losing only to Agen, and finished at the top of their pool before losing to French club Biarritz 27–10 in the quarter-final.
The following season, however, was less successful. Plagued by injuries and retirements, as well as the transfer of influential fly-half Stephen Jones to Clermont, the Scarlets finished a disappointing fifth in the league. They were even less successful in the Heineken Cup, winning just two of their six pool games to finish third in the pool behind Northampton Saints and Toulouse. The salvation of their season came in reaching the final of the Celtic Cup, in which they lost 26–17 to Munster.
The Scarlets again failed to qualify from their Heineken Cup group in 2005–06 and finished sixth in the Celtic League. They did, however, find more success in the newly restructured Anglo-Welsh Cup. After finishing at the top of their pool, they defeated Bath by one point in the semi-finals to reach the final against London Wasps at Twickenham; missing several international players, they lost 26–10. In the Heineken Cup, it was a similar story to the previous season, with the Scarlets winning two of their six fixtures to finish third in the pool again, behind Toulouse and Wasps. Despite finishing sixth in the Celtic League, the team qualified for the Heineken Cup for the 2006–07 season as the second-best-placed Welsh team in the league. They also re-signed Stephen Jones and full-back Barry Davies extended his contract to stay with the Scarlets. The Scarlets' Director of Rugby, Gareth Jenkins, had been appointed as Wales' national team coach, having been with the region since its inception. Phil Davies, then coach of Leeds Tykes, replaced Jenkins at the Scarlets.
At the first home game of the 2006–07 season, an information sheet was handed out to supporters with details of the club's financial situation. There was opposition by local residents to plans by the Scarlets to move to a new stadium and sell their current ground for housing development. The information sheet stated that, due to delays caused by the opposition and benefactors pulling out of the club, it was "extremely unlikely that [the Llanelli Scarlets] could survive to the end of the present season unless other financial assistance is found", which would result in "the loss, probably for all time, of professional rugby in West Wales." Local residents believed, however, that the infrastructure, such as roads and schools, will not cope with 450 new houses being built on the site. On 28 November 2006, the regions secured investment from Tim Griffiths, a London-based businessman.
In the 2006–07 Heineken Cup, the Scarlets recorded one of the most famous victories in their brief history as a region, defeating Toulouse 41–34 away, despite twice trailing by 21 points. This was an unexpected victory, despite the Scarlets having won their first three games of the 2006–07 competition. They later secured their place in the Heineken Cup quarter-final with a convincing 35–11 win over Ulster at Ravenhill. The Scarlets went on to become only the fifth team in the history of the competition to win all their pool matches. They beat current holders Munster 24–15 at Stradey Park in the quarter-finals, but were beaten 33–17 in the semis by a strong Leicester side, putting an end to their hopes of making it 'third time lucky' in Heineken Cup semi-finals. On 30 April 2008, Phil Davies was controversially sacked as the Scarlets' head coach. The reasons for his departure remain unclear, but it is believed that he found out via the media before being informed by club chairman Stuart Gallacher.
The Scarlets moved from Stradey Park at the end of November 2008 to a new ground at Pemberton called Parc y Scarlets. The final Scarlets match played at Stradey Park was on 24 October 2008, against Bristol in the group stage of the Anglo-Welsh Cup. The Scarlets won 27–0 in front of a capacity crowd, which included former Llanelli captains such as Delme Thomas and Phil Bennett.
The Scarlets' first match at their new home was an 18–16 Celtic League defeat to Munster on 28 November 2008. Their first Heineken Cup match at Parc y Scarlets was held on 12 December against Ulster which ended in a 16–16 draw. Both matches were held with reduced capacity, as law requires that a new stadium hold three events at reduced capacity before it is authorised for its full capacity. The official opening ceremony was on 31 January 2009 when the Scarlets faced the Barbarians.
2014–2019: the Wayne Pivac years
After the 2013–14 season, the Scarlets had numerous changes in coaching staff. Forwards coach Danny Wilson departed for Bristol Rugby, while Byron Hayward joined as a defense coach. Wayne Pivac was hired as an assistance coach, but selected as head coach when Simon Easterby left the position to become forwards coach with Ireland.
