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Crothers performing in 1960
|Born||Benjamin Sherman Crothers
May 23, 1910
Terre Haute, Indiana, United States
|Died||November 22, 1986
Van Nuys, California, United States
|Cause of death||Pneumonia and lung cancer|
|Occupation||Actor, dancer, musician, singer|
|Spouse(s)||Helen Sullivan (1937–1986)|
Benjamin Sherman Crothers (May 23, 1910 – November 22, 1986), known as Scatman Crothers, was an American actor, singer, dancer and musician known for his work as Louie the Garbage Man on the TV show Chico and the Man and as Dick Hallorann in Stanley Kubrick's The Shining (1980), the latter of which earned him the Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor.
He was also a prolific voiceover artist, and provided the voices of Meadowlark Lemon in the Harlem Globetrotters' animated TV series, Jazz the Autobot in The Transformers and The Transformers: The Movie (1986), the title character in Hong Kong Phooey and Scat Cat in the animated Disney film The Aristocats (1970).
Crothers was born in 1910 in Terre Haute, Indiana, the son of Donnie/Donel and Benjamin Crothers. He obtained the name Scatman when he auditioned for a radio show in 1932 at the former WSMK (now WING) in Dayton, Ohio. The director did not think his given name seemed catchy enough, so Crothers devised the handle Scat Man, although this talent, scat singing, would develop later. He continued to enjoy this talent throughout his career, even teaching scat singing to college students. Later, the nickname was condensed to Scatman by Arthur Godfrey. In his early career, he also associated with many Cleveland-based acts and frequently played on the scene in Ohio.
Crothers started his musical career as a 15-year-old drummer in a speakeasy band in his home town of Terre Haute. He played a variety of instruments, including drums and guitar, on jazz club band circuits in his early days as an entertainer. Among the people for whom he performed was the notorious gangster, Al Capone. Crothers formed his own band in the 1930s and traveled to Oakland, California, with the band in 1948. He played piano at the Port O' Call and Walt's 405 Club. He also appeared in a 1950 episode of The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Radio Program performing "Chattanoogie Shoe Shine Boy" with Harris, who introduced him as Scatman Roth. He left Oakland to stay in Los Angeles in 1952.
Crothers made his official debut in the movie Meet Me at the Fair (1953). He worked in both movies and television, often taking bit parts. He also made musical shorts and played drums with Slim Gaillard in the mid-1940s. Crothers then landed a major supporting role in the 1970 animated film The Aristocats from Walt Disney Productions, providing the voice of "Scat Cat". He also performed the film's theme song "Ev'rybody Wants to be a Cat". Good friends with Jack Nicholson, he appeared in four of his films: The King of Marvin Gardens (1972), The Fortune (1975), One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975), and The Shining (1980). His later film appearances included the role of a wizened fable-telling convict in the animated film Coonskin (1975), as a train porter in Silver Streak (1976), as a liveryman in The Shootist (1976), as a ringmaster of a struggling wild west show in Bronco Billy (1980), the Baseball coach and school teacher in Zapped! (1982), an angel in Two of a Kind (1983) and finally Mr. Bloom, a magician in the guise of an old man in the "Kick the Can" segment of Twilight Zone: The Movie. Crothers reprised his role as the Autobot warrior Jazz in The Transformers: The Movie, though due to the fact that the film was intended partially as a showcase for new characters being introduced to the toy line and upcoming season three canon, Jazz's role is minimal at best, appearing only a few times in the course of the film. He is among the characters from the original Autobot lineup of the previous two seasons who survives the film.
Some sources[which?] erroneously list him as a dancer in the Duke Ellington short, Symphony in Black (1935), who is first seen dancing with a woman in his apartment before taking her out. Later, he encounters his jilted lover, played by the also uncredited Billie Holiday. They briefly have words, he pushes her down and exits with his new girlfriend before her song. This role was actually played by Earl Snakehips Tucker, who also appears at the end of the short.
