Scene of the Crime (1949 film)
|Scene of the Crime|
theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Roy Rowland|
|Produced by||Harry Rapf|
|Screenplay by||Charles Schnee|
|Based on||the article "Smashing the Bookie Gang Marauders"|
by John Bartlow Martin
|Music by||André Previn|
|Edited by||Robert J. Kern|
|Distributed by||Loew's Inc.|
Scene of the Crime is a 1949 film noir directed by Roy Rowland, starring Van Johnson, and featuring Gloria DeHaven, Arlene Dahl, and Tom Drake. The film's screenplay, by Charles Schnee, is based on a non-fiction article by John Bartlow Martin, "Smashing the Bookie Gang Marauders". It was the only property sold by Martin to be made into a film. Scene of the Crime was producer Harry Rapf's last film of his thirty-plus year career; he died of a heart attack a week after principal photography for the film began.
According to film critic Dennis Schwartz, the film is one of "few film noirs attempted by MGM. It came when Dore Schary was the studio head and insisted on producing more realistic films. This is a transitional film from the 1930s gangster film and a forerunner of the modern day TV cop show. It preaches the credo that 'Crime Does Not Pay.'"
Lieutenant Mike Conovan (Van Johnson), head of an LAPD homicide detective squad, investigates when Ed Monigan, an older member of his squad (and former partner), is murdered while off-duty and carrying $1,000 in cash. Conovan's current partner and one-time mentor, Fred Piper (John McIntire), is getting on in years and his eyesight is failing, while under Conovan's wing is rookie detective "C.C." (for "carbon copy") Gordon (Tom Drake), learning the ropes.
Out to dispel a theory that Monigan was secretly in cahoots with bookmakers, Conovan begins to track down a pair of downstate criminals ("lobos") known as the "Royalty Brothers." The trail leads to a stripper, Lili (Gloria DeHaven), whose ex-boyfriend Turk Kingby (Richard Benedict) has apparently pulled off a series of robberies of gamblers with his partner Lafe Douque (William Haade). Conovan's primary informant, Sleeper (Norman Lloyd), is brutally murdered for snitching. Conovan tracks down Lafe and places him under arrest, but leaving Lafe's apartment, gunshots ring out, killing Lafe. Conovan is convinced by his wife Gloria (Arlene Dahl) that police work is too dangerous. He agrees and tenders his resignation.
Lili calls headquarters with a tip for Conovan on where Turk can be found. Piper intercepts the message, investigates it himself and is gunned down. Conovan concludes that Lili has been double-crossing him, secretly helping Turk all along. Over the objections of his wife, he gets his old job back with the police force. Turk and his new partner attempt to flee, but Conovan sets up an ambush. He uses a truck to crash into Turk's armor-plated car, causing it to catch fire. Turk confesses to the murders and clears Monigan before he dies.
- Van Johnson as Mike Conovan
- Arlene Dahl as Gloria Conovan
- Gloria DeHaven as Lili
- Tom Drake as Detective "C.C." Gordon
- Leon Ames as Captain A.C. Forster
- John McIntire as Detective Fred Piper
- Donald Woods as Bob Herkimer
- Norman Lloyd as Sleeper
- Jerome Cowan as Arthur Webson
- Tom Powers as Umpire Menafoe
- Richard Benedict as Turk Kingby
- Anthony Caruso as Tony Rutzo
- Robert Gist as P.J. Pontiac
- Romo Vincent as Hippo
- Tom Helmore as Norrie Lorfield
- Caleb Peterson as Loomis
- William Haade as Lafe Douque
- Donna Reed was originally slated to play the part played in the film by Arlene Dahl.
- Gloria deHaven's character, Lili, was modeled on stripper Lili St. Cyr
MGM, Hollywood's "Tiffany Studio", had a long history of making glamorous films, especially musicals, and shied away from making gutty, street-wise films, such as Warner Bros. specialized in. The exceptions were their series of "Crime Does Not Pay" shorts – where director Roy Rowland learned the ins and outs of that genre – and the occasional films in the 1930s and '40s, such as Kid Glove Killer and Grand Central Murder, both released in 1942. Once Dore Schary returned to MGM in 1948 from his stint at RKO Films, to replace Louis B. Mayer as head of production, the studio began to make darker, more realistic films. Scene of the Crime was the result of that transition.
The casting for Scene of the Crime went "against type". Star Van Johnson was known for appearing in light fare such as comedies and musicals, making him a teen idol, so a hard-boiled cop was a complete change for him, and his newly revealed versatility garnered him roles in 1949's Battleground and the offer to play Eliot Ness in The Untouchables on TV, a role that went instead to Robert Stack. Although Scene of the Crime made a small profit, primarily because of its low production cost, Van Johnson would never make another film noir.
Gloria deHaven was also making a change for her role in the film. She had been known for playing sweet, innocent ingenues, like Johnson in comedies and musicals. It was Schary's decision to cast her as Lili, a stripper who appears at first to have a heart of gold, but turns out to be a hard-boiled gangster's moll. Unable to show a stripper actually stripping, the film shows her doing a "reverse strip": Lili stats in a – for the time – skimpy outfit, and puts her clothes on while singing Andre Previn and William Katz' song "I'm a Goody Good Girl". As with Johnson, the film opened up new possibilities for deHaven. As opposed to deHaven, the third major actor in Street of the Crime, the glamorous Arlene Dahl, might normally have been expected to play the stripper role, instead of a nagging housewife.
Director Roy Rowland was a long-time stalwart at MGM, directing shorts, B-movies, and a variety of other films. He would make two additional film noirs, Rogue Cop and Witness to Murder, starring Barbara Stanwyck, both released in 1954. Rowland is probably best known for directing a cult film, The 5000 Fingers of Dr. T, written by Dr. Seuss.
According to MGM records the film earned $968,000 in the US and Canada and $423,000 overseas resulting in a profit of $151,000.
Critic Dennis Schwartz liked the film, writing, "It is directed in a workman like efficiency by Roy Rowland (Rogue Cop) ... It's filmed Dragnet style, following ordinary police procedures in solving the case. The film had a violent conclusion, which underscores the dangers of being an urban cop. It portrayed the hard-working policemen in a sympathetic light and showed how they are often misunderstood by the public and betrayed at times by reporters who are eager to grab the headlines and run with them even though they don't have all the facts. Mike comes out as a good cop, but is disillusioned by his low pay and all the pressures from home, the job and its politics, and from an unappreciative public."
Awards and honors
- Edgar Award - Best Motion Picture (nominated, 1950)
- Scene of the Crime at the American Film Institute Catalog
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- Scene of the Crime on IMDb .
- Muller, Eddie (July 29, 2018) Introduction to Turner Classic Movies' presentation of Scene of the Crime
- Schwartz, Dennis (October 13, 2004) "Scene of the Crime" (review) Ozus' World Movie Reviews. Accessed: July 12, 2013.
- Miller, Frank (ndg) "Scene of the Crime (1949)" TCM.com
- Muller, Eddie (July 29, 2018) Outro to Turner Classic Movies' presentation of Scene of the Crime