Under Pivac, the Scarlets' performances did not immediately turn around. Centre Jonathan Davies left for Clermont ahead of the 2014–15 season, but Hadleigh Parkes was signed from Auckland, and reunited with former coach Pivac. Mid-table finishes continued for the next two seasons. Mark Jones departed in 2015, replaced by long time Scarlets outside half and London Wasps attack coach Stephen Jones.
Ahead of 2016, Tadhg Beirne joined the side. The Irish forward arrived from Leinster, and capable of playing at lock and in the back row, and proved to be an influential player in the pack. Recruitment was further bolstered with Crusaders back Johnny McNicholl and the return of Jonathan Davies from France. Outside half Rhys Patchell was signed from Cardiff Blues, with Steven Shingler moving in the opposite direction. The season started poorly, with the Scarlets losing their first three matches. Improvements throughout the season saw the Scarlets finish in 3rd place on the table, qualifying for the play-offs. The Scarlets beat Leinster away at the RDS Stadium, 27–15, despite winger Steff Evans being sent off in the first half. The Scarlets beat Munster in the final with an emphatic 46–22 win. This was the Scarlets second title, their first having come in 2004 during the first Celtic League season.
The Scarlets looked to maintain their title the following season in the inaugural Pro14 tournament. Leigh Halfpenny joined from Toulon, replacing outgoing fullback Liam Williams. They topped their pool in the Champions Cup, and defeated La Rochelle in the quarter final, 29–17. The Scarlets fell short of the final, losing to eventual winners Leinster in their semi-final.
They again reached the final in the league, having defeated the Cheetahs and Glasgow in the knock out rounds, but came up short against Leinster, losing 40–32 in the final despite a late flurry of tries and a hat-trick from Johnny McNicholl.
Wayne Pivac was announced as the next Welsh head coach, taking over from Warren Gatland after the 2019 Rugby World Cup. With him left Stephen Jones and Byron Hayward, who joined Pivac on the Welsh coaching staff.
2019–present: Coaching changes
New coach Brad Mooar started the 2019 season well, winning five out of the first six matches, but left before settling in, having been selected by new All Blacks coach Ian Foster to join his staff as assistant coach. The Scarlets and New Zealand Rugby Union agreed to a release for Mooar, and his assistant coach Glenn Delaney was named as his successor. Dwayne Peel was announced as head coach for the forthcoming season, with Delaney moving to a Director of Rugby role. After a poor run of matches, Delaney was relieved of his duties as head coach and departed the club before assuming the role, with Dai Flanagan stepping in as caretaker head coach.
Ahead of the 2021–22 United Rugby Championship, Leinster skills coach Hugh Hogan was brought in as defence coach. Hogan departed after one season, being replaced by Wales assisant coach Gareth Williams.
Few signings were made prior to the new season, with All Blacks utility forward Vaea Fifita the headline acquisition, while Liam Williams departed following his second spell with the club. Longtime prop Rob Evans followed Steff Hughes, and former Dragon Angus O'Brien to the newly renamed Dragons RFC, along with backs coach Dai Flanagan, who was named as their new head coach.
Following their collapse in October 2022, Wasps head coach Lee Blackett joined as backs coach for the remainder of the season. The season began poorly for the Scarlets, winning only one URC match prior to the international window. Wales prop Sam Wainwright joined midseason, with Samson Lee remaining sidelined with a long term injury. Upon regrouping, fortunes had changed, with the club winning both matches in the first two rounds of the 2022–23 EPCR Challenge Cup pool stages, putting themselves at the top of their pool.
Name and colours
The Scarlets took their name from the nickname of Llanelli RFC, their main feeder club. Llanelli have played in red since 1884 when they played a game against a touring Ireland side. This close link with Llanelli RFC has also led to the Scarlets adopting the scarlet red colour for their primary jerseys, with their secondary colours generally being blue.
The region was originally named the Llanelli Scarlets, but was renamed at the start of the 2008–09 rugby season to more accurately represent the area covered by the region.