Even though Crothers worked in television at the beginning of his career, he really came into his own in the medium doing voice-over work on several animated series, beginning with Disney's The Aristocats. In the 1970s, fans recognized his distinctive voice as Hong Kong Phooey, and the voice of Meadowlark Lemon in the Harlem Globetrotters cartoon series. In 1966 an animated special from the Hanna-Barbera studios aired called The New Alice in Wonderland (or What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This?), a hip take on the Lewis Carroll story that featured Sammy Davis, Jr. as a swingin', beatnik Cheshire Cat; the special was followed up by an audio adaptation for records (on Hanna-Barbera's HB Records label), but with Davis exclusive to the Reprise label, Crothers provided the Cat's record voice, and an even more exuberant spin on the character. Additionally, he made guest appearances on many popular shows, including Dragnet in 1967, Bewitched and McMillan & Wife in 1971, Adam-12 in 1972 (as "George Strothers"), Kojak and Ironside in 1973, Kolchak: The Night Stalker and Sanford and Son in 1974, Starsky and Hutch in 1977, Charlie's Angels and The Love Boat in 1978, Magnum, P.I. in 1980, and Taxi in 1983. Also in 1980, he was on two episodes of Laverne & Shirley as a porter. In the 1980s, he gained a new fanbase, providing the voice of the smooth-talking, music-loving Autobot Jazz on the television series The Transformers.
During his appearance on Sanford and Son he joined Redd Foxx for two musical numbers, one of which was a memorable version of the standard "All of Me", where he accompanied Foxx on tenor guitar. Crothers starred in three short-lived 1980s television series — One of the Boys (1982), Casablanca (1983), and Morningstar/Eveningstar (1986).
Crothers performed on piano and drums in several bands, most notably with bandleader Slim Gaillard. According to the jacket notes of the Let Freedom Sing CD set, Crothers was part of the music group The Ramparts who sang A.C. Bilbrew's "The Death of Emmett Till". He also recorded several solo albums and singles.
A heavy smoker most of his life, Crothers was diagnosed with lung cancer in late 1985, but he kept his condition a secret in order to continue working. The cancer eventually spread to his esophagus by mid 1986, rendering him unable to speak which more or less ended his career. He died of pneumonia on November 22, 1986, at his home in Van Nuys, California, at age 76. Crothers is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, near his wife, Helen, in the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles.
- King Cole Trio & Benny Carter Orchestra (1950) (short subject) as Himself
- Yes Sir, Mr. Bones (1951) as Scathman
- The Return of Gilbert and Sullivan (1952)
- Meet Me at the Fair (1953) as Enoch Jones
- Surprising Suzie (1953) (short subject)
- East of Sumatra (1953) as Baltimore
- Walking My Baby Back Home (1953) as Smiley Gordon
- Johnny Dark (1954)
- Team Berlin (1955) (short subject)
- Between Heaven and Hell (1956) as George (uncredited)
- Tarzan and the Trappers (1958) as Tyana
- The Gift of Love (1958) as Sam the Gardner (uncredited)
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1958) Episode #4.2 "Don't Interrupt" as Timothy
- Alias Jesse James (1959) as the railroad porter (uncredited)
- The Sins of Rachel Cade (1961) as Musinga
- Lady in a Cage (1964) as the junkyard proprietor's assistant (uncredited)
- The Patsy (1964) as the Shoeshine Boy
- The Family Jewels (1965) as an airport employee (uncredited)
- Three on a Couch (1966) as a jazz band member (uncredited)
- Hook, Line & Sinker (1969) as a corpse (uncredited)
- Hello, Dolly! (1969) as Mr. Jones, a porter (uncredited)
- Bloody Mama (1970) as Moses the caretaker
- The Great White Hope (1970) as a carnival barker (uncredited)
- The Aristocats (1970) as the voice of Scat Cat
- Chandler (1971) as Smoke
- Lady Sings the Blues (1972) as Big Ben
- The King of Marvin Gardens (1972) as Lewis
- Slaughter's Big Rip-Off (1973) as Cleveland
- Detroit 9000 (1973) as Reverend Markham
- Black Belt Jones (1974) as Pop Byrd
- Truck Turner (1974) as Duke
- Win, Place or Steal (1975) as the Attendant
- Linda Lovelace for President (1975) as Super Black