From 2003 to the 2007–08 season, the Scarlets played most of their home matches at Llanelli's Stradey Park (also the home of Llanelli RFC). However, they have played several games in North Wales, at Wrexham's Racecourse Ground, to promote the region's geographical representation. The last league game played at the Racecourse Ground was in September 2005. The 2006–07 season was planned to be the last season played at Stradey Park, which was subsequently to be demolished for the building of apartments. The Scarlets played every home game of the 2006–07 season at Stradey Park to commemorate the historic ground. They played their last game at Stradey Park on 24 October 2008 against Bristol, and their first game at Parc y Scarlets on 28 November 2008 against Munster.
The new home of the Scarlets and Llanelli RFC, known as Parc y Scarlets (English: Scarlets Park), is in Pemberton. The new stadium cost £23 million to be constructed and holds 14,340 spectators. The first game held at the stadium was Llanelli RFC versus Cardiff RFC held on 15 November 2008. The stadium's main stand is located on the south side of the ground, and houses the new Scarlets museum and club shop, as well as a sports bar, the players' changing rooms and a players' gym. Stadium blueprints planned for the main stand to be about 20 metres (66 ft) tall. Outside the stadium there is a training barn for the players, as well as a training pitch and athletics track. The remainder of the site is taken up by the Parc Trostre retail park.
|(c) denotes the team captain, Bold denotes internationally capped players, L denotes a player on loan at the club, |
ST denotes a player on a short-term deal at the club,
* denotes players qualified to play for Wales on residency or dual nationality.
Players and their allocated positions from the Scarlets website.
|Scarlets Academy squad[a]|
|(c) denotes the team captain, Bold denotes internationally capped players. |
* denotes players qualified to play for Wales on residency or dual nationality.
Players and their allocated positions from the Scarlets website.
British & Irish Lions
The following players were selected for the British & Irish Lions touring squads while contracted to the Scarlets:
- 2005: Simon Easterby, Dwayne Peel
- 2009: Stephen Jones, Matthew Rees
- 2013: Jonathan Davies, George North
- 2017: Jonathan Davies, Ken Owens, Liam Williams
- 2021: Gareth Davies, Wyn Jones, Ken Owens, Liam Williams
Stephen Jones was also selected for the 2005 Lions tour whilst playing for Clermont Auvergne. Former Scarlets Scott Quinnell, Robin McBryde and Dafydd James were also selected for the Lions on the 2001 tour to Australia while playing for Llanelli RFC.
Notable former players
Players who have won over 20 international caps and have played for the Scarlets:
- Josh Adams
- Lee Byrne
- Aled Davies
- John Davies
- Leigh Davies
- Rob Evans
- Dafydd James
- Dafydd Jones
- Mark Jones
- Rhodri Jones
- Stephen Jones
- Robin McBryde
- George North
- Hadleigh Parkes
- Dwayne Peel
- Mike Phillips
- Alix Popham
- Andy Powell
- Rhys Priestland
- Matthew Rees
- Scott Quinnell
- Mark Taylor
- Gavin Thomas
- Iestyn Thomas
- Liam Williams
- Chris Wyatt
- David Lyons
- Jon Thiel
- D. T. H. van der Merwe
- Olly Barkley
- Ben Morgan
- Tadhg Beirne
- Guy Easterby
- Simon Easterby
- Dave Hewett
- Kees Meeuws
- Horațiu Pungea
- Mahonri Schwalger
- John Barclay
- Bruce Douglas
- Sean Lamont
- Scott Macleod
- Herschel Jantjies
- Inoke Afeaki
- Viliame Iongi
- Sililo Martens
- Mike Hercus
- Dave Hodges
|Dai Flanagan (interim)||2021|
Current backroom staff
|Dwayne Peel||Head coach|
|Lee Blackett||Backs and skills coach|
|Gareth Williams||Defence coach|
|Ben Franks||Forwards coach|
|Rhys Jones||Head of strength and conditioning|
|Nigel Ashley-Jones||Head of physical performance|
|Matthew Rees||Head physiotherapist|
Results and statistics
- 2003–04 Llanelli Scarlets season
- 2004–05 Llanelli Scarlets season
- 2005–06 Llanelli Scarlets season
- 2006–07 Llanelli Scarlets season
- 2007–08 Llanelli Scarlets season
- 2008–09 Scarlets season
- 2009–10 Scarlets season
- 2010–11 Scarlets season
- 2011–12 Scarlets season
- 2012–13 Scarlets season
- 2013–14 Scarlets season
- 2014–15 Scarlets season
- 2015–16 Scarlets season
- 2016–17 Scarlets season
- 2017–18 Scarlets season
- 2018–19 Scarlets season
- 2019–20 Scarlets season
- 2020–21 Scarlets season
- 2021–22 Scarlets season
Celtic League / Pro12 / Pro14 / United Rugby Championship
|Semi-final||Ulster 28–17 Scarlets|
|Semi-final||Leinster 15–27 Scarlets|
|Final||Munster 22–46 Scarlets|
|2017–18||2nd, Conference B||21||14||1||6||12||70|
|Quarter-final||Scarlets 46–8 Cheetahs|
|Semi-final||Glasgow Warriors 13–28 Scarlets|
|Final||Leinster 40–32 Scarlets|
|2018–19||4th, Conference B||21||10||0||11||12||52|
|7th, Champions Cup Playoff||Ospreys 21–10 Scarlets|
|2019–20||3rd, Conference B||15[b]||10||0||5||7||47|
|2020–21||3rd, Conference B||16[c]||8||0||8||7||39|
|2003–04||Quarter-final||Llanelli Scarlets 12–14 Connacht|
|2004–05||Quarter-final||Newport Gwent Dragons 19–49 Llanelli Scarlets|
|Semi-final||Llanelli Scarlets 23–15 Neath-Swansea Ospreys|
|Final||Munster 27–16 Llanelli Scarlets|
Heineken Cup / European Champions Cup
|Quarter-final||Llanelli Scarlets 10–27 Biarritz Olympique|
|Quarter-final||Llanelli Scarlets 24–15 Munster|
|Semi-final||Leicester Tigers 33–17 Llanelli Scarlets|
|Quarter-final||Scarlets 29–17 La Rochelle|
|Semi-final||Leinster 38–16 Scarlets|
|Round of 16||Scarlets 14–57 Sale Sharks|
European Challenge Cup
|2009–10||Quarter-final||Toulon 38–12 Scarlets|
|2011–12||Quarter-final||Brive 15–11 Scarlets|
|Quarter-final||Toulon 11–6 Scarlets|
|Semi-final||Llanelli Scarlets 27–26 Bath Rugby|
|Final||London Wasps 26–10 Llanelli Scarlets|
|Semi-final||Northampton Saints 27–12 Llanelli Scarlets|
- 11 teams were involved in this season, so one team did not play each week and were awarded 4 points instead.
Therefore, each team finished the season with 8 more points than the table would seem to warrant.
- Only 15 rounds were played during the 2019–20 season due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe.
- Only 16 rounds were played during the 2020–21 season due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, with the remaining matches replaced by the Pro14 Rainbow Cup competition.
- Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe, only 2 pool games were played during the 2020–21 season.
The knockout stage commenced with a round of 16 consisting of the top 8 ranked teams from each pool.
- Celtic League/Pro12/Pro14:
- United Rugby Championship Welsh Shield
- Runners-up: 1 (2021–22)
- Celtic Cup
- Runners-up: 1 (2004–05)
- Anglo-Welsh Cup
- Runners-up: 1 (2005–06)
ERC Elite Awards
For the 10th anniversary season of the Heineken Cup, ERC, the tournament organisers, introduced the ERC Elite Awards scheme to recognise and reward the players and teams who have made outstanding contributions to the tournament. The Scarlets were awarded the ERC team award for playing 50 games, and Robin McBryde, John Davies, Dafydd James and Iestyn Thomas were recognised for having made 50 appearances in the competition.