- The Fortune (1975) as the Fisherman
- Coonskin (1975) as the voices of Pappy and Old Man Bone
- One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) as Turkle
- Friday Foster (1975) as Noble Franklin
- Stay Hungry (1976) as William
- The Shootist (1976) as Moses Brown
- Chesty Anderson, USN (1976) as Ben Benson
- Silver Streak (1976) as Ralson
- Roots: The Saga of an American Family (1977) as Mingo
- Mean Dog Blues (1978) as Mudcat
- The Cheap Detective (1978) as Tinker
- Scavenger Hunt (1979) as Sam
- Banjo the Woodpile Cat (1979) as the voice of Crazy Legs
- The Shining (1980) as Dick Halloran
- Bronco Billy (1980) as Doc Lynch
- The Harlem Globetrotters on Gilligan's Island (1981) (made for TV) as Dewey Stevens
- Zapped! (1982) as Coach Dexter Jones
- Deadly Eyes (1982) as George Foskins
- Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983) "Segment #2" as Mr. Bloom
- Two of a Kind (1983) as Earl
- The Journey of Natty Gann (1985) as Sherman
- The Transformers: The Movie (1986) as the voice of Jazz
- Morningstar/Eveningstar (1986) (TV Series) as Excell Dennis (final role)
- Rock Odyssey - Jukebox (1987)
- The Adventures of Jim Bowie - episode - The Quarantine - Cicero (1957)
- Bonanza - episode - The Smiler - Jud (1961)
- The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo (1964)
- Harlem Globe Trotters - George 'Meadowlark' Lemon (1970-1971)
- Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color - Disney on Parade - King Louie (voice, uncredited) (1971)
- Bewitched - episode - Three Men and a Witch on a Horse - Handler (1971)
- The Lorax - TV special - Singer (voice, uncredited) (1972)
- Nichols - episode - Eddie Joe - Jack (1972)
- The New Scooby-Doo Movies - episodes - The Ghostly Creep from the Deep/The Loch Ness Mess/Mystery of Haunted Island (1972-1973)
- Kojak - episode - The Corrupter - Gaylord Fuller (1973)
- Hong Kong Phooey - 16 episodes - Hong Kong Phooey / Penrod 'Penry' Pooch (1974)
- Mannix - episode - The Green Man - Mudcat (1974)
- McMillan & Wife - episode - Downshift to Danger - Floyd (1974)
- Sanford and Son - episode - The Stand-In - Bowlegs (1975)
- Dean Martin Celebrity Roast: Angie Dickinson - TV Special - Himself (1977)
- Laff-A-Lympics - Hong Kong Phooey (1977)
- CB Bears - Segment title narrator (1977)
- The Skatebirds- Scat Cat (1977)
- Starsky and Hutch - episode - Long Walk Down a Short Dirt Road - Fireball (1977)
- Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels - Additional Voices (1977-1980)
- NBC Salutes the 25th Anniversary of the Wonderful World of Disney - TV Movie documentary - Himself (1978)
- Charlie's Angels - episode - Angels in Vegas - Jip Baker (1978)
- Vega$ - episodes -High Roller & The Usurper - Rosey (1978-1979)
- The Super Globetrotters - Nate Branch / Liquid Man (1979)
- The Incredible Hulk - episode - My Favorite Magician - Edgar McGee (1979)
- Magnum, P.I. - episode - Lest We Forget - Tickler (1981)
- Trollkins - Additional Voices (1981)
- The Harlem Globetrotters on Gilligan's Island - TV Movie - Dewey Stevens (1981)
- Jokebook - Main Title Singer ((1982)
- Benson - episode - In the Red - Rev. Tompkins (1982)
- Casablanca - Sam (1983)
- Taxi - episode - A Grand Gesture - Walt (1983)
- This Is Your Life - episode - Scatman Crothers - Himself (1984)
- Paw Paws - Eugene the Genie (1985-1986)
- The Wonderful World of Jonathan Winters - Himself (1986)
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 136. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- "Person Details for Sherman Crothers in household of Ben Crothers, "United States Census, 1920" — FamilySearch.org". Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- "Person Details for Benj Crothers, "United States Census, 1910" — FamilySearch.org". Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- "Scatman Crothers (1910 - 1986) - Find A Grave Memorial". Retrieved 11 June 2015.
- "Helen M. Sullivan Crothers (1918 - 1997) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
- "Scatman Crothers | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
- "Scatman Crothers - Hollywood Star Walk - Los Angeles Times". projects.latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-10-04.
|Voice of Jazz
Original Series and Animated Movie