- "Player Records". scarlets.co.uk. The Scarlets. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
- "Scarlets drop Llanelli from name". BBC Sport. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
- "Llanelli open new home in style". BBC News. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- "Pro12 final: Munster 22-46 Scarlets". BBC Sport. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
- "WRU drops provincial bombshell". BBC Sport. 20 February 2003. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- "Moffett scraps northern expansion". BBC Sport. 8 January 2003. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- "Layman's guide to Welsh rugby's crisis". BBC Sport. 12 March 2003. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- "Scarlets launch regional vision". BBC Sport. 7 July 2003. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- "Scarlets staying put". Wales Online. 8 June 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Scarlets away kit to be inspired by region's history". BBC News. 14 August 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
- "Scarlets unveil Davies as coach". BBC Sport. 14 August 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- "Scarlets 'saved' by new investor". BBC Sport. 28 November 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- "Scarlets win on Stradey farewell". BBC Sport. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 18 November 2008.
- "Scarlets 16–18 Munster". BBC Sport. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- Roberts, Gareth (12 December 2008). "Scarlets 16–16 Ulster". BBC Sport. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- "Scarlets turn to Nigel Davies". 14 May 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
- "Simon Easterby is appointed the new Scarlets coach". BBC Sport. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "Welsh regions included in Premiership Sevens Series". BBC Sport. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- "Scarlets announce Wayne Pivac will take over as head coach as Simon Easterby pursues new role with Irish national team". Wales Online. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
- "Stephen Jones returning to Scarlets as Mark Jones moves on". Welsh Rugby Union. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Pro12: Leinster 15-27 Scarlets". BBC Sport. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Pro12 final: Munster 22-46 Scarlets". BBC Sport. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Scarlets 29-17 La Rochelle: Wayne Pivac's men book Champions Cup semi-final spot". Sky Sports. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "European Champions Cup: Leinster 38-16 Scarlets". BBC Sport. 21 April 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Pro14 final: Leinster 40-32 Scarlets". BBC Sport. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Wayne Pivac to succeed Gatland as new Wales coach after the World Cup". The Guardian. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Brad Mooar to replace Pivac as Scarlets head coach". ITV News. 3 December 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Scarlets: Glenn Delaney promoted to head coach role". BBC Sport. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
- "Delaney excited for Peel's Scarlets return". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Head coach Delaney leaves Scarlets". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Hogan signs at Scarlets as Whiffin exits". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Wales assistant coach Williams joins Scarlets". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Flanagan named new Dragons head coach". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Blackett joins Scarlets following Wasps exit". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Scarlets hit Cheetahs for six in Challenge Cup". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
- "Llanelli RFC - History". Llanelli RFC. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
- Griffiths, Gareth (17 June 2016). "Scarlets host first match in North Wales for 11 years with Bath pre-season clash". Wales Online. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
- "Scarlets unveil new stadium name". BBC Sport. 20 May 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
- "Scarlets stadium work goes online". BBC News. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
- "Llanelli open new home in style". BBC Sport. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- "The new Llanelli Scarlets stadium". scarlets.co.uk. The Scarlets. 15 February 2008. Archived from the original on 19 February 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
- "Squad". Scarlets Rugby. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
- "Academy". Scarlets. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "Scarlets Lions". scarlets.co.uk. The Scarlets. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009.
- "Scarlets unveil Davies as coach". BBC News. 14 August 2006.
- "Nigel Davies named as Gloucester coach after leaving Scarlets". BBC Sport. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- "Scarlets confirm Wayne Pivac appointment as head coach". BBC Sport. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Scarlets: New coach Brad Mooar aiming to 'dominate competitions'". BBC Sport. 14 August 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Scarlets appoint Glenn Delaney as next head coach". Welsh Rugby Union. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
- "Dwayne Peel: Former Wales scrum-half to take charge of Scarlets next season". BBC Sport. 13 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
- "Pro14 restart: 2019-20 season resumes with derby weekends". BBC.co.uk. BBC Sport. 22 July 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
- "Guinness PRO14 to Conclude in March Ahead of Rainbow Cup with South Africa's Super Teams". www.pro14.rugby. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
- "ERC Elite Awards". 16 January 2004.
- "ERC : Elite Awards : 50 Tournament Caps". Archived from the original on 26 December 2010.